Nordstrand Coordinates Coordinates: Administration Country Germany State Schleswig-Holstein District Nordfriesland Municipal assoc. Nordsee-Treene Mayor Jens-Johann Jacobsen (CDU) Basic statistics Area 57.43 km2 (22.17 sq mi) Elevation 2 m (7 ft) Population 2,218 (31 December 2010) - Density 39 /km2 (100 /sq mi) Other information Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Licence plate NF Postal code 25845 Area code 04842 Website www.nordstrand.de
- This article is about the peninsula and municipality in Germany. To read about the borough in Oslo, Norway, see Nordstrand, Norway.
Nordstrand (North Frisian Noordströön) is a peninsula and former island in North Frisia on the North Sea coast of Germany. It is part of the Nordfriesland district in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein. Its area is 50 km², and its population is 2,300. Nordstrand has two municipalities, Nordstrand and smaller Elisabeth-Sophien-Koog, which are part of the Amt Nordsee-Treene.
Nordstrand is accessible by road over a causeway which connects to the mainland and was built in 1936. In 1987, the polder Beltringharder Koog was completed, turning the former island into a peninsula.
Nordstrand is the origin of a locally famous alcoholic beverage, the Pharisäer ("Pharisee"), which the islanders developed in 1872 to be able to drink alcohol in the presence of local pastor Georg Bleyer, who preached abstinence. It is made from strong hot coffee, sugar, dark rum (4 cl of 54 %vol) and whipped cream (to prevent the alcohol from evaporating, so that it could not be smelled). The pastor got the only cup without rum, but one day the cups got mixed up. When he discovered the deceit he exclaimed "Ihr Pharisäer!" ("You Pharisees!", connoting: "hypocrites"). Hence the name. A curious issue is the name of a small village: It is called England.
The original Nordstrand island (before the flood of 1634) is thought to be the ancestral homeland for the North American surname "van Nostrand" (including variants: vanNostrand, vanNordstrandt, vanOstrand). Two brothers emigrated from here to what is present day New York, USA in 1637 and 1638 after the flood. One of the three granite panels of the Canadian van Nostrand monument, located in York Mill's Cemetery, Toronto (St. Johns, York Mills, Anglican Church, 19 Don Ridge Dr., North York, Toronto, Ontario) points to Nordstrand Island.
- Dutch hydraulic engineer Jan Adriaanszoon Leeghwater
- Character and development of the cultural landscape of Nordstrand
- Dutch history of Nordstrand In search of the Dutch family Indervelde, founders of the modern island of Nordstrand.
Pieter Karstense van Nortstrant was born abt 1605 on the island of Norstrand. Coupled with the name of his father, Carsten or Kersten, and the fact that his children were baptized in the Lutheran Church in Amsterdam, it would seem that a German, Frisian or Danish origin is probable. It is uncertain when Pieter Carstensen came to Amsterdam, possibly as a child with his father, though no record of the latter has been found there.
The sons of Pieter Pietersen Ostrander, (son of Pieter Karstense van Nortstrant), were called Van Norstrande or Van Nostrande, while Van Ostrande was used in other baptisms and eventually adopted the surname Oostrander and then the spelling as it is today Ostrander.
- ^ "Statistikamt Nord: Bevölkerung in Schleswig-Holstein am 31. Dezember 2010 nach Kreisen, Ämtern, amtsfreien Gemeinden und Städten" (in German). Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein. 31 December 2010. http://www.statistik-nord.de/uploads/tx_standocuments/A_I_2_vj104_S.pdf.
- ^ Jysk Ordbog (Danish)
- ^ Jyllands-Posten which dates this event to 1873 (Danish)
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