Tilburgis a municipalityand a cityin the Netherlands, located in the southern province of North Brabant. Tilburg municipality also includes the village of Berkel-Enschot and Udenhout.
A continuous Jewish presence in Tilburg did not start until 1767, when a Jewish citizen of the town
Oisterwijkwas given permission to settle in Tilburg, despite objections from the city council. Several Jewish families also succeeded in settling in Tilburg soon afterwards in 1791.
Becausing of a growing industry more and more Jews started to settle in Tilburg. Most came from Oisterwijk, where the textile industry was going through a period of decline. In 1820, a synagogue was built. However, due to extensive growth of the community, a larger synagogue was eventually built in 1873-1874. In 1855, a cemetery was inaugurated for the Jewish community.
Many of the Tilburg Jews were active in the textile industry and trade. In contrast to other Jewish communities in the so-called "mediene" (the Jewish communities outside the major cities in the western part of the country, such as
Amsterdam, Rotterdamand The Hague), the community did not decrease in numbers due to the favorable economic position of Tilburg.
The 1930s saw a growth of the Jewish community because of a small influx of German-Jewish refugees. After the Netherlands had been overrun by the Nazis, a separate Jewish school was established in 1941. A
Jewish Councilwas established in the summer of 1942. Between August 1942 and April 1943, the majority of Tilburg Jews were deported and subsequently killed. A number of Jews managed to hide. The interior of the synagogue was completely destroyed. An estimated 130 Tilburg Jews were killed in the Holocaust.
After the war the community was re-established. The synagogue was reinaugurated in 1949. It was given to the local government in 1976, after which it was given a social and cultural function. It was re-established as a synagogue for the Liberal Jewish community in 1998.
In 1981, the Liberal Jewish Community of Brabant "Aree Hanegev" was founded, serving Liberal Jews in the Dutch provinces of
North Brabant, Limburg, Zeelandand parts of South Holland, as well as Jews from the Belgian provinces of Antwerp and Flemish Brabant.
Number of Jews in Tilburg:
* 1809 - 26
* 1840 - 126
* 1869 - 112
* 1899 - 142
* 1930 - 171
* 1938 - 259 (including 57 German Jews and 21 Eastern-European Jews)
* 1951 - 120
* 1971 - 45
* 1998 - 13
* [http://www.jhm.nl/ Jewish Historical Museum (Amsterdam)]
* [http://regionaalarchief.tilburg.nl/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=101&Itemid=167 "Regionaal Archief Tilburg" (Regional Archive Tilburg)] nl icon
* [http://www.ljgbrabant.nl/ "Liberaal-Joodse Gemeente Brabant "Aree Hanegev" (Liberal-Jewish Community of Brabant "Aree Hanegev")] nl icon
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tilburg — Infobox Settlement official name = Tilburg mapsize = 280px subdivision type = Country subdivision name = Netherlands subdivision type1 = Province subdivision name1 = North Brabant area footnotes = (2006) area total km2 = 119.15 area land km2 =… … Wikipedia
Jewish Eindhoven — Eindhoven is a municipality and a city located in the province of Noord Brabant in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender brooks. The Gender has been dammed off in the post war years, but the Dommel… … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in the Netherlands — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism … Wikipedia
Иудаизм в Нидерландах — Часть серии статей об Истории еврейского народа Хроно … Википедия
Евреи в Нидерландах — Истории еврейского народа … Википедия
Nederlands Verbond voor Progressief Jodendom — The Nederlands Verbond voor Progressief Jodendom (NVPJ) (lit. Dutch Union for Progressive Judaism) is the umbrella organisation for Progressive Jews in the Netherlands, and is affiliated to the World Union for Progressive Judaism. It was founded… … Wikipedia
Verbond voor Liberaal-Religieuze Joden in Nederland — The Verbond voor Liberaal Religieuze Joden in Nederland (LJG) (lit. Union for Liberal Religious Jews in the Netherlands) is the umbrella organisation for Progressive Jews in the Netherlands, and is affiliated to the World Union for Progressive… … Wikipedia
AFC Ajax — Infobox Football club clubname = Ajax fullname = Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax NV nickname = Joden (Jews), Godenzonen (Sons of the Gods), Ajacieden founded = March 18, 1900 ground = Amsterdam ArenA Amsterdam capacity = 51,628 [cite web |url=… … Wikipedia
Nederlands Israëlitisch Kerkgenootschap — The Nederlands Israëlitisch Kerkgenootschap (English: Dutch Israelite Religious Community) (NIK) is the umbrella organisation for most Jewish communities in the Netherlands, and is Orthodox in nature, while to be described as traditional in… … Wikipedia
World War II — the war between the Axis and the Allies, beginning on September 1, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland and ending with the surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945, and of Japan on August 14, 1945. Abbr.: WWII * * * or Second World War (1939–45)… … Universalium