Year 1378 was a
common year starting on Friday(link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Events of 1378
January - June
* March - In
England, John Wycliffetries to promote his ideas for Catholic reform by laying his theses before parliament and making them public in a tract. He is subsequently summoned before Archbishop of Canterbury, Simon of Sudbury, at the episcopal palace at Lambethto defend his actions.
April 9- Following the death of Pope Gregory XIand riots in Romecalling for a Roman pope, the cardinals, who are mostly French, elect Pope Urban VI(Bartolomeo Prignano, Archbishop of Bari) as the 202nd Pope.
July - December
*July - Revolt of the Ciompi - discontent wool carders briefly take over the government of
Florence. For the first time, a European government represents all social classes.
August 4- Gian Galeazzo Viscontisucceeds his father, Galeazzo II Visconti, as ruler of Milan.
September 20- Unhappy with Pope Urban's critical attitude towards them, the majority of the cardinals meet at Fondiand elect Clement VII as antipopeand establish a rival papal court at Avignon. This split within the Catholic Church becomes known as the Western Schism.
November 10- Estimated appearance date of Halley's Comet.
November 29- Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, is succeeded by his son, Wenceslaus.
* Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV visits his nephew
Charles V of Franceto publicly celebrate the friendship between their two nations.
* The Papacy makes a permanent move back from
Avignonto Rome, ending the Avignon Papacy.
France, Aragon, Castile and León, Cyprus, Burgundy, Savoy, Naplesand Scotlandchoose to recognise Antipope Clement VII. Denmark, England, Flanders, the Holy Roman Empire, Hungary, northern Italy, Ireland, Norway, Polandand Swedencontinue to recognise Pope Urban VI.
* Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow & Vladimir resists a small invasion by the
Mongol Blue Horde.
Tokhtamyshdethrones Timur Malik as Khan of the White Horde.
Kara Osmanestablishes the Turkomans of the White Sheep dynasty at Diyarbakırin present-day southeast Turkey.
* The Turks capture the town of
Ihtimanin west Bulgaria.
Uskhal Khansucceeds his father, Biligtü Khan, as ruler of the Yuan Dynastyin Mongolia.
Balša IIsucceeds his father, Durađ I, as ruler of Zeta (now Montenegro).
* Tai Bian succeeds Zhao Bing Fa as King of
Mong Mao(now northern Myanmar).
* Da'ud Shah succeeds his assassinated nephew, Aladdin Mujahid Shah, as Bahmani Sultan in present-day southern
India. Da'ud Shah is assassinated in the same year and is succeeded by Mohammed Shah II.
* Sa'im al-Dahr is hanged for blowing the nose off the Sphinx.
August 16- Hongxi Emperorof China (died 1425)
October 24- David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay(died 1402)
December 31- Pope Callixtus III(died 1458)
Vittorino da Feltre, Italian humanist (died 1446)
Lorenzo Ghiberti, Italian sculptor and metal-worker (died 1455)
John Hardyng, English chronicler (died 1465)
February 6- Jeanne de Bourbon, queen of Charles V of France(born 1338)
March 27- Pope Gregory XI
* July -
Owain Lawgoch, titular Prince of Wales- assassinated (born "circa" 1330)
August 4- Galeazzo II Visconti, Lord of Milan (born c. 1320)
August 16- San Rocco di Venezia, patron saint of pestilence (born 1340)
November 29- Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor(born 1316)
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