Adalberto Libera (
july 16, 1903- 1963) is one of the most representative architects of the Italian Modernmovement, which should not be confused with the Italian Rationalist movement, with which he only had a short-lived relationship.
Adalberto Libera was born in Villa Lagarina, near
Trentoin northern Italy. He graduated from Parma's Institute of Art in 1925 and then in 1928 from Rome's "Scuola Superiore di Architettura" He became acquainted with Futurism through his fellow Trentino Fortunato Depero. Even before graduating he was one of the founders of M.I.A.R. (Movimento Italiano per l'Architettura Razionale or “Italian Movement for Rational Architecture”) and later became its secretary. Based in Rome, MIAR was a rival organisation to Gruppo Sette, which was based in Milan and Como. He was invited by Ludwig Mies van der Roheto the 1927 Stuttgart Exhibition ( Deutscher Werkbund). In 1928 and 1931 he organised the MIAR exhibitions of "Architettura Razionale" in Rome. MIAR then dissolved.
An extremely able and talented creative architect more influenced by Futurism than Rationalism, he was also politically astute. His activity as founder and secretary of MIAR enabled him to establish a close working relationship with the high-up officials of the Fascist regime in Rome, where all the big decisions were taken about funding public construction programmes, and who were responsible for commissioning the hundreds of new public buildings required for Mussolini's modernisation programmes. Thanks to these connections he had a prolific career throughout the Fascist regime and designed many notable buildings during the 1930s, some of which are masterpieces of the international modern movement. One of the most important is his Palazzo dei Congressi (Palace of Congress) at the EUR in Rome. This building shows Libera's great ability to design ambiguously in a spare, metaphysical language that sits on a knife-edge between modernism and neo-classicism. His use of
sail vaultsin this building creates an innovative architectural space.
He also designed
Casa Malapartefor Curzio Malaparteon the island of Capri(1938), although there is continuing controversy as to whether Malaparte himself was the main designer.
During the Fascist period, all architects were legally forced to join the party; but the most successful went further and became important party members. Like his contemporaries
Giuseppe Paganoand Giuseppe Terragni, Libera's good fortune in this period was due to his close party links. After the fall of the Fascist regime and its defeat in World War II, Libera along with everyone else underwent a period of personal and professional crisis, but after living quiety for several years in his home town of Trento, he recovered and began again to work on numerous projects, including public housing and office buildings, in a new style that turned its back on Fascistic modes of expression. Many of his greatest projects are from this postwar period.
In 1954–1962 he designed and built the Regional Government building for the Trentino Region in Trento.
* Palace of Congresses at the EUR (1930's)
* Post office in via Marmorata in Roma (1932)
* Villa Malaparte a Capri (1938)
* Housing units in
* The pavilion for the
Cassa del Mezzogiornoat the Fair in Cagliari (1953)
* [http://www.darc.beniculturali.it/sitonew/ita/mostra/presentazione.html Adalberto Libera at DARC]
* [http://archnet.org/library/documents/one-document.tcl?document_id=4943 "Adalberto Libera's "Mediterranean Climate": from a Problem of Style to a Category of Dwelling." by F. Garofalo in "Environmental Design: Journal of the Islamic Environmental Design Research Centre (1990): 10-17"]
* [http://housingprototypes.org/project?File_No=ITA005 Villagio Olimpico in Rome (1960) by A. Libera] (with drawings and photos)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Adalberto Libera — Adalberto Libera … Wikipédia en Français
Adalberto Libera — (16 de julio de 1903 – 1963) fue un arquitecto italiano. Al estallar la Primera Guerra Mundial se trasladó a Parma. En 1925, después de estudiar matemáticas y arte, se inscribe en la Escuela Regia de Arquitectura de Roma. A través de Gino Pollini … Enciclopedia Universal
Adalberto Libera — Palazzo delle Poste, oficina de correos en via Marmorata (1932) en Roma … Wikipedia Español
Adalberto Libera — Die Kathedrale Cristo Re dei Secoli in La Spezia, 1956 1969 Adalberto Libera (* 16. Juli 1903 in Villa Lagarina; † 17. März 1963 in Rom) war ein in Italien bekannter Architekt, der dem Italienischen Rationalismus zugeordnet wird. Er baute in der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Adalberto — San Adalberto de Praga Origen Germánico Género Masculino … Wikipedia Español
Libera (Begriffsklärung) — Libera bezeichnet: Libera, eine römische Göttin Libera (Bootsklasse), eine Bootsklasse im Segelsport (771) Libera, ein 1913 entdeckter Asteroid Libera (Chor), moderne Chormusik St. Philip´s Boys Choir Libera, defensive Spielerposition im Fußball… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Racionalismo italiano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Casa del Fascio en Como, obra de G. Terragni El concepto de racionalismo italiano se refiere a las corrientes arquitectónicas, que a partir del futurismo se desarrollaron en Italia principalmente en la década de los… … Wikipedia Español
Casa Malaparte — Villa Malaparte Die Villa Malaparte ist eine Architekturikone, die der Architekt Adalberto Libera für den Schriftsteller Curzio Malaparte auf der italienischen Insel Capri errichten ließ. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Villa Malaparte — Villa Malaparte, 1938 1940 Die Villa Malaparte ist eine Architekturikone, die der Architekt Adalberto Libera für den Schriftsteller Curzio Malaparte auf der italienischen Insel Capri errichten ließ. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Casa Malaparte — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Casa Malaparte es una obra arquitectónica moderna de 1937 considerada por mucho tiempo como del arquitecto racionalista italiano Adalberto Libera y actualmente atribuida a su dueño, el escritor Curzio Malaparte,… … Wikipedia Español