- Constitution of North Korea
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
- Eternal President
- Supreme Leader
- Supreme People's Assembly
- Chairman of the Presidium
- National Defence Commission
- Political parties
- Elections: 2003, 2009
Previous constitutions were adopted in 1948, 1972, 1992, and 1998. The constitution currently in force dates from April 2009 and lays out the framework of the national government and the functions of the ruling state party, the Workers' Party of Korea in relation to the government's operations.
The constitution establishes North Korea's official name and its status as a socialist state. The country is defined as a "dictatorship of the people's democracy" (a wording that closely follows the Chinese model of the people's democratic dictatorship) under the leadership of the Workers' Party. It guarantees civil and political rights, such as freedom of expression, the right to elect officials, the right to a fair trial, and freedom of religion. It asserts the right of every citizen to work, education, food, and health care.
The constitution is divided into three parts with each of them having several articles.
The new, amended in 2009 version of DPRK Constitution is six articles longer than the previous version adopted in of 1998. Section 2 of Chapter VI “Chairman of the National Defence Commission” is entirely new. In Articles 29 and 40 (Economy and Culture respectively) the word 공산주의 (“communism”) was dropped.
- ^ Kim, Hyung-chan; Kim, Tong-gyu (2005). Human remolding in North Korea: a social history of education. University Press of America. p. 134.
- ^ Constitution of North Korea (1972). Wikisource.
- ^ Hale, Christopher (2002). 'North Korea in Evolution: The Correlation Between the Legal Framework and the Changing Dynamic of Politics and the Economy.' Korea Observer, Vol. 33 No. 3
- ^ North Korea drops Communism from its Constitution. Azerbaijan Press Agency. September 28, 2009.
- ^ Chi-dong, Lee (September 28, 2009). N. Korea's revised constitution gives more power to Kim Jong-il . Yonhap.
- ^ Scalapino, Robert A.; Kim, Chun-yŏp (1983). North Korea today: strategic and domestic issues. Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Center for Korean Studies. p. 24.
- ^ KFA Forum "DPRK Constitution changes" 14 October 2009
- ^ http://leonidpetrov.wordpress.com/2009/10/12/dprk-has-quietly-amended-its-constitution/
- Current text of the Constitution (April 2009) in English
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
North Korea — Democratic People s Republic of Korea 조선민주주의인민공화국 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國 Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk … Wikipedia
North Korea and weapons of mass destruction — North Korea Nuclear program start date 1956 First nuclear weapon test October 9, 2006 Last nuclear test … Wikipedia
North Korea–United States relations — North Korea … Wikipedia
North Korea — Corée du Nord 조선민주주의인민공화국 (ko) Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk (ko) République populaire démocrat … Wikipédia en Français
Politics of North Korea — North Korea This article is part of the series: Politics and government of North Korea Constitution Ju … Wikipedia
Government of North Korea — North Korea This article is part of the series: Politics and government of North Korea Constitution Juche … Wikipedia
Outline of North Korea — … Wikipedia
Elections in North Korea — North Korea This article is part of the series: Politics and government of North Korea Constitution Juche … Wikipedia
Religion in North Korea — Traditionally, religion in North Korea primarily consists of Buddhism and Confucianism, and to a lesser extent, Christianity and syncretic Chondogyo. According to the CIA, since the rise of Stalinism, free religious activities no longer exist as… … Wikipedia
Media of North Korea — The media of North Korea is one of the most strictly controlled in the world. As a result, information is tightly controlled both into and out of North Korea. The constitution provides for freedom of speech and the press; however, the government… … Wikipedia