- Bay Laurel
name = Bay Laurel
image_caption = Bay Laurel ("Laurus nobilis") flower buds and leaves
genus = "
species = "L. nobilis"
binomial = "Laurus nobilis"
binomial_authority = L.|
The Bay Laurel ("Laurus nobilis",
Lauraceae), also known as True Laurel, Sweet Bay, Grecian Laurel, Laurel, or Bay Tree, is an aromatic evergreen treeor large shrubreaching 10–18 m tall, native to the Mediterranean region.
The leaves are 6–12 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, with a characteristic finely serrated and wrinkled margin. It is dioecious, with male and female
flowers on separate plants; each flower is pale yellow-green, about 1 cm diameter, borne in pairs together beside a leaf ( Herb). The fruitis a small black berry about 1 cm long, containing a single seed.
Uses and symbolism
Bay Laurel is the source of the bay leaves which are used for their flavour in cooking. It was also the source of the
laurel wreathof ancient Greece, and therefore the expression of "resting on one's laurels". A wreath of bay laurels was given as the prize at the Pythian Gamesbecause the games were in honor of Apolloand the laurel was one of his symbols ever since his unsuccessful pursuit of Daphne. In the Bible, the sweet-bay is often an emblem of prosperity and fame. In Christianity it is said to symbolize the Resurrection of Christ and the triumph of Humanity thereby. It is also the source of the word " baccalaureate" (laurel berry), and of " poet laureate". Some evidence from the medical literature supports Bay Laurel having these uses:
* Antioxidative: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12946729&query_hl=20&itool=pubmed_docsum "Fitoterapia". 2003 Sep;74(6):613-6.]
* Analgesic and anti-inflammatory: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12916069&query_hl=20&itool=pubmed_docsum "Phytother Res". 2003 Aug;17(7):733-6.]
* Anticonvulsant (antiepileptic): [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12046861&query_hl=20&itool=pubmed_docsum "Phytomedicine". 2002 Apr;9(3):212-6.]
Chinese folklorethere is a great laurel tree on the moon, and the Chinese name for the laurel, (zh-t|t=月桂), literally translates to "moon-laurel". This is the subject of a story of Wu Gang, a man who aspired to immortality and neglected his work. When the deities discovered this they sentenced Wu Gang to fell the laurel tree, whereupon he could join the ranks of the deities; however, since the laurel regenerated immediately when cut, it could never be felled. The phrase (zh-s|s=吴刚伐木) ("Wu Gang felling the tree") is sometimes used to refer to endless toil, analogous to Sisyphusin Greek mythology.
It is also widely cultivated as an
ornamental plantin regions with mediterranean or oceanic climates, and as an indoor plant in colder regions.
Bay leaves are eaten by the
caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, for example the Eastern tiger swallowtail("Papilio glaucus").
In the fruit there are
essential oils and fatty oils present. The fruit is pressed and water extracted to obtain these products. The fruit contains up to 30% fatty oils and about 1% essential oils ( terpenes, sesquiterpenes, alcohols and ketones).
The leaves contain about 1.3% essential oils ("Ol. Lauri folii"), consisting of 45%
eucalyptol, 12% terpenes, 3-4% sesquiterpenes, 3% methyleugenoland other α- und β- pinenes, phellandrene, linalool, geranioland terpineol.
*Bay laurel leaves are used in the design of the
10 yen coinin Japan.
Greek mythology, the tree was first formed when the nymphDaphne changed into it to escape the lustful pursuit of the Olympian god Apollo; see Apollo and Daphne. Daphne is the Greek name for the tree.
National Emblem of Greececonsists of a blue escutcheon with a white cross totally surrounded by two laurel branches.
*The Bay leaf, bay oil & bay fruit is a
Herbboth in cooking(leaf) & Medicine.
* The bay leaf is listed as a
Herbin the The Encyclopedia of Herbs, Spices & Flavorings by Elisabeth Lambert Ortiz (Dorling Kindersley, Inc.) with other woody stemed plants like rosemary, basil, tarragon, and marjoram
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=mesh&list_uids=68027442&dopt=Full MeSH] : Laurus - "Laurus nobilis" (Bay Laurel)
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=mesh&list_uids=67488485&dopt=Full MeSH] : 3-oxo-eudesma-1,4(15),11(13)triene-12,6alpha-olide [Substance Name]
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=mesh&list_uids=67488484&dopt=Full MeSH] : anhydroperoxycostunolide [Substance Name]
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=mesh&list_uids=67417229&dopt=Full MeSH] : magnolialide [Substance Name]
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=PureSearch&db=pubmed&details_term=%22Laurus%22%5BMAJR%5D PubMed search] : "Laurus" [MAJR]
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=PureSearch&db=pubmed&details_term=%22anhydroperoxycostunolide%22%5BAll%20Fields%5D%20OR%20%22magnolialide%22%5BAll%20Fields%5D%20OR%20%223-oxo-eudesma-1%2C4%2815%29%2C11%2813%29triene-12%2C6alpha-olide%22%5BAll%20Fields%5D PubMed search] : "anhydroperoxycostunolide" OR "magnolialide" OR "3-oxo-eudesma-1,4(15),11(13)triene-12,6alpha-olide"
* [http://www.allnatural.net/pages/index.shtml] "All Natural.Net - Encyclopedia of Herbs"
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Look at other dictionaries:
Bay Laurel — Жанры Раньше: Готик рок, Альтернатива, Позже: Метал, Готик Метал Годы 1993 2001 … Википедия
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bay laurel — noun small Mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient Greeks to crown victors • Syn: ↑true laurel, ↑bay, ↑bay tree, ↑Laurus nobilis • Hypernyms: ↑laurel… … Useful english dictionary
Дискография Bay Laurel — На настоящее время группа Bay Laurel выпустила альбомы: Under a Clouded Sky (1994) Days of Joy (1996) Lost in Black Love (1997) Bitter Intoxins (1997) A Mercyful Tribute to the Sisters Nemi the Soundtrack Where Pain Comes to Die (1999) … Википедия
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Bay leaf — (plural bay leaves), Greek Daphni , Romanian Foi de Dafin ; is the aromatic leaf of several species of the Laurel family (Lauraceae). Fresh or dried bay leaves are used in cooking for their distinctive flavor and fragrance. * Laurus nobilis , is… … Wikipedia
Laurel — may refer to:BotanyLauraceae, the botanical laurel family, including: *Azores laurel (Laurus azorica) *Bay Laurel ( Laurus nobilis ), the original true laurel that is the source of bay leaves used as a food flavouring. *California Laurel (… … Wikipedia
bay — Ⅰ. bay  ► NOUN ▪ a broad curved inlet of the sea. ORIGIN Old French baie, from Old Spanish bahia. Ⅱ. bay  (also bay laurel or sweet bay) ► NOUN … English terms dictionary
Bay tree — can refer to:* Bay Laurel * Umbellularia … Wikipedia
bay tree — noun small Mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient Greeks to crown victors • Syn: ↑true laurel, ↑bay, ↑bay laurel, ↑Laurus nobilis • Hypernyms:… … Useful english dictionary