Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Timgad
State Party = ALG
Type = Cultural
Criteria = ii, iii, iv
ID = 194
Year = 1982
Session = 6th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/194
Arabicتيمقاد, called Thamugas or Thamugadi by the Romans) was a Roman colonial town in North Africafounded by the Emperor Trajanaround 100 AD. The ruins are noteworthy for being one of the best extant examples of the grid planas used in Roman city planning.
The ruins of the town are located in modern-day
Algeria, about 35 km from the town of Batna. The city was founded " ex nihilo" as a military colony, primarily as a bastion against the Berbersin the nearby Aures Mountains. It was originally populated largely by Parthian veterans of the Roman armywho were granted lands in return for years in service.
Located at the intersection of six roads, the city was walled but not fortified.Originally designed for a population of around 15,000, the city quickly outgrew its original specifications and spilled beyond the orthogonal grid in a more loosely-organized fashion.
The original Roman grid plan is magnificently visible in the orthogonal design, highlighted by the "
decumanus maximus" and the "cardo" lined by a partially-restored Corinthian colonnade. The "cardo" does not proceed completely through the town but instead terminates in a "forum" at the intersection with the "decumanus".
At the west end of the "decumanus" rises a 12 m high
triumphal arch, called Trajan's Arch, which was partially restored in 1900. The arch is principally of sandstone, and is of Corinthian order with three arches, the central one being 11' wide. The arch is also known as the Timgad Arch.
A 3,500-seat theater is in good condition and is used for contemporary productions. The other key buildings include four
thermae, a library, and basilica.
The Capitoline Temple is dedicated to Jupiter and is approximately the same dimensions as the Pantheon in Rome. Nearby the capitol is a square church with a circular apse dating from the 7th Century AD. Southeast of the city is a large Byzantine citadel built in the later days of the city. The city enjoyed a peaceful existence for the first several hundred years and became a center of
Christianactivity starting in the 3rd Century, and a Donatistcenter in the 4th Century.
In the 5th Century, the city was sacked by the
Vandalsbefore falling into decline. In 535 Byzantine general Solomon found the city when he came to occupy it. In the following century, the city was briefly repopulated as a primarily Christian city before being sacked by Berbers in the 7th Century and being abandoned. The city disappeared from history until its excavation in 1881.
At the time of its founding, the area surrounding the city was a fertile agricultural area, about 1000 meters above sea level. The encroachment of the
Saharaon the ruins was ironically the principal reason why the town is so well preserved. Because no new settlements were founded on the site after the 7th Century, the town was partially preserved under sand up to a depth of approximately one meter until it was excavated.
Timgad was inscribed as a
World Heritage Siteby UNESCOin 1982.
* [http://whc.unesco.org/sites/194.htm UNESCO site on Timgad]
* [http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/City_of_Timgad.html Great Buildings entry on Timgad]
* [http://www.ic.ucsc.edu/~langdale/arth134/timgad.htm UCSC Site on Timgad] with index of photographs.
* [http://www.bartleby.com/65/ti/Timgad.html Columbia Encyclopedia entry on Timgad]
* [http://www.pbase.com/cyrilp/timgad Photos of Timgad]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Timgad — (Temgad, Thamgad), große Ruinenstätte in der alger. Provinz Constantine, 96 km südlich von der Stadt Constantine, am Nordfuß des Dschebel Aures, in welliger Ebene, die römische Colonia Marciana Trajana Thamugas (von Plinius Thanutada, von Antonin … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Timgad — Timgad, Thamugadi, Thamugas, alte Stadt in Algerien, in der jetzigen Prov. Constantine, zusammen mit dem nahen Lambäsis (jetzt Lambèse, ca. 1700 E.) und Theveste in röm. Zeit Militärstation, als Kolonie gegründet 100 n. Chr., zur röm. Kaiserzeit… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Timgad — com. d Algérie, dans le N. de l Aurès (wilaya de Batna); 8 840 hab. Ruines de Thamugadi, poste militaire romain qui devint une ville sous Trajan (100 apr. J. C.), ravagée par les Maures au VIe s … Encyclopédie Universelle
Timgad — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daïra de Timgad, Barrage de Timgad et Ville de Timgad. Timgad * … Wikipédia en Français
Timgad — Timgad1 Patrimonio de la Humanidad Unesco Arco romano de Trajano. Coordenadas … Wikipedia Español
Timgad — Der Trajansbogen auf einer Postkarte des späten 19. Jahrhunderts Timgad (arabisch تيمقاد) ist eine algerische Ruinenstadt etwa 40 km östlich von Batna, in der sich die Ruinen der römischen Stadt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Timgad — Timgạd, Ruinenstätte des antiken Thamugadi, rd. 40 km östlich von Batna, Algerien. Timgad, von Trajan 100 n. Chr. als römische Kolonie gegründet, war v. a. im 3. Jahrhundert eine der bedeutendsten Städte Numidiens und ein Hauptsitz der… … Universal-Lexikon
Timgad — geographical name ancient Roman city NE Algeria … New Collegiate Dictionary
Timgad — Tim·gad (tĭmʹgăd ) An ancient Roman city in northeast Algeria. Founded by Trajan in A.D. 100, it is sometimes called “the Pompeii of North Africa” because of its extensive, well preserved ruins. * * * … Universalium
Timgad — Thamugadi stor … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione