The Munchkins Oz books character
W. W. Denslow's depiction of Munchkins, from the first edition of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
First appearance "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" (1900) Created by L. Frank Baumedi
The Munchkins are the natives of the fictional Munchkin Country in the Oz books by L. Frank Baum. They first appeared in the 1900 novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, in which they are described as being somewhat short of stature, and wear only blue. They are best-known from their depiction in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz, in which they are played by adult proportional dwarfs, dressed in brightly multicolored outfits, and live in Munchkinland.
On November 20, 2007, the Munchkins were given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Seven of the surviving Munchkins actors from the film were present. As a result of the popularity of the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz, the word "munchkin" has entered the English language as a reference to small children, dwarfs, or anything cute of diminutive stature.
The following is an excerpt from chapter two of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, in which Dorothy first meets three Munchkins and the Good Witch of the North:
- "... she noticed coming down toward her a group of the queerest people she had ever seen. They were not as big as the grown folk she had always been used to; but neither were they very small. In fact, they seemed about as tall as Dorothy, who was a well-grown child for her age, although they were, so far as looks go, many years older.
Baum apparently did not mean that only Munchkins are short in stature (as depicted in the iconic 1939 film), but that this is the norm for all of the adult humans of Oz. In a scene later in the book, the Guardian of the Gates, the first inhabitant of the Emerald City met by Dorothy and apparently representative of its citizens, is "a little man about the same size as the Munchkins." Still later, the Quadlings of the southern land are described as "short and fat."
Origin of the term
Baum never explained where the term came from, but Baum researcher Brian Attebery has hypothesized that there might be a connection to the emblem of the Bavarian city of Munich (spelled München in German). The symbol was originally a 13th century statue of a monk, looking down from the town hall in Munich. Over the years, the image was reproduced many times, for instance as a figure on beer steins, and eventually evolved into a child wearing a pointed hood. Baum's family had German origins: Baum could have seen one such reproduction in his childhood. Also, it is known about the existance of the so called munchkin pies. A "munchkin pie" is any type of fruit pie, that is created by a so called "munchkin" person. It dates back to the 19th century.
It is also conceivable that "Munchkin" is derived from the German word for "mannikin" or "little figure": "Männchen", with "-chen" being the diminutive suffix for "Mann" (man). Southern German dialects use different diminutive suffixes and a "Männchen" is called "Manderl" or "Manschgerl", the latter of which is phonetically very close to munchkin.
- Algernon Woodcock
- Nimmie Amee
- Kiki Aru
- Bini Aru
- King Cheeriobed
- Nick Chopper
- Ojo the Lucky
- Queen Orin of the Ozure Isles
- Dr. Pipt
- Unc Nunkie
The following is a list of actors who portrayed the Munchkins in the 1939 film. 124 appeared in the film, with an additional dozen or so child actresses of average size hired to make up for the shortage of little people that the studio found to appear in the film. These actors – including those with speaking parts – were credited on-screen collectively, as "The Munchkins".
In 1989, author Stephen Cox researched, found, and wrote about the surviving Munchkin actors fifty years after they made the film. He wrote about them in his book, "The Munchkins Remember" (1989, E.P. Dutton) which was later revised as "The Munchkins of Oz" (Cumberland House), and his book remained in print for nearly two decades. When he wrote the book, 33 little people who acted in the film were surviving and were interviewed.
Actor Born Died Notes Source Gladys W. Allison John Ballas Franz Balluck September 8, 1913 January 24, 1987  Josefine Balluck September 9, 1908 1984  John T. Bambury July 10, 1891 November 4, 1960 Charlie Becker November 24, 1887 December 28, 1968 played "The Mayor" Freda Betsky Henry Boers 1896 1962 Theodore Boers 1894 Christie Buresh April 21, 1904 October 1979 Eddie Buresh March 16, 1909 January 1982  Lida Buresh June 16, 1906 September 1970  Mickey Carroll July 8, 1919 May 7, 2009 played a fiddler, a town crier, and a soldier  Colonel Casper Nona A. Cooper 1875 1953  Tommy Cottonaro March 20, 1914 February 7, 2001 Elizabeth Coulter Lewis Croft May 2, 1919 April 28, 2008 played a soldier Frank Cucksey January 5, 1919 September 9, 1984  Billy Curtis