The Spanish word Ranchería refers to the workers' quarters of a "
rancho", and has become extended into English to mean a native village. In English, it refers to the residential area of a " rancho", typically housing aboriginal ranch hands and their families. The Wayuutribes in northern Colombiacall their villages "Rancherías".
The Columbia Encyclopedia describes it as:
:"a type of communal settlement formerly characteristic of the Yaqui Indians of Sonora, Mexico, and of various small Native American groups of the SW United States, especially in California. These clusters of dwellings were less permanent than the pueblos (see Pueblo) but more so than the camps of the migratory Native Americans" [http://www.bartleby.com/65/ra/rancheri.html] .
California, the term refers to a total of 59 Indian settlements established by the U.S. Government, 54 of them between 1906 and 1934, for the survivors of the aboriginal population. San Diego State University maintains a reference titled "California Indians and Their Reservations: An Online Dictionary". It says: :"Rancherias are a particular California institution. A small area of land was set aside around an Indian settlement to create a Rancheria. Some Rancherias developed from small communities of Indians formed on the outskirts of American settlements who were fleeing Americans or avoiding removal to the reservations."
:"With the passage of Public Law 83-280 in the mid-1950s, terminating federal supervision and control over California tribes, some 40 rancherias lost the right to certain federal programs, and their lands no longer had the protection of federal status. In 1983, a lawsuit resulted in restoring federal recognition to 17 rancherias, with others still waiting for the reversal of their termination. [http://infodome.sdsu.edu/research/guides/calindians/calinddictqs.shtml] "
The word migrated north with the 49ers to the
Fraser Canyon Gold Rushin an adapted form, " rancherie". It survives in British Columbia as a somewhat archaic but still commonly used word, in rural areas and small towns, as well as in general First Nations English usage, meaning the residential area of an Indian Reserve. It especially means the historical residential area, as opposed to newer subdivisions. It was further extended to refer to other non-white residential communities, such as the Kanaka Rancheriein early Vancouver, British Columbia, which came to house the city's Kanaka(Hawaiian) residents. In an even more truncated form, "The Ranche" was used to refer to the Tlingitportion of Sitka, Alaska.
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Look at other dictionaries:
Rancheria — Ran che*ri a (r[.a]n ch[asl] r[=e] [.a]), n. [Sp. rancheria.] 1. A dwelling place of a ranchero. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. A small settlement or collection of ranchos, or rude huts, esp. for Indians. [Sp. Amer. & Southwestern U. S.] [Webster 1913… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
ranchería — (ranchería [ran,f ería] < rancho [see above] and the collective suffix ería) Bentley: 1844. Generally, an Indian encampment (usually Apache). Watts notes that it occasionally referred to a ranch s headquarters, and Bentley indicates that it … Vocabulario Vaquero
ranchería — sustantivo femenino 1. Origen: Venezuela. Choza rústica y grande. 2. Origen: Venezuela. Conjunto de estas chozas … Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española
ranchería — f. Conjunto de ranchos (ǁ chozas que forman como un lugar) … Diccionario de la lengua española
Ranchería — ► sustantivo femenino 1 Agrupación de chozas o ranchos que forman un poblado. SINÓNIMO aduar 2 MILITAR Cocina de los cuarteles. 3 México Pueblo pequeño. * * * ranchería f. Agrupación de *chozas o ranchos que forman un *poblado; por ejemplo, de… … Enciclopedia Universal
rancheria — ran·che·ri·a (răn chə rēʹə) n. Southwestern U.S. 1. a. A Mexican herdsman s hut. b. A village of these huts. 2. A rural Native American settlement. [American Spanish ranchería, from rancho, small farm. See ranch.] * * * … Universalium
Rancheria — Ran|che|ria [rantʃe...], die; , s [mex. span. ranchería]: kleine Siedlung in Südamerika … Universal-Lexikon
Rancheria — Ran|che|ria [rantʃe...] die; , s <aus gleichbed. mex. span. ranchería> Viehhof, kleine Siedlung (in Südamerika) … Das große Fremdwörterbuch
Rancheria — Sp Rančèrija Ap Rancheria L u. Š Kolumbijoje … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Rancheria — Sp Rančirija Ap Rancheria L u., g tė Kanadoje (Jukono teritorija) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė