Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=The Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales')
caption=Cap badge of the Staffordshire Regiment
Prince of Wales' Division
garrison= 1st Battalion -
ceremonial_chief=HRH The Duke of York KG KCVO ADC(P)
ceremonial_chief_label=Colonel in Chief
colonel_of_the_regiment= Colonel James Kenneth Tanner, OBE
identification_symbol_label=Tactical Recognition Flash
From South Staffordshire Regiment
march=Quick - "The Staffordshire Regiment"
Slow - "
God Bless the Prince of Wales"
Anzio(22nd January), Ypres(31st July), Arnhem(17th September), Ferozeshah(21st December)
The Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales') (or simply "Staffords" for short) was an
infantry regimentof the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division. The regiment was formed in 1959 by the amalgamation of The South Staffordshire Regimentand The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's). The Staffords can trace their history back to 1705 when a regiment known as the 38th Foot was raised at Lichfieldby Colonel Luke Lillington.
Zulu WarThe South Staffordshire Regiment was located in South Africa and its battalions took part in a number of engagements there. One such engagement was in Hlobane, when the 2nd Battalion along with Boertroops were sent to attack that Zulustronghold. The forces soon besieged the Zulus but a relief force of some 27,000 warriors arrived. The British and Boer forces, only 675 men in total, withdrew at the sight of this immense opposition. The next day some 25,000 Zulu warriors attacked the camp, located at Khambula, but were forced back after an onslaught from the British forces. The Zulus incurred over 2000 casualties, with the British force suffering just 29 casualties.
First World War
First World War, 35 Staffordshire battalions were formed (17 South Staffordshires and 18 North Staffordshires). At the Battle of Festubert, an action designed in support of the large French action at Vimy Ridgein 1915, the 1st Battalion performed with great distinction. The 22nd Brigade, of which the 1st South Staffords were part, were chosen to lead the right-side assault on the German trenches, though heavy machine-gun fire caused many casualties forcing the 22nd Brigade to halt, to allow a 15 minute bombardment to take place. After the bombardment ceased, the 22nd Brigade started moving again, with the South Staffords now part of the assault. They succeeded in reaching the German front, despite incurring a large number of casualties. They soon worked along the trenches with the use of grenades. The South Staffords and 2nd Battalion, Queens successfully secured territory from Stafford Corner to the old positions of the German front, not to mention the La Quinque Rue, achieving all their objectives. The 1st Battalion, South Staffordshires, continued to have a relatively successful day, taking further ground in the German trenches and capturing at least 190 German soldiers. All these results by the South Staffords were achieved on the first day of the assault, the 16th May.
The battalion suffered heavy casualties, with 261 officers and men being killed, though even this did not come near to the casualties that other regiments suffered at Festubert.
Many of the Staffordshire battalions participated in the
Battle of Looswere they suffered heavy casualties. The 1st South Staffords were once again part of 22nd Brigade. Gas was used for the first time by the British in this battle, sometimes with tragic effect on their own forces. The 22nd Brigade moved towards its target, shrouded in the gas cloud but suffered heavy loss, with the 1st South Staffords and 2nd Royal Warwicks losing 70% of their men.
The 2nd South Staffords were part of 6th Brigade. Their gas attack faced tremendous problems, owing to the wind. One officer from the
Royal Engineersbelieved it to be too dangerous and risky to release the gas in such poor conditions, but Brigade HQ ordered him to proceed with the gas attack. The gas cloud did not blow toward the German trenches and incapacitated 130 men of the 2nd South Staffords. Fighting continued for the rest of the day and into the next. The South Stafford battalions were in the thick of it for much of the time, even repelling German counter-attacks, against, at times, heavy odds.
The South Staffordshire Regiment battalions as a whole suffered the loss of 1,174 men during the
Battle of Loos. The 6th North Staffordshire Regiment itself suffered 315 dead (or a full strength of approximately 800).
econd World War
;SicilyThe 2nd South Staffords took part in the Sicily Landings, the first full-scale invasion to take place in German occupied Europe, in an air-landing role. The 2nd Staffords were to be flown in by
gliders, a technique still in its infancy. Approximately 130 gliders were intended to land in Sicily, but due to extremely bad conditions, only 87 managed to do, many crashing into the sea. Unfortunately, many of the crew and troops onboard these aircraft drowned before naval vessels could reach them, though many were saved.
The troops that were now on Sicily were scattered across the Italian island, and many were only in small units, with a seemingly impossible task before them: to capture and hold all their objectives.
Ponte Grande Bridge, a key objective for the Allied invasion, was tasked to C Company of the South Staffords to capture before the enemy could blow it up. Two gliders had survived to land near the objective, but one blew up on landing, leaving just 15 Platoon to assault the German positions at the bridge. The Staffords, along with elements from other companies of the regiment, as well as glider pilots and Royal Engineers, succeeded in overwhelming the Germans there, capturing the bridge intact. They succeeded in withholding numerous attempts to retake the bridge, lasting for over 15 hours, until finally their ammunition had been expended and they were forced back by German troops. Luckily though, elements from The Royal Scots Fusiliersmanaged to arrive in time to relieve the exhausted Staffords, recapturing the bridge before it could be destroyed by the retreating German forces.