June 27, 1909 November 9, 1988 Eugene S. David, Jr. Eulie H. David Ethel W. Denis Prince Denis January 26, 1892 June 20, 1984  Hazel I. Derthick January 7, 1906 February 13, 1989  Daisy Doll April 29, 1907 March 15, 1980 Gracie Doll March 12, 1899 November 8, 1970 Harry Doll April 3, 1902 May 4, 1985 member of "The Lollipop Guild" Tiny Doll July 23, 1914 September 6, 2004 Major Doyle September 5, 1893 May 22, 1968 Carl M. Erickson September 12, 1917 1958 played a herald  Fern Formica January 17, 1925 January 23, 1995 played a villager and a "sleepyhead" Addie Eva Frank Thaisa L. Gardner September 11, 1909 November 19, 1968  Jakob "Jackie" Gerlich 1918 December 1960  William A. Giblin Jack Glicken Carolyn E. Granger Joseph Herbst 1888 May 1967 played a soldier Jakob Hofbauer January 1, 1899 September 24, 1954  Clarence C. Howerton February 9, 1913 November 18, 1975 played a herald Helen M. Hoy Marguerite A. Hoy January 26, 1906 November 6, 1969  James R. Hulse March 16, 1915 December 29, 1964  Robert Kanter Eleanor Keaton July 29, 1918 October 19, 1998 Charles E. Kelley Jessie E. Kelley Frank Kikel Bernard "Harry" Klima c.1897 December 9, 1957  Mitzi Koestner June 4, 1894 August 1975 Emma Koestner Willi Koestner Adam Edwin "Eddie" Kozicki Joseph J. Koziel Dolly F. Kramer June 24, 1904 July 9, 1995  Emil Kranzler December 1, 1910 April 7, 1993 played a villager  Nita Krebs October 8, 1905 January 18, 1991 member of the "Lullaby League" "Little Jean" LaBarbera August 4, 1909 August 17, 1993  Hilda Lange 31 August 1911 December 1975 Singer  Raenell Laskey child actress Johnny Leal February 26, 1905 November 9, 1996 Ann Rice Leslie Charles Ludwig Dominick Magro Carlos Manzo 1914 1955  Howard Marco Bela Matina Lajos "Leo" Matina Matjus Matina Walter M. B. Miller George Ministeri August 9, 1913 January 29, 1986 played the coach driver Harry Monty April 15, 1904 December 28, 1999 Yvonne Bistany Moray January 24, 1917 member of the "Lullaby League" Olga C. Nardone June 8, 1921 September 24, 2010 one of the sleepyheads Nels P. Nelson November 24, 1918 May 2, 1994 Margaret C.H. Nickloy August 12, 1902 April 29, 1961  Franklin O'Baugh William H. O'Docharty September 12, 1920 December 20, 1988 Hildred C. Olson Frank Packard Nicholas Page May 2, 1904 August 1978  Leona M. Parks Johnny Pizo "Prince Leon" Polinsky Meinhardt Raabe September 2, 1915 April 9, 2010 played the coroner Margaret Raia 1928 August 17, 2003  Matthew Raia Fredreich "Freddie" Retter 1912 "Little Billy" Rhodes February 1, 1895 July 24, 1967 played the barrister  Gertrude H. Rice Hazel Rice Sandor Roak Jimmie Rosen 1885 June 1, 1940  Charles F. Royale Helen J. Royale Stella A. Royale Albert Ruddinger Elsie R. Schultz 1893 1987  Charles Silvern September 24, 1902 April 1, 1979 Garland "Earl" Slatten February 17, 1917 April 30, 1995  Karl Slover September 21, 1918 November 15, 2011 played lead trumpeter, a soldier, a "sleepyhead" and a villager Ruth E. Smith February 1, 1895 September 5, 1985 Elmer Spangler Parnell St. Aubin 1903 December 4, 1987 played a soldier Carl Stephan Alta M. Stevens Donna Jean Johnson Stewart-Hardaway April 2, 1933 November 12, 2008 child actress George Suchsie Charlotte V. Sullivan Clarence Swensen December 29, 1917 February 25, 2009 played a soldier Betty Tanner February 5, 1916 November 8, 1994 Arnold Vierling May 24, 1919 June 11, 1949 played a villager  Gus Wayne October 16, 1920 January 23, 1998  Victor Wetter June 11, 1902 December 8, 1990  Viola White child actress Gracie B. Williams Harvey B. Williams Johnny Winters c.1905 1985 Marie Winters 1901 1979  Gladys V. Wolff 1911 1984  Murray Wood June 12, 1908 September 25, 1999 
Living as of 1989 (11)
Actor Born Notes Source Betty Ann Cain 1931 child actress [dead link] Ardith Dondanville 1930 child actress [dead link] Ruth Robinson Duccini July 23, 1918 played a villager Joan Kenmore child actress [dead link] Jerry Maren January 24, 1920 member of "The Lollipop Guild" Elaine Mirk child actress Priscilla Montgomery 1929 child actress [dead link] Margaret Williams Pellegrini September 23, 1923 played a "sleepyhead" Meinhardt Raabe September 2, 1915 – April 9, 2010 played the coroner Valerie Shepherd child actress Karl Slover September 21, 1918 – November 15, 2011 played a soldier, a "sleepyhead" and a villager
Living today (3)
Actor Born Notes Ruth Robinson Duccini July 23, 1918 played a villager Jerry Maren January 24, 1920 member of "The Lollipop Guild" Margaret Williams Pellegrini September 23, 1923 played a "sleepyhead"
- ^ City-Data.com (with CNN reference)
- ^ "Melinda and Nate actors get star on Walk of Fame". Cable News Network / Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.. 2007-11-21. http://www.cnn.com/2007/SHOWBIZ/Movies/11/21/munchkins.ap/index.html?iref=newssearch. Retrieved 2007-12-05. [dead link]
- ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2004. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/munchkin. Retrieved 2007-12-05.
