Caliche is a collection of slang words that originated in El Salvador and are commonly used throughout the country. It has spread to neighbouring counries such as Honduras, and is now commonly used there also. Caliche employs techniques of
NahuatlFact|date=September 2008 word construction, such as combining parts of two words to form a new one.
There are also numerous variations that include the term "vergón", derived from a the slang word for penis ("verga"), is used to describe something 'cool'. Originally the meaning of the word "verga" is a kind of whip used to hit horses so that they can go faster. Other variations include "vergazo", "vergonada", and "vergonísimo". A number of slang, mostly vulgar terms, also have the general meaning of 'a lot', though have individually distinct meanings when used in another context. For example, "vergo" and "cachimbo". In certain regions of the
Bajo Lemparegion, in the southern part of Usulután, the verb "espriar" has come into common usage among younger Salvadorans when they want to indicate 'to drink alcohol'. Since they often do it under the guise of drinking Sprite, the verb espriar is used as a euphemism.
Since the civil war in El Salvador human migration and displacement have changed the linguistic landscape. Those Salvadorans who lived in refugee camps in Panamá, for example, returned to El Salvador using terms like "guirro",Fact|date=March 2007 a Panamanian term for a little kid, instead of the Salvadoran "bicho", which is considered offensive in other contexts.
Salvadorans also make heavy use of the
voseobut may elect to use the more common túwhile abroad or while speaking to non-Salvadorans.Fact|date=June 2007
Salvadorans peasants often pronounce /s/ and /f/ as /h/. For example, "fuiste" would be pronounced as "huiste" and "pues si" as "puehi". Also, /s/ may sound as if pronounced with a lisp. This lisp commonly pronounced by the eastern part of El Salvador's people. (San Miguel, San Vicente, Usulutan, La Union).
It is also common to drop the initial /d/ in common words, such as "dónde," which then becomes "ónde".
Although many Salvadorans, regardless of their social status, often omit the last "s" of any word that is preceded by another word that starts with a consonant especially: p,t,g,etc or some of the indicative pronouns as long as they have a consonant after the s, such as : "esto, esta" his will be pronounced:"ehto, ehta"..Words like "eso, esa" there is vowel after the "S" so it will be pronounced normally.
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