List of battles of the Second Punic War
This is an incomplete list of battles of the
Second Punic War, showing the battles on the Italian peninsula and some in Africa, in Sicilyand Hispania.
Battle of Lilybaeum- A Roman fleet of 20 quinqueremesdefeated a Carthaginian fleet of 35 galleys.
Battle of the Ticinus- Hannibaldefeated the Romans under Publius Cornelius Scipiothe Elder in a small cavalry fight.
Battle of the Trebia- Hannibal defeated the Romans under Tiberius Sempronius Longus, who had foolishly attacked.
Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvusdefeated Hanno in the Battle of Cissa. Iberia north of the EbroRiver came under Roman control.
Battle of Lake Trasimene- In an ambush, Hannibal destroyed the Roman army of Gaius Flaminius, who was killed.
**A Roman fleet, aided by ships from Massilia, surprised and defeated the Iberian contingent of the Carthaginian fleet in the naval
Battle of Ebro River.
**Hannibal was trapped by Quintus Fabius in Ager Falernus, but he managed to escape in the
Battle of Ager Falernus.
**Hannibal trapped and inflicted severe losses on a Roman army under Minucius, at the
Battle of Geronium. The timely intervention of the Dictator Quintus Fabius Maximussaved the Romans from another disaster.
Battle of Cannae- Hannibaldestroyed the Roman army led by Lucius Aemilius Paullusand Gaius Terentius Varroin what is considered one of the great masterpieces of the tactical art.
**First Battle of Nola - Roman general
Marcus Claudius Marcellusheld off an attack by Hannibal.
**Second Battle of Nola - Marcellus again repulsed an attack by Hannibal.
**A Roman fleet under Titus Otacilius Crassus defeated a Carthaginian fleet near
Hasdrubal Barcais defeated by the Scipio brothers in Battle of Dertosa. The Romans raided Carthaginian territory south of the Ebro river.
**A Carthaginian expedition under Hasdrubal the Bald is defeated near Caralis in Sardinia in
Battle of Cornus.
214 BC- Third Battle of Nola - Marcellus fought an inconclusive battle with Hannibal.
**Battle of Beneventum -
Tiberius Gracchus' slave legions defeat Hanno(son of Bomlicar) and, therefore, deny Hannibalhis reinforcements.
** The Siege of Syracuse begins.
** Hannibal, after careful planning and collaboration from the Greek populance, takes the city of Tarentum in a daring Night Raid on Tarentum. The Romans managed to hold the Citadel at the mouth of the port.
** First Battle of Capua - Hannibal defeated the consuls Q. Fulvius Flaccus and
Appius Claudius, but the Roman army escaped. Siege of Capua temporarily lifted.
Battle of the Silarus- Hannibal destroyed the army of the Roman praetor M. Centenius Penula in Campania.
** First Battle of Herdonia - Hannibal destroyed the Roman army of the praetor Gnaeus Fulvius in Apulia.
** The Siege of Syracuse ends with the fall of the city.
Archimedesis accidentally slain.
Battle of the Upper Baetis- Publius Cornelius Scipioand Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvuswere killed in battle with Hasdrubal Barca.
**Second Battle of Capua - Hannibal was unable to break the Roman siege of the city.
**Second Battle of Herdonia - Hannibal destroyed the Roman army of Fulvius Centumalus, who was killed.
Battle of Numistro- Hannibal defeated Marcellus once more.
Battle of Sapriportis- The Tarentine Greek navy defeated a Roman squadron trying to reinforce the Citadel.
**Battle of Asculum - Hannibal once again confronted Marcellus in an indecisive battle. Marcellus was recalled to Rome on charges of bad leadership.
Assault on Cartagena- P. Cornelius Scipio the Younger captured Cartagena, the main base of Carthage in Hispania.
Battle of Baecula- Romans in Hispania under P. Cornelius Scipio the Younger defeated Hasdrubal Barca. Hasdrubal managed to save 2/3 of his army, treasures and elephants and retreat.
Battle of Clupea- The Carthaginian navy is defeated in a battle off the African coast.
Battle of Grumentum- Roman general Gaius Claudius Nerofought an indecisive battle with Hannibal, then marched north to confront Hasdrubal Barca, who had invaded Italy.
Battle of the Metaurus- Hasdrubal Barca was defeated and killed by Livius and Nero's combined Roman army. Is thought by many as one of the most decisive battles in history.
Naval Battle of Utica- A Carthaginian fleet of 70 ships is defeated by a Roman fleet of 100 ships near Utica.
206 BC- Battle of Ilipa- Scipio destroyed the remaining Carthaginian forces in Hispania.
204 BC- Battle of Crotona- Hannibal fought a drawn battle against the Roman general Sempronius in Southern Italy.
203 BC- Battle of Bagbrades- Romans under Scipio defeated the Carthaginian army of Hasdrubal Giscoand Syphax. Hannibal was recalled to Africa.
Battle of Castra Cornelia- Carthaginian fleet under Hasdrubal plunders the Roman supply convoy sailing to resupply Scipio's army in Africa near Utica.
202 BC- Battle of Zama( October 19) - Scipio Africanus Majordecisively defeated Hannibalin North Africa, ending the Second Punic War.
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