Taran of the Picts


Taran of the Picts

Taran son of Ainftech was a King of the Picts (692-96) [The four year reign and the accession in 692 are chosen by Marjorie O. Anderson,, "Kings and Kingship in Early Scotland", (Edinburgh, 1973), p. 175.] according to the Pictish king-lists. His name is the same as that of the Gaulish thunder-god, Taranis. ["op. cit., p. 90."]

His father is just a name, which occurs in various forms, e.g. "Entifidich" in the "Poppleton manuscript," ["op. cit.", p. 248.] "Enfidaig", ["op. cit.", p. 263.] , "Amfredech", ["op. cit.", pp. 266, 272. ] "Anfudeg", ["op. cit.", p. 280.] and as "Amfodech" in the French king-list embedded in the "Scalacronica." ["op. cit.", p. 297.] The list in National Library of Scotland MS, Advocates' 34.7.3, [M.O. Anderson, List D; Skene, no, XXIII.] , seems to say that Taran was the brother of King Nechtan m. Der-Ilei, [It writes "frater eius" after Taran's listing; see M.O. Anderson, "op. cit." p. 266.] which could mean that Taran's mother was the Pictish princess Der-Ilei. However, the latter list is problematic and places the reign of King Bridei m. Der-Ilei, Nechtan's brother, after Nechtan; on the other hand, the list is one of those which is aware that Bridei was the son of Dargart, indicating access to material not available to some of the other lists. [see Thomas Owen Clancy, "Philosopher-King: Nechtan mac Der-Ilei", in the "Scottish Historical Review", 83, 2004, pp. 125–149.]

Some of the king-lists say he reigned for fourteen years; however, the "Poppleton" and "Lebor Bretnach" lists, [Marjorie Anderson believes these lists to derive from a list kept at Abernethy; she and others believe these lists, marked by "un-gaelicized" name forms, to be more reliable; see M.O. Anderson, "op. cit." pp. 77-102.] along with the "Scalacronica" list, give four years only, ['op. cit.", pp. 248, 263, 297.] so the "x" may be a mistake. He was almost certainly succeeded by Bruide, the son of Dargart and Der-Ilei, although in what circumstances, it is hard to say.

Entries from the Irish annals which Alan Orr Anderson suggested may be related to this Taran are a report in the "Annals of Ulster" reporting "the killing of Ainfthech and Nia Néill and the sons of Boendo", [Annals of Ulster, s.a. 693.] where Ainfthech may be Taran's father, ["Early Sources", p. 201, note 1.] , and then Taran's deposition in 696, ["Annals of Ulster", s.a. 697; "Annals of Tigernach", s.a. 697; "Early Sources", p. 202, note 7.] and finally the report in the "Annals of Ulster" that "Tarachin went to Ireland" in 698. ["Annals of Ulster", s.a. 699; "Early Sources", p. 206, note 5; the "Annals of Tigernach" used the "Tarachin" form in reporting Taran's deposition.]

Notes

References

* Anderson, Alan O., "Early Sources of Scottish History A.D. 500 to 1286", volume 1, (Reprinted with corrections, Stamford, 1990)
* Anderson, Marjorie O., "Kings and Kingship in Early Scotland", (Edinburgh, 1973)
* Clancy, Thomas Owen, "Philosopher-King: Nechtan mac Der-Ilei", in the "Scottish Historical Review", 83, 2004, pp. 125–149


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ciniod I of the Picts — Ciniod, Cináed or Cinadhon King of the Picts Reign 763–775 Predecessor Bridei Successor Alpín Father Uuredech or Feradach …   Wikipedia

  • Drest X of the Picts — Drest X King of the Picts Reign 845–848 Predecessor Bridei VII Successor Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín) Father …   Wikipedia

  • Ciniod II of the Picts — Ciniod King of the Picts Reign 842 Predecessor Bridei Successor Bridei Father Uurad Ciniod …   Wikipedia

  • Drest VI of the Picts — Drest (died c. 678) (Drest mac Domnal or Drest mac Dúngail) was king of the Picts from 662 to 671. He succeeded his brother Gartnait IV on the latter s death in 662.[1] The Pictish Chronicle king lists give him a reign of six or seven years. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Drest VIII of the Picts — Drest son of Talorgan (Scottish Gaelic: Drest mac Talorgan), was king of the Picts from 782 to 787, succeeding his father Talorgan. See also House of Óengus Regnal titles Preceded by Talorgan II King of the Picts 782–787 Succeeded by …   Wikipedia

  • Drest IV of the Picts — Drest son of Girom was a king of the Picts. The Pictish Chronicle king lists associate him with Drest III. Various reigns, separately and jointly, are assigned to the two Drests, varying from one to fifteen years. After the joint rule, this Drest …   Wikipedia

  • Drest III of the Picts — Drest son of Uudrost or son of Uudrossig was a king of the Picts. The Pictish Chronicle king lists associate him with Drest IV. Various reigns, separately and jointly, are assigned to the two Drests, varying from one to fifteen years. References… …   Wikipedia

  • Drest VII of the Picts — Drest was king of the Picts from 724 until 726 or 729. He succeeded Nechtan mac Der Ilei when the latter abdicated and entered a monastery in 724. Neither the Annals of Ulster, nor the Annals of Tigernach, name Drest s father. The earlier… …   Wikipedia

  • Bridei IV of the Picts — Bruide mac Der Ilei (died 706) was king of the Picts. He became king when Taran was deposed in 697. [ Annals of Tigernach and Annals of Ulster , s.a. 697.] He was the brother of his successor Nechtan. It has been suggested that Bruide s father… …   Wikipedia

  • Drest I of the Picts — Drest or Drust, son of Erp, is a legendary king of the Picts whose reign is recorded in the king lists of the Pictish Chronicle. The Chronicle tells that Drest reigned for 100 years and triumphed in 100 battles,[1] which should be read as… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.