Adrian Monk

Adrian Monk
Adrain Monk.jpg
A promotional photo of Shalhoub as Monk.
First appearance "Mr. Monk and the Candidate"
Last appearance "Mr. Monk and the End - Part II"
Created by Andy Breckman
David Hoberman
Portrayed by Tony Shalhoub
Aliases Larry Tilbert ("Mr. Monk and the Red Herring")
Frank Conway ("Mr. Monk Gets Cabin Fever")
Jerry Little ("Mr. Monk Bumps His Head")
Adrian Melville ("Mr. Monk Is At Your Service")
Brother Adrian ("Mr. Monk Joins a Cult")
Leland Rodriguez ("Mr. Monk Is On The Run")
Frank DePalma ("Mr. Monk Is Someone Else")
Gender Male
Occupation Police homicide consultant; former SFPD Detective
Family Jack Monk, Sr.
Mrs. Monk
(mother; deceased)
Ambrose Monk
Jack Monk, Jr.
Spouse(s) Trudy Monk
Children Molly Evans, step-daughter

Adrian Monk is a fictional character portrayed by Tony Shalhoub and the protagonist of the USA Network television series Monk. He is a renowned former homicide detective for the San Francisco Police Department. Monk suffers from severe obsessive-compulsive disorder and multiple phobias, all of which intensified after the murder of his wife Trudy, resulting in his suspension from the department. He works as a private police homicide consultant and undergoes therapy with the ultimate goal of overcoming his grief, taking control of his phobias and disorder, and being reinstated as a police detective.

Series co-creator David Hoberman says that he based Monk partly on himself, and also on other fictional detectives, such as Lt. Columbo and Sherlock Holmes. Other actors considered for the role included Dave Foley, John Ritter, Henry Winkler, Stanley Tucci, Alfred Molina and Michael Richards. The network eventually chose Shalhoub because they felt he could "bring the humor and passion of Monk to life."[1] Stanley Tucci and Alfred Molina, had guest appearances on Monk, with Tucci appearing in season 5 episode "Mr. Monk and the Actor", and Molina appearing in season 6 episode "Mr. Monk and the Naked Man".

Both Monk and Shalhoub have garnered many accolades. Monk was included in Bravo's list of The 100 Greatest Television Characters of All Time, and Shalhoub has won various awards for his portrayal, including a Golden Globe Award, three Primetime Emmy Awards and two Screen Actors Guild Awards.


Character Development


Monk was originally envisioned as a "more goofy and physical" Inspector Clouseau type of character.[2][3][4] However, co-creator David Hoberman came up with the idea of a detective with obsessive-compulsive disorder.[2] This was inspired by his own bout with self-diagnosed obsessive-compulsive disorder; in a Pittsburgh Post-Gazette interview, he stated that, "Like Monk, I couldn't walk on cracks and had to touch poles. I have no idea why – but if I didn't do these things, something terrible would happen."[3]

Other fictional inspirations include Columbo[2][5][6] and Sherlock Holmes, and his obsession with neatness and order may be an homage to Hercule Poirot.[2] Like Holmes, and occasionally Poirot, Monk is accompanied by an earnest assistant with little or no detective ability, similar to Doctor Watson and Captain Hastings, respectively;[7] Monk's two major allies from the police department, Captain Stottlemeyer and Lieutenant Disher (credited as "Deacon" in the pilot episode), are reminiscent of Inspector Lestrade and Chief Inspector Japp, Holmes's and Poirot's well-meaning but ineffectual respective police counterparts. In addition, Monk has a brother whose abilities of deduction are even more amazing than his, yet much more geographically limited due to his own personal problems, somewhat in the style of Mycroft Holmes (who is more adept but also notoriously lazy.)[5][8][9]

When trying to think of a possible name for the character, co-creator Andy Breckman decided to look for a "simple monosyllabic last name".


Shalhoub was cast because the producers felt he could "bring the humor and passion of Monk to life".[1]

Co-creator David Hoberman revealed that the casting sessions were "depressing".[10] USA Network's executive vice president Jeff Wachtel stated that looking for the right actor to portray Monk was "casting hell".[11] After two years of developing, the producers still had not found an actor to play the part.[10] Although Michael Richards was considered, distributors of the show ABC and Touchstone worried that the audience would typecast him for more comedic roles after his previous work as Cosmo Kramer on the sitcom series Seinfeld.[1][12] After Richards dropped out of the project, he went on to star in another series about a private detective, The Michael Richards Show, which was canceled after six episodes.[13]


"Monk is a living legend. Quick, brilliant, analytical... [with] an encyclopedic knowledge of a dozen unconventional and assorted subjects, from door locks to horticulture to architecture to human psychology."

