1553

Year 1553 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events of 1553

January - June

* May - The first Royal Charter is granted to St. Albans.
* June 26 - Christ's Hospital and King Edward's School, Witley are created by Royal Charter.

July - December

* July 6 - Edward VI of England dies.
* July 9 - Battle of Sievershausen: Prince-elector Maurice of Saxony defeats the Catholic forces of Margrave Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. Maurice is mortally wounded.
* July 10 - Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England - a position she holds for the next nine days.
* July 18 - The Lord Mayor of London proclaims Queen Mary as the rightful Queen; Lady Jane Grey willingly abdicates.
* July 19 - Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after having that title for just nine days.

* August 3 - Queen Mary arrives in London.
* August 22 - The Duke of Northumberland, a supporter of Jane Grey, is executed.

* September - Protestant bishops in England are arrested and Roman Catholic bishops are restored.
* September 23 - The Sadians consolidate their power in Morocco by defeating the last of their enemies.
* October 27 - Calvinists burn Michael Servetus as a heretic in Geneva.
* December 25 - Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.

Undated

* Russia: The maritime way of the White sea is opened by the English explorer Richard Chancellor, beginning the trade with England.
* Shanghai is fortified for the first time.
* In the Ming Dynasty of China, the addition of a new section of the Outer City is completed in southern Beijing, bringing the overall size of Beijing to 4 by 4½ miles.

Births

* January 22 - Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)
* May 7 - Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia (d. 1618)
* May 14 - Margaret of Valois, queen of Henry IV of France (d. 1615)
* July 15 - Archduke Ernest of Austria (d. 1595)
* October 18? - Luca Marenzio, Italian composer (d. 1599)
* November 23 - Prospero Alpini, Italian physician and botanist (d. 1617)
* December 13 - King Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
*"date unknown"
**Patriarch Filaret of Moscow and All Rus' (d. 1633)
**Giovanni Florio, English writer and translator (d. 1625)
**Richard Hakluyt, English author, editor and translator (b. c. 1552 or 1553; d. 1616)
**Jasper Heywood, English translator of Seneca (d. 1598)
**Amago Katsuhisa, Japanese nobleman (d. 1578)
**Pierre de Rostegny, French jurist (d. 1631)
**William Russell, 1st Baron Russell of Thornhaugh, English military leader (d. 1613)
**Jacques Auguste de Thou, French historian (d. 1617)

Deaths

* February 19 - Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1511)
* February 25 - Hirate Masahide, Japanese diplomat and tutor of Oda Nobunaga (suicide) (b. 1492)
* April 9 - François Rabelais, French writer
*May 5 - Erasmus Alberus, German humanist (b. 1500)
* May 28 - Johannes Aal, Swiss theologian (b. 1500)
* July 6 - King Edward VI of England (b. 1537)
* July 9 - Maurice, Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
* August 8 - Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician (b. 1478)
* August 22 - John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland (b. 1501)
* October 7 - Cristóbal de Morales, Spanish composer (b. 1500)
* October 16 - Lucas Cranach the Elder, German painter (b. 1472)
* October 27 - Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian (burned at the stake) (b. 1511)
* October 30 - Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)
*"date unknown" - George Joye English Protestant bible translator (b. c. 1495)


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