Orkhon River

Orkhon River
Orkhon River (Орхон гол)
Orkhon Gol
Country  Mongolia
Aimags Arkhangai, Bulgan, Selenge
Major cities Kharkhorin, Bulgan
 - left Tamir River
 - right Tuul River, Kharaa River
 - location Suvraga Khairkhan mountain in the Khangai Mountains, Arkhangai, Mongolia
Mouth Selenge River
Length 1,124 km (698 mi)
Basin 132,835 km2 (51,288 sq mi)
Discharge for Bulgan
 - average 66 m3/s (2,331 cu ft/s)
 - max 190.2 m3/s (6,717 cu ft/s) July
 - min 0.5 m3/s (18 cu ft/s) February
Ulaan Tsutgalan waterfall

The Orkhon River (Mongolian: Орхон гол, Orkhon gol) is a river in Mongolia. It rises in the Khangai Mountains of Arkhangai aimag and flows northwards for 1,124 km (698 mi) before joining the Selenge River, which flows north into Russia and Lake Baikal. The Orkhon is longer than the Selenge, making it the longest river in Mongolia. Major tributaries of the Orkhon river are the Tuul River and Tamir River.

There are two sets of ancient ruins along the river valley: Khar Balgas, the ancient capital of the Uyghur Kingdom and Karakorum, the ancient capital of the Mongol Empire. Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov excavated several Hunnic Imperial tombs in the area of the river valley.

Very close to the Orkhon the Ulaan Tsutgalan river features a waterfall, ten meters wide and twenty meters high. The waterfall is a popular destination for tourists. Fish in the Orkhon river include pike, carp, perch, taimen and catfish.

UNESCO lists the Orkhon Valley as a World Heritage Site.

See also

  • Khöshöö Tsaidam Monuments (World heritage site)
  • List of rivers of Mongolia


H. Barthel, Mongolei-Land zwischen Taiga und Wüste, Gotha 1990, p.34f

"Сэлэнгэ мөрөн". www.medeelel.mn. http://www.medeelel.mn/index.php?page=land&sm=73&s=1345. Retrieved July 16, 2007. 

External links

Coordinates: 47°33′24″N 102°49′53″E / 47.55667°N 102.83139°E / 47.55667; 102.83139[[be-x-old:Архон]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orkhon — (Mongolian: Орхон) may refer to: Orkhon River, Mongolia Orkhon Valley, the landscape around that river Orkhon Province, an Aimag (province) in Mongolia several Sums (districts) in different Mongolian Aimags: Orkhon, Bulgan Orkhon, Selenge Orkhon… …   Wikipedia

  • Orkhon Valley — This article is about the cultural landscape. For other uses, see Orkhon. Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape * UNESCO World Heritage Site …   Wikipedia

  • Orkhon Province — Coordinates: 49°0′N 104°15′E / 49°N 104.25°E / 49; 104.25 …   Wikipedia

  • orkhon turk — ˈȯrˌkän noun Usage: usually capitalized O&T Etymology: from Orkhon river, northern Mongolia : one of a Turkish tribe in the 8th century occupying the drainage of the Orkhon river in north central Mongolia, practicing intensive irrigation… …   Useful english dictionary

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Orkhon — /awr kon/, n. a river in E central Asia, flowing E, N, and then NE from the N central Mongolian People s Republic to the Selenga River. ab. 400 mi. (645 km) long. * * * …   Universalium

  • Orkhon — /awr kon/, n. a river in E central Asia, flowing E, N, and then NE from the N central Mongolian People s Republic to the Selenga River. ab. 400 mi. (645 km) long …   Useful english dictionary

  • Río Orkhon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Orkhon Valle del río Orkhon País que atraviesa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tuul River — Geobox|River name = Tuul Gol native name = mn. Туул гол other name = Tuul River other name1 = Tola River category = etymology = nickname = image caption = The Tuul flowing through the Gorkhi Terelj National Park country = Mongolia country1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Orhon River — or Orkhon River River, northern Mongolia. It is 698 mi (1,123 km) long and rises from the slopes of the Hangayn Mountains. It flows east, then north past Karakorum. The 8th century funerary stelae discovered in the river s valley in 1889 contain… …   Universalium

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