Q (New York City Subway service)

infobox NYCS service
name=Broadway Express
all terminals shown above

north term=57th Street
south term=Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
note=note: dashed pink line shows proposed future Second Avenue Subway service to 96th Street
The Q Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. It is colored yellow on the route sign, on station signs and the NYC Subway map, as it represents a service provided on the BMT Broadway Line through Manhattan.

The NYCS|Q service operates at all times. The normal service pattern for the NYCS|Q is from 57th Street/7th Avenue in Midtown Manhattan to Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via Broadway and the BMT Brighton Line operating express in Manhattan and local in Brooklyn. The NYCS|Q is one of only four services that has an express section around the clock (the others being the NYCS|D, NYCS|F, and NYCS|3).

The following lines are used by the NYCS|Q service:

"Q" designation history

NYCS|Q was introduced as a service identifier for the Brighton Beach Express via Broadway (Manhattan) on the rollsigns of the R27 class of subway cars as they were delivered beginning in 1960 and on all subsequent equipment ordered for the IND/BMT divisions of the New York City subway system. The former designation for the service was the number 1, itself introduced in 1924, a designation shared by all Brighton Line mainline services. The letter designations did not appear on earlier equipment that carried the former route numbers until after the opening of the Chrystie Street Connection in 1967. Therefore older equipment that carried the number 1 (notably the D-type Triplex) continued to be signed "1" until they were withdrawn in 1965.

Also with the introduction of the R27 class subway cars, the mainline local services on the Brighton Line (and other BMT services) were given double letters in conformance with IND practice. Ordinarily this would have produced a NYCS|QQ service, but this designation was never used. There were two local services, the Brighton Local via Montague Street Tunnel, designated QT, which operated when the express service was running, and the Brighton Local via Manhattan Bridge, designated QB, which operated when the express did not. The so-called "Banker's Special" express, which operated a few trains in the morning and evening rush hours to the Wall Street financial district was not given a separate designation. As this service continued to use older equipment for years after the letters were introduced, this was not usually a problem. When R27 and later cars were used on these specials, they often carried the M designation in the morning that was originally (and eventually) used on Myrtle Avenue trains, and the evening sometimes carried NYCS|Q or sometimes no designation at all.

With the advent of the Chrystie Street services, the NYCS|Q designation was suspended as Brighton Line express service was provided by the NYCS|D service via 6th Avenue in Manhattan. The QT and QB designations were both to be dropped as the Brighton Locals were rerouted to the Nassau Street Loop in lower Manhattan and through routed to Jamaica via the BMT Jamaica Line. This service was designated NYCS|QJ. The QB designation was retained as it was decided to run a few special local trains up the BMT Broadway Line to answer complaints that the new services provided no access to the Broadway Line.

The service history below includes predecessor services that became the NYCS|Q service before the identifier was introduced.

History of "Q" services and their predecessors


* On July 2, 1878 steam railroad trains of the Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway began operations from Prospect Park to the Brighton Beach Hotel, which opened at the same time, located on Coney Island at the Atlantic Ocean at the foot of modern-day Coney Island Avenue at The Boardwalk. Passengers could make connections with the horsecars of the Brooklyn City Railroad at the Prospect Park terminal.

* On August 18, 1878 service was extended north from Prospect Park to Atlantic Avenue west of Franklin Avenue, a location known as Bedford Terminal of the BB&CI and Bedford Station of the Long Island Rail Road. A physical connection was made there both east and west to the LIRR as Bedford Junction. By mutual agreement trains of the BB&CI operated on the LIRR to its terminal at Flatbush and Atlantic Avenues, provided a much better connection to Downtown Brooklyn and ferries to Manhattan. LIRR trains also operated to Brighton Beach from Flatbush and Atlantic and from its own terminal in Long Island City, with ferry access to Midtown Manhattan. Initially, service operated during the summer season only.

* At the end of the 1882 summer season, the LIRR abrogated its agreement to allow Brighton trains to access its Flatbush Avenue terminal and beginning with the 1883 summer season, only BF&CI trains operated between Bedford Terminal and Brighton Beach.

* In 1896, a short northerly elevated extension of the Brighton Line (since reorganized as the Brooklyn & Brighton Beach Railroad) to the corner of Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street allowed rapid transit trains of the Fulton Street Line of the Kings County Elevated Railroad to operate from the Brooklyn side of the Brooklyn Bridge to Brighton Beach, where a walking or cable car service connection over the bridge allowed access to New York City Hall at Park Row. Around the turn of the century, elevated trains were through-routed to Park Row without need to change trains.

