A moron in a hurry

A moron in a hurry

"A moron in a hurry" is a hypothetical person against whom a claimant's concern might be judged in an English law civil action for passing off or trademark infringement. The expression is used to reject a claim that two items could reasonably be confused by a passer-by (i.e. that even a moron in a hurry would notice the difference), on the grounds that the items are so different that the goodwill and brand of the claimant's item cannot genuinely be affected by the existence of the other.

Case law

It appears to have been used first by Mr Justice Foster in the 1978 English legal case of Morning Star Cooperative Society v Express Newspapers Limited [1979] FSR 113.[1] In this case, the publishers of the Morning Star, a British Communist party publication, sought an injunction to prevent Express Newspapers from launching their new tabloid, which was to be called the Daily Star. The judge was unsympathetic. He asked whether the plaintiffs could show:

a misrepresentation express or implied that the newspaper to be published by the defendants is connected with the plaintiffs' business and that as a consequence damage is likely to result to the plaintiffs

and stated that:

if one puts the two papers side by side I for myself would find that the two papers are so different in every way that only a moron in a hurry would be misled.

In the same year, it was quoted in the same context in the case of Newsweek Inc. v. British Broadcasting Corp. [1979] R.P.C. 441 by Lord Denning.

The phrase was considered in Canada in C.M.S. Industries Ltd. v. UAP Inc., 2002 SKQB 303, where the court ruled that UAP had infringed the plaintiff's trademark.[2] It has also been considered by other Canadian courts, which have approved of the "moron in a hurry" analysis.

The phrase was revived by lawyers for Apple Computer in that company's most recent legal dispute with The Beatles' record label Apple Corps, over the appearance of Apple Computer's apple logo at certain times when using Apple Computer's iTunes Music Store (see Apple Corps v. Apple Computer). The lawyers have publicly argued that iTunes, as a music distributor, cannot be confused with the record label Apple Corps.[3] However, this dispute does not directly concern passing off, which requires an assessment of misrepresentation and damage. Instead, Apple Corps contends that Apple has breached the terms of a previous trademark settlement agreement. In 1991, Apple Computer agreed not to use its logo in connection with music content. Apple (which in 2007 dropped “Computer” from its corporate name and is now known as “Apple, Inc.“)[4] now argues that iTunes does not offer "content" as it does not produce its own music.

Attorney Marc J. Randazza cited "A moron in a hurry" as a defense in Beck v. Eiland-Hall for his client's use of Glenn Beck's name in a parody website.


  1. ^ Jeffrey Miller (2003) "Where There's Life, There's Lawsuits", ISBN 1-55022-501-4, pp. 125, 126
  2. ^ CanLII - 2002 SKQB 303 (CanLII)
  3. ^ Techdirt: Apple Lawyers Try The Ever Popular Morons In A Hurry Test
  4. ^ [dead link] "Form 8-K SEC Filing" (pdf). January 10, 2007. http://ccbn.10kwizard.com/xml/download.php?format=PDF&ipage=4589126[dead link]. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 

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