—  Commune and town  —
A street in Nouadhibou
Nouadhibou is located in Mauritania
Location in Mauritania
Coordinates: 20°56′N 17°2′W / 20.933°N 17.033°W / 20.933; -17.033Coordinates: 20°56′N 17°2′W / 20.933°N 17.033°W / 20.933; -17.033
Country Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania
Region Dakhlet Nouadhibou Region
 – Total 90,000

Nouadhibou (Arabic: نواذيبو‎; formerly Port-Étienne) is the second largest city in Mauritania and serves as a major commercial centre. The city itself has about 75,000 inhabitants expanding to over 90,000 in the larger metropolitan area. It is situated on a 40-mile peninsula or headland called Ras Nouadhibou, Cap Blanc, or Cabo Blanco, of which the western side, with the city of Lagouira, is part of Western Sahara. Nouadhibou is consequently located merely a couple of kilometers from the border between Mauritania and Western Sahara.



The city is divided into four major areas: the city centre, including the airport; Numerowatt to the north; Cansado, the main residential area, to the south; and a dormitory town for Port Minéralier in the far south, from which iron ore mined in Zouerat is exported.

Attractions in Nouadibou include the Table Remarquable, several markets, a ships' graveyard and Mediterranean monk seals.

The port of Nouadhibou is the final resting place of over 300 ships and hence the world’s largest ship graveyard. Unlike the arrival en masse of ships at Mallows Bay, here the number of craft has built up over time, as corrupt officials accepted bribes from boat owners to allow them to dump their vessels in the area.

The major economic activity is fishing; however, the largest industry is processing iron ore that has transported by train from the interior mining towns of Zouérat and Fdérik. These freight trains can be as much as 3 km long, reputedly the longest in the world. The railway also carries passengers and calls at Choum.

On 30 June 1973, at the time of the second-longest solar eclipse in 20th century, an aerobee rocket was launched at Nouadhibou for solar research.[1]

From February 2006 onwards Nouadhibou has become the departure point for African migrants trying to reach the Canary Islands. This extremely dangerous route to reach the European Union has become popular as a result of increased emigration controls along the Moroccan coast and around the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in the second half of 2005.

The city is reputedly also a centre of trading of meteorites found in the Sahara.[1]


Paved roads

Nouadhibou is linked with the Coastal Motorway RN2 to the capital Nouakchott (a distance of 450km) and by highway to the Western Sahara border in the north (a distance of 70km).


Nouadhibou also is connected by railway to the iron mines in Zouérat, 670km to the east.


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nouadhibou — (ar) نواذيبو Vue de Nouadhibou Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nouadhibou — ‏نواذيبو‎ Hauptgeschäftsstraße Blvd. Médian …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nouâdhibou — Nouadhibou Nouadhibou (ar) نواذيبو Vue de Nouadhibou Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • NOUADHIBOU — Ville de Mauritanie, chef lieu de la région de Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Nouadhibou (autrefois Port Étienne) est située sur la rive orientale de la presqu’île du Ras Nouadhibou (anciennement cap Blanc), qui limite la baie du Lévrier, profonde et bien… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nouadhibou —   [nuadi bu], bis 1969 Port Étienne [pɔːr et jɛn], Hafenstadt in Mauretanien, an der Ostküste der Halbinsel von Kap Blanc, 97 600 Einwohner; Meerwasserentsalzungsanlage, Fischfang und verarbeitung, Erdölraffinerie. 10 km südlich von Nouadhibou… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nouadhibou — → Nuadibú …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Nouadhibou — /nwah di booh /, n. a seaport in SW Mauritania. 25,000. Formerly, Port Étienne. * * * ▪ Mauritania formerly  Port Étienne        town located in northwestern Mauritania, on Cape Nouâdhibou (Cape Blanco) peninsula facing a protective bay on the… …   Universalium

  • Nouadhibou — Original name in latin Noudhibou Name in other language NDB, Nawazibu, Nouadhibou, Noudhibou, Nuadibu, Nuadib Port Ettienne, Port Etienne, Port tienne, Нуадибу State code MR Continent/City Africa/Nouakchott longitude 20.93098 latitude 17.03465… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Nouadhibou — Port Étienne …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Nouadhibou — /nwah di booh /, n. a seaport in SW Mauritania. 25,000. Formerly, Port Étienne …   Useful english dictionary

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