* In 1903, A surface extension of the Brighton Beach Line on what is now Brighton Beach Avenue permitted through service from Park Row, Manhattan west to Culver Depot at Surf Avenue near West 8th Street, much nearer to the growing amusement center known then as West Brighton and now simply as Coney Island.

*In 1908, a massive grade crossing elimination project was completed with a 4-track line from south of Church Avenue station to Neptune Avenue near the Coney Island Creek, permitting true local- and express service, as pioneered on the New York City subway that opened in 1904.

*In 1919, Brighton Beach local and express service was extended to New West End Terminal at Stillwell and Surf Avenues, still the location of the current union terminal at Coney Island for all subway lines.


*On August 1, 1920, subway service on the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company's Brighton Beach Line officially began upon opening of BMT Montague Street Tunnel and a two track line connecting Prospect Park and DeKalb Avenue. Brighton Express service was operated during the daytime every day except Sunday between Brighton Beach and Times Square via the Montague Street Tunnel while local service operated between Coney Island and 57th Street–Seventh Avenue via the north side of the Manhattan Bridge. During late nights, all trains used the tunnel.

*In 1923, the Brighton Locals and Expresses switched Manhattan access methods with the express using the bridge when it ran and the Locals using the tunnel except in the evenings and on Sunday, when it too used the bridge.

*During the 1930s, limited morning rush hour service ran via the south side of the Manhattan Bridge to Chambers Street. On June 29, 1950, trains began running there during the evening rush as well.

*On October 20, the IRT Astoria Line was successfully converted to the BMT. Local trains were extended via this line to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard.

*QT was a new route on 10/17/1949.

*On June 26, 1952, all Brighton and Broadway express trains were extended to 57th Street-7th Avenue at all times.

*On December 1, 1955, the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection opened. Local trains were rerouted to this new connector to serve the IND Queens Boulevard Line to Forest Hills–71st Avenue. They were replaced on the BMT Astoria Line by Brighton Express trains on weekdays. On May 4, 1957, express trains ran to Astoria on Saturdays as well, but made local stops in Manhattan as the local trains now ran to Chambers Street via the BMT Montague Street Line.

*On October 7, 1957, a strike shuts down half of the BMT Division. Brighton Local trains ran in two sections, from Coney Island via tunnel to 57th Street, and from Whitehall Street to Jamaica–179th Street.Clarifyme|strike ended when? If single day event, say so|date=March 2008

*Beginning on October 24,Clarifyme|Year? current, last, '57, since?|date=March 2008 local trains that ran via the bridge also ran local in Manhattan, and late night service now runs via Manhattan Bridge.

*Beginning on May 28, 1959, NYCS|Q trains made local stops in Brooklyn midday. Nassau Specials returned, running via the Montague Street tunnel during the morning rush and via the bridge during the evening rush. Clarifyme|still? If not until when?|date=March 2008

*Beginning June 6,Clarifyme|year date|date=March 2008 local trains (#1) ran to Franklin Avenue on Saturdays, supplementing the 7 (Franklin Avenue Shuttle).

1960s to 1990

*On November 15, 1960, with the arrival of the R-27s, service on the Brighton Line was as follows: Express was designated as NYCS|Q, local via tunnel as QT, and local via bridge as QB.

*Beginning on January 1, 1961, weekday service had the NYCS|Q running from 57th Street/Seventh Avenue to Brighton Beach and the QT running from Ditmars Boulevard to Stillwell Avenue. On Saturdays, the QT ran to Franklin Avenue while the NYCS|Q ran to Ditmars Boulevard as an express in Brooklyn and local in Manhattan. The QB remained unchanged.

*Beginning on April 2, 1962, NYCS|Q trains no longer ran on Saturdays. QB trains made all local stops to Astoria during evenings, nights, and weekends.

*From February 10 to November 2, 1964, the Brighton Express tracks were closed for platform extension. Skip-stop service was instituted along the Brighton Line.

*On November 26, 1967, the IND Chrystie Street Connection opened. Originally, the NYCS|D and NYCS|QJ were to replace at three NYCS|Q services. However, due to riders opposition to the expected loss of all Broadway service, two limited rush-hour only services were added. The QB ran in the NYCS|Q's current service pattern, local in Brooklyn and express in Manhattan, and a "super express" NYCS|NX service was introduced that operated from Brighton Beach compass west to Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue, then north via the BMT Sea Beach Line express tracks, making no stops at all on that line, then stopping at 59th Street (BMT Fourth Avenue Line) station and then NYCS|N express stops to 57th Street and Seventh Avenue on the BMT Broadway Line.

