Saud ibn Faisal
*Muhammad ibn Saud
*Sa'd ibn Saud
*Abdallah ibn Saud
*Abd al-Rahman ibn SaudSaud ibn Faisal was the second son of the third
Imamof the Second Saudi State, Faisal ibn Turki, who ruled from 1834 to 1838, and 1843 to 1865. Saud's full brother was the much younger Abd al-Rahman, who was to become the last ruler of the Second Saudi Statebefore the dissolution of the family's domains in 1891. Both were born to a woman of the Ujman, a Bedouintribe inhabiting the desert to the south and east of Riyadh. His two other brothers were the older Abdallah and next youngest Muhammad ibn Faisal, themselves full brothers by a woman of the Saud family. Abdallah, as the oldest son of Faisal, had been made designated heir and chief military commander while Saud was sent to al-Kharjin southern Najdas governor, partly to reduce the developing friction between the two brothers. However, Saud proved outstandingly successful and his reputation soon eclipsed that of his brother, whose claim to the succession was not validated by any great success or ability in politics, whereas Saud had developed a strong power base in the area of al-Kharj and a following among the Ajman tribe of his mother.
After Faisal's death in 1865, Abdallah became Imam, but was immediately challenged by the ambitious Saud. Saud had left Riyadh and gathered supporters among the tribes of
al-Hasain the east. Abdallah and his loyal brother Muhammad at first proved too strong for Saud, but in December 1870, Saud, aided by the rulers of Oman, Abu Dhabiand Bahrain, defeated the forces of Abdallah and captured Muhammad. Abdallah fled Riyadh and Saud proclaimed himself Imam in May 1871. He was forced out, however, by his uncle Abdallah ibn Turki, who revolted and re-took the capital. Saud had also estranged the population by his reliance on tribes from the east.
In the meantime, Abdallah had requested help from Midhat Pasha, the Ottoman governor of Baghdad. Midhat Pasha took advantage of the opportunity to sweep into the province of
al-Hasa, where Muhammad ibn Faisal was held prisoner by Saud's son Abd al-Aziz. Muhammad was released, and eventually the two brothers Abdallah and Muhammad were able to make their way back to Riyadh. However, Saud, along with his Ajman followers, retook Riyadh in January 1873 and Abdallah and Muhammad were sent into exile among the Mutayrand Utaibatribes.
Saud died, either of battle wounds or smallpox, in January 1875, but his sons kept up hostilities against the surviving brothers Muhammad, Abdallah and Abd al-Rahman, who by now had joined forces. Using al-Kharj province as their base of operations, they were finally killed in a surprise raid in 1888. The grandsons of Saud, however, were involved in sporadic fighting against their cousins and not formally reconciled for many years. The descendants of Saud, through his grandson Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud, are still considered the ceremonially senior branch of the family, and known as the
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Saud ibn Abd al-Asis — Saud ibn Abd al Aziz (arabisch سعود بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, DMG Saʿūd ibn ʿAbd al ʿAzīz Āl Saʿūd; * 15. Januar 1902; † 23. Februar 1969 in Athen) war König von Saudi Arabien von 1953–1964. Leben Saud wurde am 15. Januar 1902 als zweitältester… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz — Al Saud (arabisch سعود بن عبد العزيز آل سعود, DMG Saʿūd ibn ʿAbd al ʿAzīz Āl Saʿūd; * 15. Januar 1902; † 23. Februar 1969 in Athen) war König von Saudi Arabien von 1953 bis 1964. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Aufstieg … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saud II. ibn Faisal — (arabisch سعود بن فيصل بن تركي آل سعود, DMG Saʿūd b. Faiṣal b. Turkī Āl Saʿūd; † 1873) war Imam der Wahabiten (1871–1873) Saud war ein Sohn von Faisal ibn Turki Al Saud und erkannte die Herrschaft seines Bruders Abdallah III. ibn Faisal… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Abdulrahman ibn Faisal — Abdulrahman ibn Faisal. Abd al Rahman ibn Faisal al Saud (1850 1928) (en árabe: عبد الرحمن بن فيصل) fue el hijo más joven de Faisal bin Turki Al Saud, un miembro de la Casa de Saud y también fue el padre del Rey Abd al Aziz ibn Saud, el primer… … Wikipedia Español
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Abdallah III. ibn Faisal — ibn Turki Al Saud (arabisch عبد الله بن فيصل بن تركي آل سعود, DMG ʿAbd Allāh b. Faiṣal b. Turkī Āl Saʿūd; † 1889) war Imam der Wahhabiten (1865–1871, 1873–1884 und 1887–1889) Abdallah hatte als Thronfolger zu Lebzeiten seines Vaters Faisal … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Faisal ibn Turki al Saud — (arabisch فيصل بن تركي بن عبد الله آل سعود, DMG Faiṣal bin Turkī bin ʿAbdallāh Āl Saʿūd; * 1788; † 2. Dezember 1865) war 1834–1838 und 1843–1865 Imam der Wahabiten. Faisal I. wurde spätestens 1788 geboren und soll schon an der Eroberung von… … Deutsch Wikipedia