Wellington Railway Station
image_caption=Wellington Railway Station Frontage at night
address=Bunny Street, Wellington
North Island Main Trunk Wairarapa Line
zone=1 [cite web |url=http://www.metlink.org.nz/story21116.php? |title=Text description of fare zone boundaries |accessdate=2007-11-27 |accessmonthday= |accessdaymonth= |accessyear= |author=Metlink |last= |first= |authorlink=Public transport in Wellington |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher=Greater Wellington Regional Council |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= ]
WellingtonRailway Station is the southern terminus of New Zealand's North Island Main Trunkrailway, Wairarapa Lineand Johnsonville Line. In terms of number of services and in passenger numbers, it is New Zealand's busiest railway station.
When completed in
1937it was New Zealand’s largest building. The land upon which it is built is reclaimed, and it was the first major New Zealand structure to incorporate a significant measure of earthquake resistance. It was constructed by Fletcher Buildingas one of its first major construction projects. It was designed by New Zealander W. Gray Young, famous for his neo-Georgian styles.
When it opened, Wellington's two former stations closed: Lambton, built by New Zealand Government Railways to serve the
Wairarapaline; and Thorndon, built by the Wellington and Manawatu RailwayCompany to serve what became the North Island Main Trunkvia Johnsonville.
It has a steel frame encased in reinforced concrete and supported on groups of reinforced concrete piles. Bricks used for the outer cladding are of a special design, with slots to accommodate vertical rods reinforcing the brickwork and binding it to the structural members. It required 1.75 million bricks, plus 1500 tonnes of decorative granite and marble. The station is registered as a Category I Historic Place. [cite web|title=Register of Historic Places|url=http://www.historic.org.nz/Register/ListingDetail.asp?RID=1452&sm=|publisher=New Zealand Historic Places Trust|accessdate=2008-07-08]
It was built to accommodate the head office of the
New Zealand Railways Departmentand was the head office of its successors, the New Zealand Railways Corporation, New Zealand Rail Ltd and Tranz Rail, until the latter moved to Takapuna, Auckland. ONTRACKand KiwiRail, the government's rail infrastructure owner and train operator, occupy the east wing, Victoria University of Wellingtonthe west wing.
4 December 2006the New World Railway Metro supermarket opened on the ground floor. This coincided with considerable renovation of the station's interior and exterior, and the closure of the Railway Kioskand the American Hotdog vendor.
The station copes with large daily passenger numbers with very little alteration having proved necessary.In its first year, 7,600 passengers made 15,200 trips on 140 trains daily. Today, 22,000 passengers make 44,000 trips on 390 trains, excluding long-distance services.
The following services use the station;
Tranz Metrosuburban trains to Johnsonville, Hutt Valley and Paraparaumu/Kapiti
Tranz Metro's Wairarapa Connectionto Masterton
Tranz Scenic's Capital Connection to Palmerston North
Tranz Scenic's Overlander long-distance service to Auckland
The following Bus services use the station from platform 9;
*Interislander's bus shuttles to the ferry terminal
*Intercity and Newmans long-distance coaches
Lambton Interchange Bus Terminal
The Lambton Interchange Bus Terminal, which services most Wellington bus routes, is connected to Wellington Railway Station by a subway under Featherston St.
This interchange is also commonly known as the Railway Station Bus Terminal
The following bus routes service the bus terminalstation;
*1: Island Bay
*4: Happy Valley
*8: Kowhai Park
*9: Aro Street
*10: Newtown Park
*14: Wilton - Kilbirnie
*17: Victoria University
*20: Mt Victoria
*21: Wrights Hill - Vogeltown
*22: Mairangi - Southgate
*23: Mairangi - Southgate/Houghton Bay
*24: Miramar Heights via Evans Bay
*30: Seatoun Express
*31: Miramar Express
*32: Island Bay Express
*43: Khandallah - Strathmore
*44: Khandallah - Strathmore
*45: Khandallah via Ngaio
*54: Churton Park
*55: Grenada Village
*83: Eastbourne via Lower Hutt
*85: Eastbourne Express
*91: Airport Flyer
Rail transport in New Zealand
Public transport in Wellington
* [http://www.historic.org.nz/Register/ListingDetail.asp?RID=1452&sm= Listing in Register of Historic Places]
* [http://www.historic.org.nz/Register/ListingDetail.asp?RID=1452&sm= Entry in New Zealand Historic Places Trust Register]
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