Pedagogy


Pedagogy

Pedagogy (IPAEng|ˈpɛdəgɒdʒi), or paedagogy is the art or science of being a teacher. The term generally refers to strategies of instruction, or a style of instruction. [ [from NSF] ]

Pedagogy is also sometimes referred to as the correct use of teaching strategies (see instructional theory). For example, Paulo Freire referred to his method of teaching adults as "critical pedagogy". In correlation with those teaching strategies the instructor's own philosophical beliefs of teaching are harbored and governed by the pupil's background knowledge and experiences, personal situations, and environment, as well as learning goals set by the student and teacher. One example would be the Socratic schools of thought. [ [http://www.educ.utas.edu.au/users/ilwebb/Research/pedagogy.htm Analysis of Pedagogy] ]

Etymology

The word comes from the Greek polytonic|παιδαγωγέω (paidagōgeō; from polytonic|παίς "país": child and polytonic|άγω "ágō": lead; literally, "to lead the child"). In Ancient Greece, Polytonic|παιδαγωγός was (usually) a slave who supervised the education of his master’s son (girls were not publicly educated). This involved taking him to school (Polytonic|διδασκαλείον) or a gym (Polytonic|γυμνάσιον), looking after him and carrying his equipment (e.g. musical instruments). [ [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=pedagogue Etymology Site on-line (pedagogue)] ]

The Latin-derived word for pedagogy, education, [ [http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/education Webster definition of education] ] is nowadays used in the English-speaking world to refer to the whole context of instruction, learning, and the actual operations involved therein, although both words have roughly the same original meaning. In the English-speaking world the term pedagogy refers to the science or theory of educating. [ [http://www.webster-dictionary.org/definition/pedagogy Webster's definition of Pedagogy] ] The late Malcolm Knowles reasoned that the term "andragogy" is more pertinent when discussing adult learning and teaching. He referred to andragogy as the art and science of teaching adults.

Academic degree

An academic degree, Ped.D., Doctor of Pedagogy, is awarded honorarily by some American universities to distinguished educators (in the US and UK earned degrees within the education field are classified as an Ed.D., Doctor of Education or a Ph.D. Doctor of Philosophy). The term is also used to denote an emphasis in education as a specialty in a field (for instance, a Doctor of Music degree "in piano pedagogy").

Pedagogues

A number of people contributed to the theories of pedagogy, among these are
* Benjamin Bloom
* John Dewey
* Celestin Freinet
* Paulo Freire
* Friedrich Froebel
* Bell Hooks
* Jan Amos Komensky
* Janusz Korczak
* Maria Montessori
* Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
* Jean Piaget
* Simon Soloveychik
* Rudolf Steiner
* Lev Vygotsky

ee also

*Andragogy
*Critical pedagogy
*Educational psychology
* — a Wikibook about educational psychology
*Instructional design
*Jo Estill
*Learning theory (education)
*Horace Mann
* Educational philosophy

External links

* [http://dmoz.org/Reference/Education/Methods_and_Theories/ Dmoz.org: Directory of Links for Pedagogy]
* [http://pedagogy.dukejournals.org/ "Pedagogy: Critical Approaches to Teaching Literature, Language, Composition, Culture"]
* [http://www.socialpedagogyuk.com/ SocialPedagogyUK.com] Developments in the field of Social Pedagogy in the UK
* [http://www.pedagogy.eu/ pedagogy.eu]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pedagogy — Ped a*go gy, n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. p[ e]dagogie.] Pedagogics; pedagogism. South. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pedagogy — index education, guidance, instruction (teaching) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • pedagogy — 1580s, from Fr. pédagogie (16c.), from Gk. paidagogia education, attendance on children, from paidagogos teacher (see PEDAGOGUE (Cf. pedagogue)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • pedagogy — meaning ‘the science of teaching’, is pronounced ped ǝ gog i (with a hard second g) or ped ǝ goj i (with a soft second g). The soft sound is used in the adjective pedagogical. In pedagogue, however (now mainly used disparagingly of a pedantic or… …   Modern English usage

  • pedagogy — ► NOUN ▪ the profession, science, or theory of teaching. DERIVATIVES pedagogic (also pedagogical) adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • pedagogy — [ped′ə gäj΄ē, ped′əgō΄jē] n. [Fr pédagogie < LL paedagogia < Gr paidagōgia: see PEDAGOGUE] 1. the profession or function of a teacher; teaching 2. the art or science of teaching; esp., instruction in teaching methods …   English World dictionary

  • pedagogy — The science or art of teaching. Some sociologists of education use the term ‘pedagogical practices’ with reference to the methods and principles that inform educational techniques, and make a distinction between the expressed pedagogy (which the… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • pedagogy — /ped euh goh jee, goj ee/, n., pl. pedagogies. 1. the function or work of a teacher; teaching. 2. the art or science of teaching; education; instructional methods. [1575 85; < Gk paidagogía office of a child s tutor. See PEDAGOGUE, Y3] * * *… …   Universalium

  • pedagogy — [[t]pe̱dəgɒʤi, AM goʊʤi[/t]] N UNCOUNT Pedagogy is the study and theory of the methods and principles of teaching. [FORMAL] …   English dictionary

  • pedagogy — pedagogika statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Kryptingo ir sistemingo žmogaus ugdymo mokslas. Pedagogiką sudaro lavinimo ir mokymo teorija, auklėjimo teorija ir mokyklotyra. kilmė gr. paidagōgikē (techne) – auklėjimo (menas… …   Sporto terminų žodynas


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