Breckman's description of Monk.[8]

In the script for the pilot episode, "Mr. Monk and the Candidate," Monk is described as being "a modern day Sherlock Holmes", only "nuts."[2] In the introductory scene of the episode, he is examining the scene of Nicole Vasques' murder, and picks up several important clues, but frequently interrupts himself to wonder aloud whether he left his stove on when he left the house that morning. In the season 6 episode "Mr. Monk and the Daredevil", Monk mentions that he has 312 phobias. The strongest of these phobias are: germs (mysophobia), dentists (odontophobia), sharp or pointed objects (aichmophobia), milk (lactophobia), vomiting (emetophobia), death and dead things (necrophobia), snakes (ophidiophobia), crowds (ochlophobia), heights (acrophobia), fear (phobophobia), mushrooms (mycophobia), and small spaces (claustrophobia), as Monk also mentions in the season 2 episode "Mr. Monk and the Very Very Old Man". In addition, new phobias develop at seemingly random intervals, such as a temporary fear of blankets at the end of the season 5 episode "Mr. Monk Gets a New Shrink". Due to his overpowering fear of germs, Monk refuses to touch door handles and other common objects with his bare hands, avoids contact with anything dirty, and always uses sanitary wipes after human contact, including basic handshakes.[14] He is also unable to eat food that other people have touched, as shown in the season 7 episode "Mr. Monk Falls in Love" when he and Leyla Zlatavich go out to a Zemenian restaurant.

Monk's phobias and anxiety disorders make him depend on personal assistants, who drive him around, do his shopping, and always carry a supply of wipes for his use, as shown in episodes like "Mr. Monk Meets the Playboy", "Mr. Monk Goes to the Carnival", etc.[15] They also take an active role in organizing his consultancy work, and sometimes investigate cases themselves.[16] His first assistant, Sharona Fleming (Bitty Schram), is a single mother and practical nurse by profession, hired by the police department to help Monk recover from the three-year catatonic state he lapsed into after Trudy's death.[14] After several years of loyal service, Sharona leaves the show in season 3 to return to New Jersey and remarry her ex-husband Trevor.[17] After her abrupt departure, Monk has a chance meeting with Natalie Teeger (Traylor Howard), whom he hires as his new assistant starting in "Mr. Monk and the Red Herring".

Monk carries out futile and endless attempts to make the world "balanced."[18][19] Monk is fixated with symmetry,[20] going so far as to always cut his pancakes into squares.[21] He strongly prefers familiarity and rigorous structure in his activities. Monk only drinks Sierra Springs water throughout seasons 1-5 and a fictional brand (Summit Creek) throughout seasons 6-8. In fact, in the season 2 episode "Mr. Monk Goes to Mexico", Monk goes without drinking for several days because he cannot find any Sierra Springs. Monk also has great difficulty in standard social situations, so much so that he goes so far as to write down common small talk phrases on note cards in an attempt to successfully socialize.[22] While his obsessive attention to minute detail cripples him socially, it makes him a gifted detective and profiler.[8] He has a photographic memory,[16] and can reconstruct entire crimes based on little more than scraps of detail that seem unimportant to his colleagues.[14] His trademark method of examining a crime scene, which Sharona used to call his "Zen Sherlock Holmes thing," is to wander seemingly aimlessly around a crime scene, occasionally holding up his hands, as though framing a shot for a photograph.[23] Shalhoub explained in an interview that Monk does this because it "isolates and cuts the crime scene into slices" and causes Monk to look at parts of the crime scene instead of the whole.[23]

