David Waddington, Baron Waddington

The Right Honourable
The Lord Waddington
GCVO DL QC PC
Governor of Bermuda
In office
11 April 1992 – 2 May 1997
Premier John Swan
David Saul
Pamela Gordon
Preceded by Desmond Langley
Succeeded by Thorold Masefield
Leader of the House of Lords
Lord Privy Seal
In office
28 November 1990 – 11 April 1992
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by The Lord Belstead
Succeeded by The Lord Wakeham
Home Secretary
In office
26 October 1989 – 28 November 1990
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Douglas Hurd
Succeeded by Kenneth Baker
Chief Whip of the House of Commons
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
In office
13 June 1987 – 24 July 1989
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by John Wakeham
Succeeded by Tim Renton
Member of Parliament
for Ribble Valley
In office
9 June 1983 – 28 November 1990
Preceded by Constituency Created
Succeeded by Michael Carr
Member of Parliament
for Clitheroe
In office
1 March 1979 – 9 June 1983
Preceded by David Walder
Succeeded by Constituency Abolished
Member of Parliament
for Nelson and Colne
In office
27 June 1968 – 10 October 1974
Preceded by Sydney Silverman
Succeeded by Doug Hoyle
Personal details
Born 2 August 1929 (1929-08-02) (age 82)
Burnley, United Kingdom
Political party Conservative
Alma mater Hertford College, Oxford
Gray's Inn
Religion Anglican

David Charles Waddington, Baron Waddington, GCVO, DL, QC, PC (born 2 August 1929), is a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he served as a Member of Parliament (MP) in the House of Commons from 1968 to 1990, and was then made a life peer. He was the government Chief Whip from 1986 to 1989, and served in the Cabinet as Home Secretary from 1989 to 1990 and Leader of the House of Lords from 1990 to 1992. He then served as the Governor of Bermuda from 1992 to 1997.

Contents

Early life

Waddington was born in Burnley, Lancashire, and educated at two independent schools in North West England: Cressbrook School in Kirkby Lonsdale (formerly in Westmorland, since 1974 in Cumbria) and Sedbergh School (formerly in the West Riding of Yorkshire and also now, since 1974, in Cumbria). He then went to Hertford College, Oxford, where he became President of the Oxford University Conservative Association and was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn in 1951.

Stefan Kiszko trial

In 1976, Waddington led the defence in the trial of Stefan Kiszko, a case that would become one of the most notorious miscarriages of justice in recent years. The British tax clerk from Rochdale, who was convicted of the murder of 12-year-old Lesley Molseed, would go on to serve 16 years in prison for a crime he did not commit. This was because Kiszko's defence team made significant mistakes. Firstly, they did not seek an adjournment when the Crown delivered thousands of pages of additional unused material on the first morning of the trial. Secondly, in court, Waddington maintained the inconsistent defence of diminished responsibility which Kiszko had never authorised.[1] Kiszko was finally released in 1992 after the Court of Appeal was told forensic evidence showed that he could not have been the murderer. Coincidentally, Kiszko's appeal was first lodged on the day Waddington was announced as the new Home Secretary in 1989.

Member of Parliament

He was first elected to Parliament in 1968, at a by-election in the Nelson and Colne constituency caused by the death of Labour MP Sydney Silverman. He was re-elected in 1970 and in February 1974, but lost his seat at the October 1974 general election, by a margin of 669 votes to Labour's Doug Hoyle.

He was returned to Parliament at the by-election in March 1979 for Clitheroe, the constituency being renamed Ribble Valley in 1983.

In government

A junior minister under Margaret Thatcher, Waddington was Parliamentary Under-Secretary at the Department of Employment (1981–83), Minister of State at the Home Office (1983–87) and Chief Whip from 1987 until his elevation to Cabinet level, becoming Home Secretary in 1989.

Life peer

In 1990 he was created a life peer as Baron Waddington, of Read in the County of Lancashire. He served as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords until 1992. He served as Governor of Bermuda 1992–1997.[2]

In 2008 his amendment to the Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill, known as the Waddington Amendment, inserted a freedom of speech clause into new anti-homophobic hate crime legislation.[3] In 2009 the Government failed to repeal the Waddington Amendment in the Coroners and Justice Bill.[4][5]

Personal life

Lord Waddington is currently Chairman of the European Reform Forum.

References

  1. ^ Rose, Jonathan; Panter, Steve; Wilkinson, Trevor (1997). Innocents : How justice failed Stefan Kiszko and Lesley Molseed. London: Fourth Estate. ISBN 1-85702-402-8. 
  2. ^ Staff reporter (7 May 1997). "From Bermuda to the treacle mines for Lord David". Lancashire Evening Telegraph. http://archive.burytimes.co.uk/1997/5/7/828621.html. Retrieved 24 May 2009. "After almost five years as Governor of Bermuda, Lord Waddington has come home to the Ribble Valley."  (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/5h1GTO7ol)
  3. ^ Schedule 16, paragraph 14
  4. ^ Coroners and Justice Bill
  5. ^ Hansard, 12 November 2009

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sydney Silverman
Member of Parliament for Nelson and Colne
19681974
Succeeded by
Doug Hoyle
Preceded by
David Walder
Member of Parliament for Clitheroe
19791983
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Ribble Valley
19831990
Succeeded by
Michael Carr
Political offices
Preceded by
John Wakeham
Chief Whip of the House of Commons
1986–1989
Succeeded by
Timothy Renton
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
1986–1989
Preceded by
Douglas Hurd
Home Secretary
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Kenneth Baker
Preceded by
The Lord Belstead
Leader of the House of Lords
1990–1992
Succeeded by
The Lord Wakeham
Lord Privy Seal
1990–1992
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Belstead
Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
1990–1992
Succeeded by
The Lord Wakeham
Government offices
Preceded by
Desmond Langley
Governor of Bermuda
1992–1997
Succeeded by
Thorold Masefield

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