Cévennes

Cévennes
Occitan: Cevenas
Range
The town of Sainte-Enimie and the Gorges du Tarn
Country France
Départements Gard, Lozère, Ardèche, Haute-Loire
Part of Massif Central
Highest point Mont Lozère
 - elevation 1,702 m (5,584 ft)
 - coordinates 44°25′34″N 03°44′21″E / 44.42611°N 3.73917°E / 44.42611; 3.73917
Location in the Massif Central

The Cévennes (Occitan: Cevenas) are a range of mountains in south-central France, covering parts of the départements of Gard, Lozère, Ardèche, and Haute-Loire.

Cévennes view

The word Cévennes comes from the Gaulish Cebenna, which was Latinized by Julius Caesar to Cevenna. The Cévennes are named Cemmenon (Κέμμενων) in Strabo's Geographica.

The average population density is 14/km².

The Cévennes are a part of the Massif Central. They run from southwest (Montagne Noire) to northeast (Monts du Vivarais), with the highest point being the Mont Lozère (1702m). Another notable peak is the Mont Aigoual (1567m). The Loire and Allier flowing towards the Atlantic ocean, the Ardèche and tributary Chassezac, Cèze, the different Gardons to the Rhône, Vidourle, Hérault and Dourbie rivers to the sea source in the Cévennes. The region hosts Cévennes National Park, created in 1970 and the Parc Naturel Régional des Monts d'Ardèche. Two canyons are near the region: the Gorges de la Jonte (the Jonte River gorge) and the Gorges du Tarn (the Tarn River gorge).

The region is known for its large community of Protestants, or Huguenots. During the reign of Louis XIV, much of the Huguenot population fled France, particularly following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, but the community in the Cévennes largely remained in place, protected from attack by the hilly terrain. In 1702, this population, dubbed the Camisards, rose up against the monarchy.[1] The two sides agreed to peace in 1715.

In French, the adjective derived from "Cévennes" is Cévenol (fem. Cévenole), as in d'Indy's Symphonie Cévenole, a composer of Ardèche origin (known in English as his "Symphony on a French Mountain Air"). The mountain range also gives its name to a meteorological effect when cold air from the Atlantic coast meets warm air of southern winds from the Mediterranean and causes heavy autumnal downpours, often leading to floods. These are called épisodes cévenols.

In 2005 the French boutique car maker PGO introduced a model named for the region.[2][3]

See also

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cevennes — Cévennes Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cévennes (homonymie). Cévennes Région Languedoc Roussillon Rhône Alpes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CÉVENNES — Ensemble de hauteurs faisant partie du rebord oriental du Massif central et dominant la plaine du Rhône, les Cévennes sont situées entre le Vivarais, au nord, et les Causses, au sud et à l’ouest. Le relief se répartit en deux ensembles: au centre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cévennes — [sā ven′] mountain range in S France, west of the Rhone: highest peak, 5,755 ft (1,754 m) …   English World dictionary

  • Cévennes — 44° 25′ 34″ N 3° 44′ 21″ E / 44.4262, 3.73926 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cévennes — Dorf in den Cevennen Die Cevennen oder Sevennen (frz. Cévennes) sind eine Gebirgsregion im Süden Frankreichs. Sie bilden einen südlichen Ausläufer des Zentralmassivs und gehören zu den französischen Mittelgebirgen. Die Cevennen liegen in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cévennes — /say ven /, n. (used with a pl. v.) a mountain range in S France. Highest peak, Mt. Mézenc, 5753 ft. (1754 m). * * * ▪ mountain range, France       mountain range of southern France containing peaks over 5,000 feet (1,525 m) and forming the… …   Universalium

  • Cévennes — Sp Sevènai Ap Cévennes L kk. P Prancūzijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Cévennes — geographical name mountain range S France W of the Rhône at E edge of Massif Central see mezenc …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cevennes — ► Cordillera francesa que forma el contrafuerte oriental del Macizo Central; 1 587 m …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CÉVENNES —    a range of low mountains on the eastern edge of the central plateau of France, separating the basin of the Rhône from those of the Loire and Garonne; average height from 3000 to 4000 ft.; the chief scene of the dragonnades against the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


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