Edward Nicolae Luttwak (born 1942) is an American military strategist and historian who has published works on
military strategy, history and international relations.
Luttwak was born into a Jewish family in Arad,
Romania, raised in Italyand England. He attended the London School of Economicsand Johns Hopkins University, where he received a doctorate. His first academic post, before moving to the United States, was at the University of Bath. In 2008, he became a Senior Advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studiesin Washington, D.C..
He has served as a consultant to the Office of the
Secretary of Defense, the National Security Council, the US Department of State, the US Navy, US Army, US Air Force, and several NATO defense ministries. He was a member of the National Security Study Groupof the US Department of Defense, and an associate of the JapanFinance Ministry's Institute of Fiscal and Monetary Policy. With three other partners, he established and operated a self-sufficient forest-conservation ranch in the southern Amazon basin.
Luttwak has been a frequent
lecturerand consultant, and is known for his unorthodox policy ideas, suggesting for example that major powers' attempts to quell regional wars actually make conflicts more protracted. [cite journal |last=Luttwak |first=Edward |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1999 |month=July/August |title=Give War a Chance |journal=Foreign Affairs |volume=78 |issue=4 |pages=36–44 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote= ] His book "" is perhaps his best-known work; it has been reprinted numerous times, and translated into 14 languages. His "" is widely used as a textbook on the subject.Fact|date=June 2008
The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire from the First Century AD to the Third" is controversial among professional historians. Luttwak is seen as an outsider and non-specialist in the field. However, his book has raised questions about the Roman armyand its defense of the Roman frontier. Luttwak asked "How did the Romans defend the frontier?", a question that he argued had been lost in the professional discourse that focused on demographics, economics and sociology. Although many professional historians reject his views on Roman strategy, his 1976 book has increased interest in the study of the Roman frontiers.Fact|date=June 2008 Since the 1980s he has published articles on Byzantium and is the author of the forthcoming "Grand Strategy of the Byzantine Empire". (For a summary of his thesis and its criticisms, see Defence-in-depth (Roman military).)
Luttwak, during his childhood, spent a few years in
Italy, traveling between Palermo, in Sicily, and Milan. He speaks Italian and is frequently cited by Italian media on political subjects.Fact|date=June 2008 He has also co-authored two books in Italian with Susanna Creperio Verratti, (a political philosopher and journalist): "Che cos’è davvero la democrazia" ("What Democracy really Is"), 1996 and "Il libro delle Libertà" ("The Book of Liberties"), 2000.
He served on the editorial boards of "
Geopolitique" (France), the " Journal of Strategic Studies", and the " Washington Quarterly". He speaks English, French, Hebrew, Italian, Spanish and other languages.
In addition to his persona as a "public intellectual," Luttwak is also an independent intelligence operative who is involved in clandestine activities that include "field operations, extraditions, arrests, interrogations (never, he insists, using physical violence), military consulting and counterterrorism training for different agencies of the U.S., foreign governments and private interests," he told Laura Rozen of the weekly "Forward" newspaper. [ [http://www.forward.com/articles/13515/ The Operator: The Double Life of a Military Strategist - Forward.com" ] ]
Against humanitarian intervention
He argued that humanitarian intervention should not happen at all. He claimed that it might be best for all parties to let minor wars burn themselves out.Fact|date=April 2008
May 12 2008, the " New York Times" published an opinion piece by Luttwak which claimed that U.S. presidential candidate Barack Obama, who has identified himself as a Christian, was instead Muslim by birth because his father's family was of that religion. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/12/opinion/12luttwak.html?ref=opinion http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/12/opinion/12luttwak.html?ref=opinion] ] Luttwak argued that should Obama be elected, he would further damage American standing with the Islamic world, as he would be considered an " apostate".
Many readers of the "New York Times" website chastised Luttwak for "spreading ignorance and bigotry" about Islam. [ [http://community.nytimes.com/article/comments/2008/05/12/opinion/12luttwak.html?permid=142#comment142 http://community.nytimes.com/article/comments/2008/05/12/opinion/12luttwak.html?permid=142#comment142] ] Some pointed out that according to Islamic tradition, one has to embrace Islam as an adult, before rejecting it, to be considered an apostate. Additionally, it has been argued that since Obama's father had abandoned his family, Islamic law dictated that his mother's religion, Christianity, was controlling on any offspring. [ [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ali-eteraz/obama-islam-smear-changes_b_101337.html http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ali-eteraz/obama-islam-smear-changes_b_101337.html] ]
On June 1, 2008, the public editor of the "Times,"
Clark Hoyt, wrote that he had interviewed five Muslim scholars who all argued that Luttwak's article was misleading, as it held a "rigid, simplistic view of Islam that failed to take into account its many strains and the subtleties of its religious law, which is separate from the secular laws in almost all Islamic nations." [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/01/opinion/01pubed.html The Public Editor - Entitled to Their Opinions, Yes. But Their Facts? - Op-Ed - NYTimes.com ] ]
A Dictionary of Modern War" (London, 1971), ISBN 0-7139-0130-6
The Strategic Balance, 1972" (New York, 1972), ISBN 0-912050-33-0
The Political Uses of Sea Power" (Baltimore, 1974), ISBN 0-8018-1658-0
The US - USSR Nuclear Weapons Balance" (Beverly Hills, 1974), ISBN 0-8039-0096-1
The Grand Strategy of the Roman Empire from the First Century AD to the Third" (Baltimore, 1976), ISBN 0-8018-2158-4
* "" (California, 1976), ISBN 0-8039-0659-5
* ""  (London, 1979), ISBN 0-674-17547-6
* "" (California, 1979), ISBN 0-8191-6010-5
The Israeli Army" (with Dan Horowitz) (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1983), ISBN 0-06-012723-6
The Grand Strategy of the Soviet Union" (London, 1983), ISBN 0-312-34260-8
The Pentagon and the Art of War" (New York, 1984), ISBN 0-671-61770-2
Strategy and History" (New Jersey, 1985), ISBN 0-88738-065-4
* "' (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1987), ISBN 0-674-00703-4
* "" (New York, 1993), ISBN 0-671-86963-9
* "" (New York, 1999), ISBN 0-06-019330-1
* "" Rev.Enlarged Edition (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2002)ISBN-13: 978-0674007031
*Edward Luttwak, [http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:np4Zb0FpHEYJ:www.ciaonet.org/olj/fa/fa_99lue01.html+Edward+Luttwak+Foreign+Affairs+July/August+1999&hl=en&lr=&strip=1 Give War a Chance] ,
Foreign Affairs, July 1999.
*Edward Luttwak, [http://www.comw.org/pda/fulltext/0512luttwak.pdf Iraq: The Logic of Disengagement] ,
Foreign Affairs, January 2005.
*Edward Luttwak, [http://www.prospect-magazine.co.uk/article_details.php?id=9302 The middle of nowhere] , rospect, May 2007.
Corey Robin, [http://www3.iath.virginia.edu/lists_archive/sixties-l/2776.html The Ex-Cons: Right-Wing Thinkers Go Left!] , an analysis containing several pages on Luttwak's life and thought.
*Interview with Edward Luttwak, [http://globetrotter.berkeley.edu/conversations/Luttwak/luttwak-con0.html Conversation with Edward Luttwak] ,
Conversations with History, March 1987.
*Interview with Edward Luttwak, [http://globetrotter.berkeley.edu/people7/Luttwak/luttwak-con0.html The Logic of Strategy and U.S. Foreign Policy] ,
Conversations with History, November 2007.
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