Monk's delicate mental condition means that his ability to function can be severely impaired by a variety of factors. One example comes in the form of the season 5 episode "Mr. Monk and the Garbage Strike", where the smell of garbage prevents Monk from being able to easily identify the person who killed sanitation union boss Jimmy Cusack. When Monk temporarily is blinded, Monk initially thinks that he might never regain his eyesight. Another example: when entering a chaotic murder scene in the episode "Mr. Monk Meets Dale the Whale", his first impulse is to straighten the lamps, though he is frequently able to hold off his fixations when examining bodies or collecting evidence.[24] Even though Monk's mental state in the series is said to be a result of his wife's death,[14][25] he shows signs of OCD in flashbacks dating back to childhood.[26] To deal with his OCD and phobias, Monk visits a psychiatrist (Dr. Charles Kroger in the first six seasons or Dr. Neven Bell in the last two seasons) weekly, and at several points, daily.[27]

Over the course of the show (roughly 8 years), Monk overcomes many of his phobias and some aspects of his OCD. Though he hasn't been cured of many of them, if any at all, he has been able to put them in the back of his mind when involved in case work. Possibly due to this alone, Monk is reinstated as detective first class by Stottlemeyer in the season 8 episode "Mr. Monk and the Badge". Though he is very excited about his reinstatement initially, Monk realizes that becoming a detective again didn't mean that he would be happier. In a session with Dr. Bell, Monk realizes he was always happy as a private detective and consultant to the SFPD as his own boss. After overcoming his fear of heights and singlehandedly capturing a killer window-washer, Monk turns in his badge. In the series finale, he learns that he, in fact, has a stepdaughter. The knowledge and events of the episode lead to a complete change in his personality.

Character background

Childhood and family

Monk is of Welsh ancestry and was born October 17, 1959. This is shown in the episode "Happy Birthday, Mr. Monk", which takes place on a Wednesday of the week of October 16, 2009. It is stated that his 50th birthday is the next day, which would be Thursday, October 17, 2009. His parents were very strict and over-protective.[26] Monk's father, Jack Monk (Dan Hedaya), abandoned the family when Monk was eight years old when he went out for Chinese food and did not return.[19] Monk has an agoraphobic brother named Ambrose (John Turturro), from whom he was estranged for seven years following Trudy's death.[28] Monk states that his mother died in 1994.[29] In the episode Mr. Monk and the Other Detective, Monk states that his Alma Mater is the University of California, Berkeley.

In the episode "Mr. Monk and the Three Pies," it is revealed that Monk was angry at his brother for never contacting him after Trudy's death.[28] When the two are reunited, Ambrose admits he did not call Adrian because he believed that he was responsible for the incident. Trudy was getting Ambrose cough medicine and was in the store's garage when she was killed.[28] Their father Jack, remained unseen in the series until the season 5 episode "Mr. Monk Meets His Dad."[19] Jack explains that he did not return to his family because the message in his fortune cookie read "Stand by your man," which he interpreted to mean that he should follow his own path.[19] Adrian does not forgive his father at first, but warms up to him while assisting him on his duties as a truck driver.[19] Jack mentions reading Sherlock Holmes stories to Adrian, who eventually learned to solve the mysteries before hearing the stories' endings.[19] At the end of the episode, Jack teaches Adrian how to ride a bike — something he was not there to do when Adrian was a child.[19] Jack also mentioned that he has a son from another wife, named Jack Jr. (Steve Zahn).[19] Monk later meets Jack Jr. and helps to clear him of murder.[21]

Trudy's death

Throughout the series, Adrian mourns his wife Trudy (Melora Hardin/Stellina Rusich), who was killed by a car bomb he believes was meant for him on December 14, 1997.[14][30] The death of his wife exacerbated Monk's already existing obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).[23][31][32] One year later, the San Francisco Police Department granted him a psychological discharge.[16] Monk calls it "a temporary suspension" and hopes to be reinstated.[16] His grief over Trudy's death is intense and with him every day of his life; he has stated more than once that he is never truly happy and never expects to be truly happy ever again.[33] Since Trudy's death, Monk has been consulting with San Francisco police detectives on various cases.[14]

As the series progresses, Monk makes several discoveries in his ongoing search for the man who killed his wife.[34] He discovered that the car bomb was indeed meant for Trudy and was built by a man named Warrick Tennyson (Frank Collison),[35] who was hired by a six-fingered man named Frank Nunn (Courtney Gains).[34][36] In the sixth-season finale, he finally catches up with Nunn, who claims to be yet another pawn with no idea why Trudy was killed.[36] This turns out to be part of a larger plot to have Nunn set up another bombing and then frame Monk for killing him; he is shot before Monk can have him arrested or convince him to surrender the name of his employer in Trudy's murder.[36] Once Monk is cleared in Nunn's death, the police find correspondence from Nunn dating back to the era of Trudy's death.[36] There are no names discovered, but there is a reference to the person responsible, referred to as "The Judge".[36]

Trudy gave birth to a daughter, Molly Evans, on January 2, 1983. Had she not been adopted out and Trudy not murdered, this would technically make Adrian Molly's stepfather.

