5 December 1969, the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhiannounced in the Lok Sabhathe Government's decision to set up a new Refinery-cum- Petrochemicalcomplex in Assam. The foundation stone of the complex was laid on 19th January 1972 at Bongaigaon. Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited(BRPL) was incorporated as Government of IndiaUndertaking under the administrative control of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas on 20th February 1974. The company became a subsidiary of IndianOil( IOC) on 29th of March 2001 after disinvestments of share by Govt of India.
BRPL has the unique distinction of being the first indigenous grass root Refinery in the country integrated with a Petrochemical complex at one location
At present, the Refinery is processing crude available from the oil fields of
ONGCand OIL located in the North-East India and Ravva crude oil from the Krishna-Godavari basin off the coast of Andhra Pradesh.
The capacity of the Refinery was augmented in
1995to 2.35 MMTPA(51,400 BPSD) through expansion of the Refinery comprising of one Crude Distillation Unit (CDU-II) and one Delayed Coking Unit (DCU-II). A LPGbottling plant of capacity 22000 MTPA was added to the complex and commissioned on March 2003.
When oil was found in Assam in the 1960s, the Assamese wanted this refined within the state. But Assamese consumption of products was tiny: most of the consumption would be in West Bengal and Bihar. So the government decided to pump Assamese crude to a refinery at Barauni, Bihar. However, Assamese students protested, and blockaded oil supply in 1980. A committee was appointed to suggest a new refining location within Assam. The students thought this would be near the oilfields. Instead the committee suggested Bongaigaon, far away from the oilfields and as close as possible to West Bengal, which would consume most of the products. This was a compromise between the politics and economics of refinery location. Fact|date=June 2008
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