- Piedmont (United States)
Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern
United Statesbetween the Atlantic Coastal Plainand the main Appalachian Mountains, stretching from New Jerseyin the north to central Alabamain the south. The Piedmont province is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division. The province consists of the Piedmont Uplandand Piedmont Lowlandssections. The Fall linemarks its eastern boundary with the Coastal Plain. To the west, the Piedmont is mostly bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains, the easternmost range of the main Appalachians. Physiographically, the Piedmont is considered a province of the larger Appalachian Highlands physiographic division.cite web |title=Physiographic divisions of the conterminous U. S. |publisher=U.S. Geological Survey |url=http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/metadata/usgswrd/XML/physio.xml |accessdate=2007-12-06 ] The width of the Piedmont varies, being quite narrow above the Delaware Riverbut nearly 300 miles (475 km) wide in North Carolina. The Piedmont's area is approximately 80,000 square miles (207,000 km²).cite web |title=Piedmont |publisher=The Columbia Gazetteer of North America, 2000. |url=http://www.bartleby.com/69/70/P04470.html |accessdate=2007-12-09 ]
The name "Piedmont" roughly translates as foot (pied) hill (mont) in French, and the region is named after the Italian region of
The surface relief of the Piedmont is characterized by relatively low, rolling hills with heights above
sea levelbetween 200 feet (50 m) and 800 feet to 1,000 feet (250 m to 300 m). Its geologyis complex, with numerous rock formations of different materials and ages intermingled with one another. Essentially, the Piedmont is the remnant of several ancient mountain chains that have since been eroded away. Geologists have identified at least five separate events which have led to sedimentdeposition, including the Grenville orogeny(the collision of continents that created the supercontinent Rodinia) and the Appalachian orogenyduring the formation of Pangaea. The last major event in the history of the Piedmont was the break-up of Pangaea, when North Americaand Africabegan to separate. Large basins formed from the rifting and were subsequently filled by the sediments shed from the surrounding higher ground. The series of Mesozoicbasins is almost entirely located within the Piedmont region.
oils and farming
Piedmont soils are generally
clayey and moderately fertile. In some areas they have suffered from erosionand over-cropping, particularly in the south where cottonis the chief crop. In the central Piedmont region of North Carolina and Virginia, tobaccois the main crop, while in the north there is more diversity, including orchards, dairying, and general farming.
The Piedmont region is closely associated with the
Piedmont blues, a style of bluesmusic that originated there in the late 19th century. Most Piedmont blues musicians came from Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia. During the Great Migration, Black Americans migrated to the Piedmont. With the Appalachian Mountains to the west, those who may otherwise have spread into rural areas instead stayed in cities and were thus exposed to a broader mixture of music than those in, for example, the rural Mississippi delta. Thus, Piedmont blueswas influenced by many types of music such as ragtime, country, and popular songs -- styles that had comparatively less influence on blues music in other regions.
Native to the Piedmont is a characteristic style of dance known as the
cakewalkor the Slow Drag.
Many major cities are located on the
Fall line, the eastern boundary of the Piedmont. Within the Piedmont region itself there are several areas of urban concentration. For example, the Piedmont Crescentin North Carolina includes several metropolitan clusters such as Metrolina, the Piedmont Triad, and The Triangle. Another major city of the Piedmont is Atlanta, Georgia.
*Michael A. Godfrey (1997). "Field Guide to the Piedmont." Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 524 pages. ISBN 0-8078-4671-6.
* [http://www.hiltonpond.org Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History]
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