Bacterial infections are sometimes treated with antibiotics. Examples are:
- Ciprodex ear drops containing ciprofloxacin and dexamethasone
- Gentisone HC ear drops containing gentamicin and hydrocortisone
- Ciproxin HC ear drops containing ciprofloxacin and hydrocortisone
- Sofradex ear drops containing framycetin sulfate, gramicidin, dexamethasone sodium metasulfobenzoate, phenylethyl alcohol
- Kenacomb ear drops, containing triamcinolone acetonide, neomycin and gramicidin (antibiotics) and nystatin (antifungal)
Over the counter ear drops are also available, including spirit drops (alcohol solution), which dries out the ear, and drops such as Aqua Ear (used for swimmer's ear) containing a mixture of substances such as alcohol and acetic acid, to dry the ear and make it difficult for microbes to grow.
Routes of administration / Dosage forms Oral
Ocular / Otologic / Nasal Urogenital Rectal (enteral) Dermal Injection / Infusion
- Intra-articular or intrasynovial injection
Additional explanation:Mucous membranes are used by the human body to absorb the dosage for all routes of administration, except for "Dermal" and "Injection/Infusion".
Administration routes can also be grouped as Topical (local effect) or Systemic (defined as Enteral = Digestive tract/Rectal, or Parenteral = All other routes).
Routes of administration by organ system Gastrointestinal Respiratory systemPulmonary • Nasal Visual system / Auditory systemOcular (Ocular-topical / Intravitreal / Transscleral) • Otologic (Oto-topical) Reproductive systemIntracavernous • Intravaginal • Intrauterine (Extra-amniotic) Urinary systemIntravesical Peritoneum Central nervous system Circulatory system Musculoskeletal system SkinEpicutaneous • Intradermal • Subcutaneous Otologicals (S02) Anti-infectives Corticosteroids Analgesics and anesthetics
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