- Information Telegraph Agency of Russia
The Information Telegraph Agency of Russia ( _ru. Информационное телеграфное агентство России, "Informatsionnoye telegrafnoye agentstvo Rossii"), abbr. Итар-Тасс, Itar-Tass is the major
news agencyof Russia. It is headquartered in Moscow.
Its origin is in a letter sent by Finance Minister
Vladimir Kokovtsovto foreign minister in March 1904 writing that "our trade and industrial circles, as well as the Finance Ministry, are ever more in need of an independent exchange of information with foreign countries by telegraph and of a way to make internal business developments widely-known".
In July 1904 a meeting was held about setting up an official telegraph agency, "St. Petersburg Telegraph Agency" (SPTA). Its purpose was "to distribute political, financial, economic, trade, and other information of public interest within the country and abroad...". SPTA began work as Russia's official news agency on September 1, 1904.
On August, 1914, one day after St. Petersburg was renamed Petrograd, SPTA was renamed the "Petrograd Telegraph Agency" (PTA). It was seized by
Bolshevikson November, 1917; on December, PTA is decreed to be the central information agency of the Soviet Russian Council of People's Commissars'.
On September, 1918, PTA and the Press Bureau of Council of People's Commissars' were merged into the
Russian Telegraph Agency(Rosta). From it in July 1925 the Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union( _ru. Телеграфное агентство Советского Союза, "Telegrafnoye Agentstvo Sovetskogo Soyuza", abbr. Тass) was created by decree of the Soviet Union's Supreme Soviet.
In January 1992, following the
dissolution of the Soviet Union, a Presidential Decree signed by President Boris Yeltsinre-defined status of Tass and changed its name to the "Information Telegraph Agency of Russia". In May 1994 The Russian Government adopted a resolution "On approval of the Charter of the Information Telegraph Agency of Russia", under which it operates as a central government news agency. It was wanted that the known Tass remains in the name abbreviation, so Tass became the specifier of the official name, _ru. Телеграфное агентство связи и сообщения, "Telegrafnoye agentstvo svazi i soobshcheniya", i.e. the "Telegraph Agency of Communications and Report".
It is state-owned and according to its website now produces about 700 newspaper pages per day. It has 74 bureaus and offices in Russia and other countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent Statesand 65 bureaus in 62 other countries.
According to Russian
law, Itar-Tass must be cited when its news reports are distributed by others.
* [http://www.itar-tass.com/eng Itar-Tass home pages] en
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