1667

Year 1667 (MDCLXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1667

January - June


* January 20 - Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): Poland cedes Kiev, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo, which puts a final end to Poland's status as a Central European power.
* February - The first theatre in Scandinavia, "Bollhuset", opens in Stockholm, Sweden.
* March 27 - In North America (Canada), explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle is released from the Society of Jesus (Jesuits).
*April 6 - Earthquake in Ragusa which kills one fifth of the population.
* April 27 - The blind, impoverished John Milton sells the copyright of "Paradise Lost" for £10.
* May 24 - The War of Devolution begins; France invades Flanders and Franche-Comté.
* June 12-17 - Raid on the Medway: A Dutch fleet under Admiral Michiel de Ruyter burns Sheerness, sails up the River Medway, raids Chatham dockyards and escapes with the royal barge "The Royal Charles".
* June 15 - The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys. He transfuses the blood of a sheep to a 15-year old boy (though this operation is a success, a later patient dies from the procedure and Denys is accused of murder).
* June 20
**Dutch troops attack Royal Navy ships in London and Chatham and burn them.
**Pope Clement IX succeeds Pope Alexander VII as the 238th pope.
*June 26 - Louis XIV of France conquers Tournai.

July - December


* July 31 - Second Anglo-Dutch War - The Treaty of Breda ends the war, and recognizes Acadia as a French possession.
* October 18
**Brooklyn is chartered under the name "Brueckelen" by Mathias Nicolls, Governor of New Netherlands.
**Yohannes I becomes king of the Ethiopia following the death of his father Negus Fasilides.
* November 25 - A devastating earthquake rocks Caucasia, killing 80,000 people.

Undated

* The Mogul Emperor Aurangzeb buys off the bandit Shivaji by making him a Rajah and allowing him to collect taxes.
* Robert Hooke demonstrates that the alteration of the blood in the lungs is essential for respiration.
* Louis XIV of France abolishes the Livre Parisis (Paris Pound) in favor of the much more widely used Livre Tournois (Tours Pound). He also designates Gabriel Nicolas de la Reynie as the first chief of "police" of Paris.
* The French army uses grenadiers.
* The first military campaign of Stenka Razin is conducted in Russia.

Births


* April 29 - John Arbuthnot, English physician and writer (d. 1735)
* May 26 - Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (d. 1754)
* June 18 - Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (d. 1750)
*July 2 - Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (d. 1740)
* July 28 - Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathemiatician (d. 1748)
* August 11 - Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (d. 1743)
* September 5 - Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician (d. 1733)
* September 28 - Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
* November 2 - James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1737)
* November 5 - Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (d. 1719)
* November 30 - Jonathan Swift, Irish writer (d. 1745)
* December 9 - William Whiston, English mathematician (d. 1752)
* December 25 - Ehrengard Melusine von der Schulenburg, Duchess of Kendal and Munster (d. 1743)
*exact date unknown - Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan (d. 1683)
*"probable" - Antonio Lotti, Italian composer (d. 1740)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* May 2 - George Wither, English writer (b. 1588)
* May 7 - Johann Jakob Froberger, German composer (b. 1616)
* May 16 - Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, English statesman (b. 1607)
* May 22 - Pope Alexander VII (b. 1599)
* May 25 - Gustaf Bonde, Swedish statesman (b. 1620)
* June 5 - Pietro Sforza Pallavicino, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1607)
* July 28 - Abraham Cowley, English poet (b. 1618)
* August 3 - Francesco Borromini, Swiss sculptor and architect (b. 1599)
* August 13 - Jeremy Taylor, Irish clergyman and writer (b. 1613)
* October 18 - Emperor Fasilides of Ethiopia (b. 1603)
* November 12 - Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (b. 1598)
* November 28 - Jean de Thévenot, French traveler and scientist (b. 1633)
*"date unknown" - Antonio Abati, Italian poet

: "See also ."

Heads of state

* France - Louis XIV, King of France (1643-1715)


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