Closing Trudy's case

In the series finale "Mr. Monk and the End", Monk is poisoned on orders from "The Judge." Monk believes that he will die, and feels that it is time to finally open Trudy's present that she left him before her death. Monk had been saving it for the right time for the past 12 years. Upon opening the gift, Monk discovers a video tape, which was recorded by Trudy just days before her passing. Monk stares at the tape, and cries.

On the tape, Trudy reveals that before she met Adrian, she had an affair with "The Judge," Ethan Rickover, who was a professor at the University of California at Berkeley, the college Trudy attended (and coincidentally, where Julie Teeger will be going). Monk, Stottlemeyer, Disher and Natalie know Rickover, as they often go to him to get warrants signed. Trudy states that she didn't know that Rickover was married at the time they were seeing each other. Further along in the video, which Monk pauses for long periods of time to weep and cope, Trudy says to the camera that she became pregnant by Rickover. She says that she enjoyed being pregnant and wanted the child. The midwife and Rickover told her that her baby girl died just 9 minutes after birth. In the last scene of the tape, Trudy says that she intends to switch the tape for a digital watch that Monk had wanted, if she survives.

The midwife, Wendy Stroud, is murdered at the start of the episode. Later, it is explained that Rickover had been campaigning for the Federal appeals court bench and did not want any stories to arise about his past. Stroud had claimed that she was having an awakening and needed to confess all her sins, among them lying to Trudy Monk about her child. Rickover had to get rid of both Stroud and Trudy, and this led to the car bombing and Stroud's murder.

Monk becomes greatly ill, and the doctor strongly believes he has very little time to live. Monk attacks Rickover at the courthouse, where he is taking part in confirmation hearings for the state supreme court. Monk is arrested and put in the hospital with a police guard. Monk breaks himself out of the hospital and goes to Rickover's home, in agony, desperate for answers about his late wife's brutal murder. After a long confrontation, Rickover commits suicide, his final words being "take care of her." After taking the antidote, Monk recovers faster physically than emotionally, only slowly coming to terms with recent events. During therapy, he admits that he is not as satisfied as he ought to be. While closing Trudy's case, he comes across the midwife's obituary where it reveals that she "found" an abandoned baby on the same day as Trudy's delivery. Monk puts the puzzle together and realizes that Trudy's daughter is alive and with an adopted family. Rickover and the medical staff had kept this from Trudy all along.

With the help of Captain Stottlemeyer, Monk is reunited with Trudy's long-lost daughter, Molly Evans, who is living happily in the Bay area as a journalist and film critic. Though only connected by the memory of Trudy, the two instantly bond, and Molly accepts Adrian as a part of her life. Monk showers her with devotion, and is reminded of Trudy and her mannerisms—a fact that they both take pleasure in—but after sharing his plans of retirement with Molly, she convinces him to remain a police consultant to continue sharing his gift for "the other Trudys out there."

He is last seen sleeping in the middle of his bed, keeping his top shirt button undone, and eventually wearing a new outfit (his signature suits unbuttoned over an un-tucked tee shirt), and planning to go to the movies with Molly (all uncharacteristic activities that show a similar degree of functionality to what he had prior to Trudy's death and his breakdown). Right before he leaves with Natalie to work on a case, he makes sure that the stove is off (mirroring what happened in the very first episode). As he and Natalie depart for his next case, he finally seems to have made peace with Trudy's death, her life, and is beginning to look forward to a renewed sense of purpose, and becoming less compulsive.


