name = Black-fronted Piping-guan
status = EN
status_system = iucn3.1
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
genus = "
species = "A. jacutinga"
binomial = "Aburria jacutinga"
binomial_authority = (Spix, 1825)
synonyms ="Penelope jacutinga" Spix, 1825"Pipile jacutinga" (Spix, 1825)
The Black-fronted Piping-guan, "Aburria jacutinga" (sometimes still called "Pipile jacutinga"), is a
birdin the chachalaca, guan and curassow family Cracidae. This speciesoccurs in southern Braziland adjacent Argentinaand Paraguay. It has become quite rare in recent decades due to hunting and habitat destruction(BirdLife International 2004).
It is a large bird, some 63-74 cm in length, and similar in general appearance to a slim turkey with thin neck and small head. "Aburria jacutinga" is mainly black with a bluish gloss; it has a conspicuous white wing patch bearing 3 neat rows of tiny black dots. The large crest is whitish, and it has a red throat wattle with a dark blue patch at the front. Its naked whitish eye-ring and black-feathered face and forehead are unique in its genus. The legs and feet are red.
The only piping-guan which also occurs in its range is Gray's Piping-guan ("Aburria cumanensis grayi") which barely reaches E Paraguay. This bird has a pale bluish pendulous wattle, a smaller wing patch, and an entirely naked white face and white forehead.
Formerly, "Aburria jacutinga" was considered one of the two species of piping-guan, the other being the variable "Common Piping-guan". However, analysis of
mtDNA, osteologyand biogeography(Grau "et al.", 2005) did not only show that the Wattled Guanis an aberrant hypermelanistic piping-guan, but vindicated the hypothesis than many taxa of the "Common Piping-guan" were actually distinct species. The Black-fronted Piping-guan is apparently the most basal member of its genus, but its precise relationship with the Wattled Piping-guan is not fully resolved (Grau "et al." 2005).
* Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is endangered and the criteria used
* Grau, Erwin T.; Pereira, Sérgio Luiz; Silveira, Luís Fábio; Höfling, Elizabeth & Wanjtal, Anita (2005): Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of Neotropical piping guans (Aves: Galliformes): "Pipile" Bonaparte, 1856 is synonym of "Aburria" Reichenbach, 1853. "Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution" 35: 637-645. doi|doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.12.004 [http://individual.utoronto.ca/sergiolp/pdf/MPE2005.pdf PDF fulltext]
* [http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=90&m=0 BirdLife Species Factsheet.]
ARKive: [http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/birds/Pipile_jacutinga/ Images and movies of the Black-fronted Piping-guan ("Aburria jacutinga")] . Retrieved 2007-FEB-26.
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