Expert determination

Expert determination is a historically accepted form of dispute resolution invoked when there isn't a "formulated dispute" in which the parties have defined positions that need to be subjected to arbitration, but rather both parties are in agreement that there is a need for an evaluation.

The practise itself is millennia old and well established where complex legal institutions either have not developed, or are unavailable, such as tribal societies and criminal organisations.

In the context of modern jurisprudence the word "expert" appears first in "Bottomley v Ambler" 1878 38 LT 545, this was however used ambiguously also referring to arbitrators having the qualification of expert. The first mention that distinguishes specifically against the practise of arbitration, and introduces the formula "as an expert and not as an arbitrator" was in "Dean v. Prince" 1953 Ch. 590 at 591 (misquoted) and subsequently on appeal in the year 1954 1 Ch. 409 at 415. In Contract Law, the parties are free to include a forum selection clause appointing a special referee to resolve specialised but disputed factual issues between them.

ee also

* Conflict resolution research

References:

*"Dispute Resolution: Expert Determination"; John Kendall ISBN 0-85121-798-2


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