Early life and academic career
He was probably born in
Braga[ [http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/ciencia/p35.html Ciência em Portugal: Francisco Sanches (1550 ou 1551-1623)] - Instituto Camões(in Portuguese).] [Although somewho? considered him to have been born in nearby Tui, in Spanish Galicia.] , in Portugal, where he was baptized into the Catholic faith in 1550 or 1551, to António Sanches, also a physician, and Filipa de Sousa [ [http://purl.pt/369/1/ficha-obra-francisco_sanches%20.html Francisco Sanches (ca 1551-1623) Filósofo, matemático e médico] - Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal(in Portuguese)] . Being of Jewish origin, even if converted, he was legally considered a New Christian.
He studied in Braga until he was 12 years old, time when he moved to
Bordeaux( France) with his parents, escaping the surveillance of the Portuguese Inquisition, where he continued his studies at the College de Guyenne. He went on to study medicinein Rome( Italy) in 1569, and, back in France, in Montpellierand Toulouse. He ended up, after 1575, as a professorof philosophy and medicine at the University of Toulouse.
Main work and though
In his "Quod Nihil Scitur" ("That Nothing Is Known"), written in 1576 and published in 1581, he used the classical skeptical arguments to show that
science, in the Aristoteliansense of giving necessary reasons or causes for the behavior of nature, cannot be attained. He then argued that even his own notion of science - perfect knowledgeof an individual thing - is beyond human capabilities because of the nature of objects ant the nature of man. The interrelation of objects, their unlimited number, and their ever-changing character prevent their being known. The limitations and variability of man's senses restrict him to knowledge of appearances, never of real substances.
Sanches' first conclusion was the usual fideistic one of the time, that truth can be gained by faith. His second conclusion was to play an important role in later thought: just because nothing can be known in an ultimate sense, we should not abandon all attempts at knowledge but should try to gain what knowledge we can, namely, limited, imperfect knowledge of some of those things which we become acquainted with through observation, experience, and judgment. The realization that "nihil scitur" ("nothing is known") thus can yield some constructive results. This early formulation of "constructive" or "mitigated" skepticism was to be developed into an important explication of the new science by
Marin Mersenne, Pierre Gassendi, and the leaders of the Royal Society.
*"Carmen de Cometa", 1577.
*"Quod nihil scitur", 1581.
*"De divinatione per somnum, ad Aristotelem", 1585.
*"Opera Medica", 1636, which includes:
**"De Longitudine et Brevitate vitae, liber"
**"In lib. Aristotelis Physiognomicon, Commentarius"
**"De Divinatione per Somnum"
**"Quod Nihil Scitur, liber"
*"Tractatus Philosophici", 1649.
*BRITO, Alberto Moreira da Rocha, "Francisco Sanches, médico, professor e pedagogo". Braga: Bracara Augusta, 1952.
*CARVALHO, Joaquim de, "Introdução a Francisco Sanches", in Francisco Sanches, "Opera Philosophica", Coimbra, 1955.
*Fond. Calouste Gulbenkian, "Sanches au tournant de la pensée de la renaissance", Sep. Colloque-L'humanisme portugais et l'Europe, Paris: Fond. Calouste Gulbenkian, Centre Culturel Portugais, 1984.
*LIMBRICK, Elaine, "Introduction, notes, and bibliography", in Francisco Sanches, "That Nothing Is Known" (QVOD NIHIL SCITVR), Latin text established, annotated, and transl. by Douglas F. S. Thompson. Cambridge University Press, 1988. ISBN 0 521 35077 8
*PINTO, Sérgio da Silva, "Braga et Francisco Sanches: discours prononcé à l'Université de Toulouse, à la séance solennele des commemorations du IVème centenaire de Francisco Sanches, le 12 Juin 1951", Braga: Cruz, 1951.
*PINTO, Sérgio da Silva, "Francisco Sanches, português", Braga: Bracara Augusta, 1952.
*PINTO, Sérgio da Silva, "Francisco Sanches, vida e obra", Braga 1952.
*SÁ, Artur Moreira de, "Raízes e projecção do pensamento de Francisco Sanches", Braga: University of Braga, 1955.
*SÁ, Artur Moreira de, "Francisco Sanches, Filósofo e Matemático", Lisboa, 1947.
*SILVA, Lúcio Craveiro da, "Actualidade de Francisco Sanches", "Francisco Sanches Filósofo", and "Francisco Sanches nas correntes do pensamento renascentino", in "Ensaios de Filosofia e Cultura Portuguesa", Braga, 1994.
*TAVARES, Severino, Lúcio Craveiro da SILVA, Diamantino MARTINS and Luís de PINA, "Francisco Sanches, no IV centenário do seu nascimento, Braga: University of Braga, 1951.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Francisco Sanches — Statue von Francisco Sanches in Braga, Portugal, von Salvador Barata Feyo. Francisco Sanches (* 1550 in Tui; † 1623 in Toulouse) war ein Philosoph und Arzt. Er wurde in Tui geboren und ist in der portugiesischen Stadt Braga getauft word … Deutsch Wikipedia
SANCHES, FRANCISCO — (1550/52–1623), philosopher and physician. He was born in either Braga, Portugal, or Tuy, Spain, to a Spanish New Christian family. His father, the prominent physician, Antonio Sanches, was probably from a Castilian Jewish family that included… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Francisco Sánchez "El Escéptico\ — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda «Francisco Sánchez» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Francisco Sánchez (desambiguación). Estatua de Francisco Sánchez del escultor Salvador Barata Feyo. Francisco Sánchez el Escéptico ( … Wikipedia Español
Sanches — is a surnames shared by several notable people: * Francisco Sanches (c.1550 ndash;1623), Portuguese or Galician philosopher of Jewish origin; refugee from the Inquisition * Stacy Sanches (born 1973); American model and actress … Wikipedia
Francisco de Borja Garção Stockler — Francisco de Borja Garção Stockler, 1st Baron of Vila da Praia, (September 25, 1759 – March 6, 1829) was a lieutenant general and the eighth Captain General of the Azores, politician, and mathematician. He was one of the pioneers in differential… … Wikipedia
Sanches, Francisco — ▪ French physician and philosopher Sanches also spelled Sanchez born c. 1550, probably Braga, Port., or Túy, Spain died , c. Nov. 26, 1623, Toulouse, France physician and philosopher who espoused a “constructive Skepticism” that rejected … Universalium
Sanches — This famous Spanish and Portuguese surname is recorded in many forms including Sancho, Sanchez, Sans, and the Italian Sanzio. However spelt it is both religious and baptismal in original, the derivation being from the Roman (Latin) sanctus… … Surnames reference
Sanches, Francisco — See Renaissance philosophy outside Italy … History of philosophy
Brian Sanches — Infobox MLB player width = 150 name=Brian Sanches position=Relief Pitcher team=Washington Nationals number=22 bats=Right throws=Right birthdate=birth date and age|1978|8|8 debutdate=June 1 debutyear=2006 debutteam=Philadelphia Phillies… … Wikipedia
François Sanchez — Francisco Sanches. François Sanchez dit le Sceptique, en portugais Francisco Sanches (vers 1560 1632), est un philosophe et médecin portugais installé en France. Biographie Probablement né aux environs de Braga dans une famille de nouveaux… … Wikipédia en Français