;ArnhemThe 2nd South Staffords, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Derek McCardie and part of the 1st Airlanding Brigade, of the vast forces preparing to launch
Operation Market Garden, the planned invasion of the Netherlands. They were landed, being ordered to proceed to ArnhemBridge, held by 2 Para, being gradually besieged by overwhelmingly strong German forces. Their progress was continually hampered by seven German ambushes, before eventually encountering heavy German opposition in the area of St. Elizabeth's Hospital. Attempts were made to group together the Staffords and 11 Para, though this soon failed, and the situation soon degenerated into street battles, in which the "Staffords" suffered severe casualties. The battalion won two VCs during these engagements, an impressive achievement that no other battalion matched in the Second World War. During Operation Market Garden, the "South Staffords" lost 85 men, with 558 missing and 124 being evacuated, out of a total of 767 men that had originally been landed in the Netherlands.
In October 1990 The Staffordshire Regiment was deployed to
Saudi Arabiaas part of 7th Armoured Brigade, better known as the 'Desert Rats'. The deployment was in response to the dictator Saddam Hussein's invasion of the sovereign territory of Kuwait, claiming it to rightfully belong to Iraq. The Staffords comprised 45 Warrior APCs, with a company of Grenadier Guardsbeing attached to the regiment. A company from the 1st Battalion, The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire. They were involved in fierce fighting with Iraqi forces from the beginning of land operations to the end. They covered an astonishing 290 km/180 miles in just 100 hours.
Following a first deployment in Iraq in 2005 at the end of October 2006 the Staffordshire Regiment commenced its final overseas deployment with a second deployment in Iraq.
Options for Changeit was announced that the Regiment would amalgamate with the Cheshire Regimentto form a single battalion regiment called the Cheshire and Staffordshire Regiment. This amalgamation was suspended in 1994.
As part of the reorganisation of the infantry announced in 2004, it was announced that the Staffordshire Regiment would merge with the Cheshire Regiment and the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment into a new three battalion regiment to be called the
Mercian Regiment. On September 1, 2007 the Staffordshire Regiment became the 3rd Battalion, Mercian Regiment (Staffords), and will operate permanently in the armoured infantryrole. Initially it will be based at Tidworth, but, as part of the current round of arms plotting, it will move to Fallingbostelin Germany in 2009, where it will be permanently based.
Guadeloupe1759, Martinique1794, Hafir, South Africa1878-79, Egypt1882, Kirbekan, Nile1884-85, South Africa1900-02
*"World War I":
** "France and Flanders":
Mons, Retreat from Mons, Marne1914, Aisne1914-18, Armentières1914, Ypres1914-17, Langemarck1914-17, Gheluvelt Nonne Bosschen, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Festubert1915 Loos, Somme1916-18, Albert 1916-18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Guillemont, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Thiepval, Ancre Heights, Ancre1916, Bapaume1917-18, Arras1917, Scarpe1917, Arleux, Bullecourt, Hill 70, Messines1917-18, Ypres1917-18, Pilckem, Langemarck1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcapelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai1917-18, St. Quentin, Bapaume1918, Rosières, Avre, Lys, Bailleul, Kemmel, Scherpenberg, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Havrincourt, Canal du Nord, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Kortrijk, Selle, Valenciennes, Sambre, Franceand Flanders1914-18
Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Sari Bair, Gallipoli1915-16
Egypt1916, Tigris1916, Kut al Amara1917, Bagdhad, Mesopotamia1916-18
** "Italy": Piave, Vittorio Veneto 1918
** "North West Frontier India":
Baku, Persia 1918, North West Frontier India1915
*"World War II":
** "North West Europe":
Dyle, Defence of the Scheldt, Ypres-Comines Canal, Caen, Orne, Noyers, Mont Picton, BrieuxBridgehead, Falaise, Arnhem 1944, North West Europe1940-44
** "North Africa":
Sidi Barrani, Djebel Kesskiss, Medjez Plain, Gueriat el Atch Ridge, Gab Gab Gap, North Africa1943
** "Italy": Landing in
Sicily, Sicily1943 Anzio, Carroceto, Rome, Advance to Tiber, Gothic Line, Marradi, Italy1943 and Italy1944-45,
Chindits1944, Burma1943 and Burma1944
*"Post-WWII": Gulf 1991,
Wadi al Batin
Victoria Cross Winners (External Links)
Thomas Barratt, 7th Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment
John Daniel Baskeyfield, The South Staffordshire Regiment
Anthony Clarke Booth, 80th Regiment (later The South Staffordshire Regiment)
Robert Henry Cain, The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, attached to The South Staffordshire Regiment
George Albert Cairns, The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's), attached to The South Staffordshire Regiment
John Carmichael, 9th Battalion, The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales')
William Harold Coltman1st/6th Battalion, The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales')
Thomas Flinn, 64th Regiment (later The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales'))
Edward Elers Delaval Henderson, The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales')
Arthur Forbes Gordon Kilby, 2nd Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment
John Thomas, 2/5th Battalion, The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales')
John Franks Vallentin, 1st Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment
Samuel Wassall, 80th Regiment (later The South Staffordshire Regiment)
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