Economic Cooperation Foundation
The Economic Cooperation Foundation (ECF, Heb.: הקרן לשיתוף פעולה כלכלי) was founded by Dr. Yair Hirschfeld (the initiator of the
Oslo Peace Process), former Minister of Justice Dr. Yossi Beilinat the end of 1990 as a non-profit, non-governmental track II think tank, whose objectives are to build, maintain and support Israeli- Palestinianand Israeli- Arabcooperation in the political, economic, and civil society spheres in support of creating a sustainable Permanent Status based on a two-state solution. Based in Tel-Aviv, the ECF is led today by Dr. Hirschfeld, Dr. Beilin and its Treasurer Mr. Boaz Karni. Dr. Nimrod Novikis Chairman of the ECF Executive Board. [citebook|title=The Path to Geneva: The Quest for a Permanent Agreement, 1996-2003|author= Yossi Beilin|publisher=Akashic Books|year= 2004|id=ISBN 097192063X|pages=99]
Over the years, ECF has developed a unique network of intimate relations with all the relevant players – Israel, Palestine,
Egypt, Jordan, America, Europe, and others. In turn, this has enabled the ECF to create coalitions, design concepts, suggest creative solutions and build structures that have been translated into agreed-upon agendas and specific proposals. These, in turn, have offered policy makers, local, regional and international players practical tools, mechanisms, ideas and means to facilitate progress in practical as well as political issues related to the strengthening of the peace process.
ECF's professional input can be found in every initiative for Palestinian-Israeli peace since the inception of the Oslo Process. The ECF initially began and led the secret talks in
Oslo, Norwaythat resulted in the signing of the Declaration of Principles (DOP) in September 1993. The ‘Architects of Oslo’, then developed the ‘Beilin-Abu Mazen Understanding’, the first jointly developed detailed concept of a comprehensive Permanent Status Understanding between Israel and a Palestinian State.
Though not officially affiliated, Dr. Yossi Beilin as well as other members of ECF were central to the drafting of the
Geneva Accord, the most detailed proposal for a Permanent Status Accord negotiated by those with close relations to both the Israeli and Palestinian political establishments. ECF also played a noticeable role in preparing for the Israeli Disengagement Plan from Gazaand parts of the northern West Bankin August-September of 2005. The most well know ECF contribution was in facilitating the successful purchase of the settlers greenhouses, which were then be turned over to the Palestinians in order to provide an economic outlet for the struggling Palestinian economy. Despite initial setbacks, these greenhouses have provided a critical employment opportunity for nearly 3000 Palestinians and serve as a first step in the expansion of the Palestinian agricultural export industry, the most viable economic sector for the Palestinians.
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