Critical reception

Critical reviews of character Adrian Monk have been positive. Howard Rosenberg of the Los Angeles Times called Monk "TV's most original sleuth ever".[24] In a review of the show's pilot, Tim Goodman of The San Francisco Chronicle stated: "With his history and his sympathetic but funny 'problems', he [Monk] becomes one of television's most likable characters and floats a show that is, to be frank, riddled with improbability and simplicity".[37] Monk is ranked number 99 on Bravo's list of The 100 Greatest Television Characters of All Time.[38]

Shalhoub's performance in the series has also been praised.[39][40] Michael Sauter of Entertainment Weekly called Shalhoub's performance "original and splendid".[41] Nancy Franklin of The New Yorker said that Shalhoub is "brilliant at conveying the tension between Monk’s desire to conquer his disorder and his dug-in defense of his behavior".[42] Michael Abernethy of PopMatters describes Shalhoub's performance as "exceptional",[20] and Melanie McFarland of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer states that Shalhoub is a "careful and nuanced actor".[43] Alan Sepinwall of the Star-Ledger described Shalhoub as "the perfect fit" for the character.[44]


Shalhoub has earned various awards and nominations for his work in Monk. He has been nominated for Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor - Comedy Series each year from 2003 to 2010,[45][46][47] winning in 2003, 2005 and 2006.[48] In 2003, Shalhoub won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Television Series Musical or Comedy;[49] he was nominated for the same category in 2004, 2005, 2007 and 2009.[50][51][52][53] He received the 2004 and the 2005 Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Comedy Series,[54][55] with nominations in the same category in 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009.[56][57][58][59][60]


  1. ^ a b c Battaglio, Stephen (2002-08-16). "A Detective Story With Some Twists Monk: ABC loss was cable's gain". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Erdmann & Block, p.2
  3. ^ a b Gillies, Judith (2003-06-20). "TV Preview:'Monk' returns for more disorder-ly police work". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  4. ^ Neumaier, Joe (2008-01-24). "Monk Comes Clean". The Age. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
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  10. ^ a b Erdmann & Block, p. 3
  11. ^ Erdmann & Block, p. 4
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  13. ^ Tucker, Ken (2004-11-15). "Q&A With Michael Richards". New York Magazine. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
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  17. ^ "Mr. Monk and the Red Herring". Breckman, Andy. Monk. 2005-01-21. No. 10, season 3.
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  21. ^ a b "Mr. Monk's Other Brother". Breckman, David. Monk. 2009-01-09. No. 10, season 7.
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  27. ^ Associated Press (2008-04-09). "'Monk' Actor Stanley Kamel Dies at 65". AOL. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
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  29. ^ "Mr. Monk and the Big Game". Bernstein, Jack. Monk. 2006-07-21. No. 3, season 5.
  30. ^ "Mr. Monk vs. the Cobra". Breckman, Andy. Monk. 2005-01-28. No. 11, season 3.
  31. ^ Wilkerson, David B. (2008-10-11) "NBC cable networks' big engagement", Marketwatch. Retrieved on October 16, 2008.
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  34. ^ a b "Mr. Monk Takes Manhattan". Breckman, Andy. Monk. 2004-06-18. No. 1, season 3.
  35. ^ "Mr. Monk Goes to Jail". Manheim, Chris; Conrad, Hy. Monk. 2004-03-05. No. 16, season 2.
  36. ^ a b c d e "Mr. Monk is on the Run". Scharpling, Tom; Conrad, Hy; Dratch, Daniel. Monk. No. 15 & 16, season 6.
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  40. ^ Bianco, Robert (2002-12-07). "Shalhoub shines in quirky cop show". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
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  42. ^ Franklin, Nancy (2003-07-07). "Magnificent Obsession". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  43. ^ McFarland, Melanie (2004-06-18). "Monk ushers in a killer new season". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
  44. ^ Sepinwall, Alan (2008-05-29). "Sepinwall on TV: 'In Plain Sight' review". Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
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  49. ^ Staff (2003-01-20). "'The Hours' Wins Best Film Drama Golden Globes". People Daily. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
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  54. ^ "The 10th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards | Screen Actors Guild Awards". 2004-02-22. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  55. ^ "The 11th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards | Screen Actors Guild Awards". 2005-02-05. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  56. ^ "The 9th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards | Screen Actors Guild Awards". 2003-03-09. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  57. ^ "The 13th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards | Screen Actors Guild Awards". Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  58. ^ "The 14th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards | Screen Actors Guild Awards". Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  59. ^ "The 15th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards | Screen Actors Guild Awards". Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  60. ^ "The 16th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards | Screen Actors Guild Awards". Retrieved 2011-09-25. 

Further reading

  • Erdmann, Terry J.; Block, Paula M. (July 2006). Monk: The Official Episode Guide. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 0-312-35461-4. 

External links

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