Iridectomy

Iridectomy
Intervention
ICD-9-CM 12.1
MeSH D032801

An iridectomy, also known as a surgical iridectomy or corectomy, is the surgical removal of part of the iris.[1][2] These procedures are most frequently performed in the treatment of closed-angle glaucoma and iris melanoma.[2]

Contents

Comparison with Nd:YAG laser iridotomy

In acute angle-closure glaucoma cases, surgical iridectomy has been superseded by Nd:YAG laser iridotomy, because the laser procedure is much safer. Opening the globe for a surgical iridectomy in a patient with high intraocular pressure greatly increases the risk of suprachoroidal hemorrhage, with potential for associated expulsive hemorrhage. Nd:YAG laser iridotomy avoids such a catastrophe by laser created hole in the iris, which facilitates flow of aqueous humor from the posterior to the anterior chamber of the eye.

Current indications

Surgical iridectomy is commonly indicated and performed in the following cases:

  • Cataract surgery in a glaucoma patient
  • Combined procedure for cataract and glaucoma
  • Acute closed-angle glaucoma
  • Posterior capsular tears with vitreous loss
  • Implantation of anterior chamber IOL.
  • Vitreoretinal procedure involving injection of silicon oil. The location of the iridectomy in such cases is at 6'O Clock, as opposed to routine iridectomy done at 11 to 1'O Clock. This is because silicon oil is lighter than water.
  • Iris trauma

Types

  • An antiphogistic iridectomy is the surgical removal of part of the iris to reduce intraocular pressure in inflammatory conditions of the eye.[1]
  • A basal iridectomy is an iridectomy which includes the root of the iris.[1]
  • An optical iridectomy is the surgical removal of part of the iris to enlarge the existing pupil, or to form an artificial pupil, when the natural pupil is ineffectual.[1]
  • A peripheral iridectomy is the surgical removal of a portion of the iris in the region of its root, leaving the pupillary margin and sphincter pupillae muscle intact.[1] It is used in the treatment of glaucoma.[2]
  • A preliminary iridectomy, or preparatory iridectomy, is the surgical removal of part of the iris preceding cataract extraction.[1] It facilitates the removal of the cataractous lens.[2]
  • A sector iridectomy, also known as a complete iridectomy or total iridectomy, is the surgical removal of a complete radial section of the iris extending from the pupillary margin to the root of the iris.[1] A key-hole pupil is left by the removal of a wedge-shaped section of iris.[3]
  • A stenopeic iridectomy is the surgical removal of a narrow slit or a minute portion of the iris, leaving the sphincter pupillae muscle intact.[1]
  • A therapeutic iridectomy is the surgical removal of a portion of the iris for the cure or prevention of an ocular disease.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Cline D; Hofstetter HW; Griffin JR. Dictionary of Visual Science. 4th ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston 1997. ISBN 0-7506-9895-0
  2. ^ a b c d Surgery Encyclopedia - "Iridectomy." Encyclopedia of Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Caregivers. Retrieved May 20, 2006.
  3. ^ Cassin, B. and Solomon, S. Dictionary of Eye Terminology. Gainsville, Florida: Triad Publishing Company, 1990.

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iridectomy — Ir i*dec to*my, n. [Gr. ?, ?, iris + ? cutting out; ? out + te mnein to cut.] (Surg.) The act or process of cutting out a portion of the iris in order to form an artificial pupil. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • iridectomy — [ir΄i dek′tə mē, ī΄ridek′tə mē] n. pl. iridectomies [ IRID(O) + ECTOMY] the surgical removal of part of the iris of the eye …   English World dictionary

  • iridectomy — /ir i dek teuh mee, uy ri /, n., pl. iridectomies. Surg. excision of part of the iris. [1850 55; IRID + ECTOMY] * * * …   Universalium

  • iridectomy — noun Removal of part or all of the iris of the eye …   Wiktionary

  • iridectomy — 1. Excision of a portion of the iris. 2. The hole in the iris produced by a surgical i.. [irido + G. ektome, excision] buttonhole i. SYN: peripheral i.. optical i. i. performed for the purpose of improving vision by making an artificial pupi …   Medical dictionary

  • iridectomy — n. surgical removal of part of the iris of the eye (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • iridectomy — iri·dec·to·my …   English syllables

  • iridectomy — n. an operation on the eye in which a part of the iris is removed …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • iridectomy — ir•i•dec•to•my [[t]ˌɪr ɪˈdɛk tə mi, ˌaɪ rɪ [/t]] n. pl. mies srg excision of part of the iris • Etymology: 1850–55 …   From formal English to slang

  • iridectomy — noun an eye operation that treats closed angle glaucoma by surgical removal of part of the iris of the eye • Hypernyms: ↑eye operation, ↑eye surgery …   Useful english dictionary


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