Ice cream cone

An ice-cream cone or cornet is a cone-shaped pastry, usually made of a wafer similar in texture to a waffle, in which ice cream is served, allowing it to be eaten without a bowl or spoon. Various types of ice-cream cones include waffle cones, cake cones (or wafer cones), pretzel cones, and sugar cones.

History

An early printed reference to an edible cone is in "Mrs A. B. Marshall's Cookery Book", written in 1888 by celebrated cookery writer Agnes Marshall. Her recipe for "Cornet with Cream" says that - "the cornets were made with almonds and baked in the oven, not pressed between irons". She adds - "these cornets can also be filled with any cream or water ice or set custard or fruits, and served for a dinner, luncheon, or supper dish". Mrs Marshall was an influential innovator and greatly popularised ice cream in Britain. She published two recipe books [cite web|url=http://whatscookingamerica.net/History/IceCream/IceCreamCone.htm|title=History of Ice Cream Cone|last=Stradley|first=Linda|publisher=What's Cooking America|accessdate=2008-05-13] [cite web|url=http://www.historicfood.com/Ice%20Cream%20Cone.htm|title=An 1807 Ice Cream Cone: Discovery and Evidence|last=Weir|first=Robert|publisher=Historic Food|accessdate=2008-05-13] specifically about ice cream and also patented an ice-cream making machine.

In the United States, ice-cream cones were popularized in the first decade of the 20th century. On December 13, 1903, a New Yorker named Italo Marchioni received U.S. patent No. 746971 for a mold for making pastry cups to hold ice cream; he claimed that he has been selling ice cream in edible pastry holders since 1896. Contrary to popular belief, his patent was not for a cone and he lost the lawsuits that he filed against cone manufacturers for patent infringement.

The amazing waffle cone was invented by Alfred Waffle!

The ice cream cone was invented in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904 at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition-- not in New Jersey. According to one legend, a Syrian pastry maker, Ernst Hamwi, who was selling "zalabia", a crisp pastry cooked in a hot waffle-patterned press came to the aid of a neighboring ice cream vendor (perhaps Arnold Fornachou) who had run out of dishes; Hamwi rolled a warm "zalabia" into a cone that could hold ice cream. However, numerous vendors sold pastries at the World's Fair, and several of them claimed to have invented the ice-cream cone, citing a variety of inspirations. Hamwi's story is largely based on a letter he wrote in 1928 to the "Ice Cream Trade Journal", long after he had established the Cornucopia Waffle Company (later the Missouri Cone Company). Nationally, by that time, the ice-cream cone industry was producing some 250 million cones a year.

The owners of Doumar's Cones and BBQ in Norfolk, Virginia claim that their uncle, Abe Doumar, sold the first ice-cream cones at the St. Louis World's Fair. Other World's Fair vendors who claimed to have invented the cone include Nick and Albert Kabbaz, David Avayou, and Charles and Frank Menches.

The first cones were rolled by hand but, in 1912, Frederick Bruckman, an inventor from Portland, Oregon, patented a machine for rolling ice-cream cones. He sold his company to Nabisco in 1928. Nabisco is still producing ice-cream cones, as it has been since 1928. Independent ice-cream providers such as Ben & Jerry's make their own ice-cream cones.

The idea of selling a frozen ice-cream cone - so that the cone and the ice-cream could be one item, storable in a freezer - had long been a dream of ice-cream makers, but it wasn't until 1959 that Spica, an Italian ice-cream manufacturer based in Naples, conquered the problem of the ice-cream making the cone go soggy. Spica invented a process, whereby the inside of the waffle cone was insulated from the ice-cream by a layer of oil, sugar and chocolate. Spica registered the name Cornetto in 1960. Initial sales were poor, but in 1976 Unilever bought out Spica and began a mass-marketing campaign throughout Europe. It is now one of the most popular ice creams in the world.Fact|date=February 2007

In recent years, some brands have started to produce something very similar to the traditional ice-cream cone, but with a flat bottom, which enables it to stand upright without danger of falling. These new types of wafer cup are called "kiddie cups" or "cool cups".

A variety of cone exists that allows two scoops of ice cream to be served side by side, instead of the usual straight up order. [http://justinsomnia.org/images/french-double-ice-cream-cone.jpg]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ice cream cone — ice cream .cone n a hard thin cooked cake shaped like a ↑cone, that you put ice cream in, or one of these with ice cream in it …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • ice-cream cone — ice cream ,cone noun count a hard thin COOKIE shaped like a CONE, that you can put ice cream in, or one of these with ice cream in it …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • ice-cream cone — ice′ cream cone n. 1) coo a thin, crisp, hollow conical wafer for holding ice cream 2) coo such a cone with ice cream in it • Etymology: 1900–05 …   From formal English to slang

  • ice-cream cone — noun ice cream in a crisp conical wafer • Hypernyms: ↑frozen dessert * * * noun : a crisp conical wafer usually about five inches long holding ice cream * * * /uys kreem / 1. a thin, crisp, hollow conical wafer for holding one or more scoops of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • ice-cream cone — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms ice cream cone : singular ice cream cone plural ice cream cones a hard thin biscuit shaped like a cone, that you can put ice cream in, or one of these with ice cream in it …   English dictionary

  • ice cream cone — noun a) A thin, conical confection baked from crepe batter, sealed at its apex, used to hold ice cream while it is being eaten. b) Any sweet, edible cone or half open cylinder which can be used in this fashion; often made with wafer or waffle… …   Wiktionary

  • ice-cream cone — noun Date: 1909 a thin crisp edible cone for holding ice cream; also one filled with ice cream …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ice-cream cone — /uys kreem / 1. a thin, crisp, hollow conical wafer for holding one or more scoops of ice cream. 2. such a cone with the ice cream it contains. [1900 05] * * * …   Universalium

  • ice-cream cone — /ˈaɪs krim koʊn/ (say uys kreem kohn) noun 1. a cone shaped edible wafer designed to hold ice cream. 2. such a wafer holding ice cream …   Australian English dictionary

  • ice-cream cone — edible cone shaped object used for holding ice cream …   English contemporary dictionary


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