*On May 15, 1986, the IND double-letter naming scheme was dropped. The NYCS|Q resulted and ran between 57th Street/Seventh Avenue and Stillwell Avenue during rush hours, making express stops in Manhattan and local stops in Brooklyn. During construction on the Brighton express tracks, the NYCS|Q ran skip-stop service with the NYCS|D. At the same time, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed for reconstruction.

*On December 11, 1988, the north side reopened and the south side was closed. The NYCS|Q became the weekday Brighton Express and was rerouted via the north side of the bridge and the IND Sixth Avenue Line to 57th Street/Sixth Avenue, Midtown Manhattan (and to 21st Street–Queensbridge, Long Island City, beginning in 1989). On weekday evenings and late nights, a shuttle ran between 57th Street/Sixth Avenue and Lower East Side–Second Avenue. The evening shuttle was replaced by NYCS|B service on September 30, 1990 and the late night one by the NYCS|F later that year.

*In May 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed during midday and weekends. During this time, the NYCS|Q ran local in Brooklyn and then via Montague Street to Canal Street on the Broadway Line. From there, it ran express to 21st Street–Queensbridge.

1990s to present

*On February 22, 1998, construction on the IND 63rd Street Line cut NYCS|B and NYCS|Q service to 57th Street/Sixth Avenue. Service on the 63rd Street Line was replaced by a shuttle to the BMT Broadway Line. Normal service resumed on May 22, 1999.

*On July 22, 2001, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed and the south side had reopened. There were two NYCS|Q lines. In Brooklyn, the circle NYCS|Q replaced the NYCS|D as the Brighton Local to Stillwell Avenue while the diamond NYCS|Q replaced the Sixth Avenue NYCS|Q as the Brighton Express to Brighton Beach. Both NYCS|Qs used the south side of the Manhattan Bridge to travel into Manhattan and then ran to 57th Street/Seventh Avenue via Broadway Express.

*After September 11, 2001, NYCS|R service was suspended. The NYCS|Q local replaced it between Canal Street and Forest Hills–71st Avenue at all times except late nights, when it terminated at 57th Street/Seventh Avenue. Service went back to normal on October 28.

*On September 8, 2002, Stillwell Avenue was closed for reconstruction and the NYCS|Q local terminated at Brighton Beach. It returned to Stillwell on May 23, 2004.

*From April 27 to November 2, 2003, the south side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed on weekends and NYCS|Q service was rerouted via the Montague Street Tunnel.

*On February 22, 2004, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened. The NYCS|Q diamond was discontinued and replaced by the NYCS|B in Brooklyn and NYCS|N in Manhattan.

Future Plans

Current plans for the Second Avenue Subway provide for the NYCS|Q to be extended northward from 57th Street via the BMT 63rd Street Line, which is currently used only during service disruptions. The NYCS|Q would stop at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street at a currently-hidden platform to provide a cross-platform transfer to the IND 63rd Street Line (currently served by the NYCS 63rd IND train). East of Lexington Avenue, it would curve northward to merge with the Second Avenue Line at about 64th Street. The first phase of construction, due to be completed by 2015, will extend NYCS|Q service north to Second Avenue at 96 Street. At the conclusion of the project's second phase, the NYCS|Q's new northern terminal will be 125th Street, providing residents of Spanish Harlem and the Upper East Side with direct subway service via Second Avenue and Broadway to western Midtown, Lower Manhattan, and Brooklyn. [SAS alignment]


For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.NYCS service legend
alltimes = show
allexceptrush =
allexceptnights = show
nightsonly = show
nightsweekends =
weekdaysonly = show
rushonly = show
rushpeak = show
closed =


* [http://members.aol.com/bdmnqr2/linehistory.html Line By Line History]

External links

* [http://www.mta.info/nyct/service/qline.htm MTA NYC Transit - Q Broadway Express]
* [http://www.mta.info/capconstr/sas/sas_description.htm SAS alignment]
*PDFlink| [http://www.mta.info/nyct/service/pdf/tqcur.pdf MTA NYC Transit - Q schedule] |240 KB

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