- ^ www.kansasoz.com
- ^ Info re Franz Balluck
- ^ Find a Grave website/Josefine Balluck
- ^ Info re Eddie Buresh
- ^ Info re Lida Buresh
- ^ Mickey Carroll official website
- ^ Notice of death of Mickey Carroll
- ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=63938978
- ^ a b http://www.phreeque.com/nate_eagle.html
- ^ http://www.weblo.com/celebrity/available/Frank_H_Cucksey/472888/
- ^ "Prince Denis, 84, Performer Who Played Munchkin Mayor". The New York Times. June 24, 1984. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F02E6DC1439F937A15755C0A962948260. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
- ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Derthick&GSfn=hazel&GSbyrel=in&GSdyrel=in&GSob=n&GRid=6805339&
- ^ Find a Grave website/Carl M. Erickson
- ^ Info re Thaisa Gardner
- ^ IMDb
- ^ Info re Jakob Hofbauer
- ^ Info re Marguerite Hoy
- ^ Info re James R. Hulse
- ^ Info re Harry Klima
- ^ Info re Dolly Kramer
- ^ Find a Grave website/Emil Kranzler
- ^ Info re "Little Jean" LaBarbera
- ^ Hogoboom Family Tree, Ancestry.com
- ^ a b c d e Info re Carlos Manzo
- ^ Find a Grave website/Margaret C.H. Nickloy
- ^ Find a Grave website/Margaret Raia
- ^ Find a Grave website/"Little Billy" Rhodes
- ^ Info re Jimmie Rosen
- ^ Info re Garland Slatten
- ^ Find a Grave website/Arnold Vierling
- ^ Find a Grave website/Gus Wayne
- ^ Victor Wetter info.
- ^ Info re Murray Wood
- ^ Info re Betty Ann Cain
- ^ Info re Ardith Dondanville
- ^ Info re Joan Kenmore
- ^ Info re Priscilla Montgomery
- ^ http://www.nwitimes.com/entertainment/columnists/offbeat/article_0d30beff-4719-5852-a813-0659e9cf1d39.html
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Look at other dictionaries:
Munchkin — steht für: Munchkin (Kartenspiel), ein Kartenspiel Munchkin Land, siehe Erzählung Der Zauberer von Oz Hauskatzenrasse, siehe Liste der Katzenrassen Powergamer, ein Spielertyp in Rollenspielen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Munchkin — puede referirse a: Munchkin, una raza de gatos proveniente de Estados Unidos. Munchkin, un juego de cartas. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de … Wikipedia Español
Munchkin — (n.) 1900, coined by U.S. author L. Frank Baum (1856 1919) in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. He never explained how he got the word. The word most like it is perhaps mutchkin, an old Scottish measure of capacity for liquids, which was used by Scott … Etymology dictionary
munchkin — ☆ munchkin [munch′kin ] n. [coined in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, novel (1900) by BAUM L(yman) Frank] 1. [often M ] an imaginary being having a small human form and a dutiful, amiable, innocuous nature 2. a person who keeps busy doing things that … English World dictionary
Munchkin — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Les Munchkins sont une race fictive de petits humanoïdes dans Le Magicien d Oz. Le munchkin est une race de chat. Dans le jargon anglo saxon des jeux de… … Wikipédia en Français
munchkin — UK [ˈmʌntʃkɪn] / US noun [countable] Word forms munchkin : singular munchkin plural munchkins mainly American informal a nice friendly small child He s such a cute little munchkin! … English dictionary
munchkin — [“mantjkan] n. a small or insignificant person. □ You’re not going to let that munchkin push you around, are you? □ Who is the munchkin holding the clipboard? … Dictionary of American slang and colloquial expressions
Munchkin — In The Wizard of Oz the dwarfish helpers were called Munchkins. The term subsequently (after release of the film in 1939) came into American slang to mean a menial, a low ranking staffmember, especially in the phrase ‘low level Munchkin’. It… … A dictionary of epithets and terms of address
munchkin — munch|kin [ mʌntʃkın ] noun count INFORMAL a nice friendly small child: He s such a cute little munchkin! … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
munchkin — n a cute small child, a dwarf, underling. An American expression taken from the name of the little people in the musical, The Wizard of Oz; the word is used affectionately or condescendingly. (A low level munchkin is an employee near or at the… … Contemporary slang