Captain Frederick John Holroyd was a British soldier who was based at the
British Army's 3 Brigade HQ in mid-Ulster, Northern Irelandduring the 1970s. He enlisted as a gunner in the Royal Artillery, and three years later, in 1964, he was commissioned into the Royal Army Service Corps(later the Royal Corps of Transport). He volunteered for the Special Military Intelligence unit ( MI6) in Northern Ireland in 1969, and he was trained at the Joint Services School of Intelligence. Once his training was finished, he was stationed in Portadown, where, for two and a half years up to 1975, he ran a series of intelligence operations. He resigned from the Army in 1976.
He alleged a policy of assassinations and collusion between British Army Intelligence and individuals active within Loyalist paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland. Holroyd was one of a number of former members of British forces who either exposed or admitted to such activity, the most prominent being
Colin Wallace, John Weir (see Dublin and Monaghan bombings), and Holroyd himself.
Fred Holroyd has claimed that during the mid 1970s the
Special Air ServiceSAS used the cover name, "4 Field Survey Troop, Royal Engineers" (see 14 Intelligence Company) during operations. This modus operandiwas introduced in 1973 and abandoned in 1975. Fred Holroyd claimed this was an SAS unit under cover at the Royal Engineers' base at Castledillon, Armagh, which he visited (see 14 Intelligence Company). Holroyd claims to have worked with the members of this unit and that members were told that it was a NITAT (Northern Ireland Training and Tactics Team), whose personnel were "former, serving or recently trained" [Ambush: the war between the SAS and the IRA, James Adams, Robin Morgan & Anthony Bambridge, Pan, London 1988 ISBN 0-330-30893-9] SAS soldiers, with the commanders being infantry officers attached to the SAS. One of these was Captain Robert Nairac, described as, "seconded to 14th Intelligence" , otherwise known as 14 Intelligence Company" or '14 Int' [Ambush: the war between the SAS and the IRA, James Adams, Robin Morgan & Anthony Bambridge, Pan, London 1988 ISBN 0-330-30893-9] .
He also added to allegations that a cabal of right wing British intelligence operatives from
MI5& MI6 along with figures from the British establishment had been involved in a plot to destabilise/overthrow the British Prime Minister Harold Wilsonthrough a secret organization known as "Group 13". The former intelligence officer, Peter Wright, author of 'Spycatcher', was said to have been part of this group. Holroyd's allegations surfaced again in a New Statesmanarticle written by Duncan Campbell in 1984. His allegations helped form the basis for the 1989 Ken Loachfilm Hidden Agenda.
Involvement with Ken Livingstone MP
Labour Member of Parliament in the UK,
Ken Livingstone, formerly Head of the Greater London Council, latterly Mayor of London, took up the case of Fred Holroyd, and used his maiden speech to highlight Holroyd's allegations.
"During my election campaign in Brent, East, there was an unusual public meeting, An individual was invited to it who has never been a Socialist, who will never been prepared to vote Labour and who thinks that the Tory party is the natural governing party of Britain.
He was invited to share a platform with myself and some of the relative's of those who have been subjected to miscarriages of justice by the British courts over issues of bombing here in Britain. We invited, Mr. Fred Holroyd. For those who do not know, Mr. Holroyd served in Northern Ireland with distinction. As I said, he is no Socialist. He comes from a military family. He went to a Yorkshire grammar school. His whole objective in life was to serve in the British Army. He believed in it totally. He enlisted as a private in the gunners, and 3 years later he was commissioned into the Royal Corps of Transport. He volunteered for the Special Military Intelligence unit in Northern Ireland when the present troubles began, and he was trained at the Joint Services School of Intelligence. Once his training was finished, he was stationed in Portadown, where, for two and a half years, he ran a series of intelligence operations. ..
..When he was recruited as an MI6 officer, he said of them that they were not disagreeable; their ethics were reasonable; they were seeking a political solution. His complaint, which eventually led to his removal from the Army and an attempt to discredit him, which has been largely successful, was made when the MI6 operation was taken over by MI5 in 1975- by many of the same people who are dealt with in Peter Wright's book [Spycatcher] , and many of the same people who are alleged to have ben practicing treason against the elected Labour Government of the time. He said that once the MI5 took over the reasonable ethics of MI6 were pushed aside by operatives in the intelligence world who supported the views of Mr. Kitson [Brigadier Frank Kitson] and the policies and tactics of subverting the subverters. I recommend Brigadier Kitson's words to those who are not aware of them. His attitude was to create a counter-terror group, to have agents provocateur, to infiltrate and to run a dirty tricks campaign in an attempt to discredit the IRA.
Mr. Holroyd continued to believe that what he was doing was in the best interests of the British state until early in 1975, when Captain Robert Nairac, who, as many hon. Members will know, was later murdered by the IRA, went into his office, fresh from a cross-border operation-- something that of course is completely illegal- and showed him the colour photographs that had been taken by Captain Nairac's team. Captain Nairac had crossed the border with some volunteers from the UVF. He had assassinated John Francis Green, an active member of the IRA who was living south of the border. As an agent of the British Government operating across the border as an assassin he had brought back photographs as proof of that operation.
When Captain Nairac showed the photographs, Mr. Holroyd started to object, not because he objected to an active member of IRA being assassinated in a highly illegal cross-border raid but because he realised that once the British state started to perpetrate such methods there was no way that eventually Britain would not alienate vast sections of the community and eventually lose the struggle for the hearts and minds of the Irish people.
Holroyd then started to object to the use of such illegal methods by MI5 officers. He was immediately shuffled to one side by the expedient method of being taken to a mental hospital and being declared basically unfit for duty. During the month he spend in the British mental hospital, the three tests that were administered to him were completely successfully passed. ..
..What is particularly disturbing is that what looked at the time like a random act of maniacal violence and sectarian killing now begins to take on a much more sinister stance. It begins to emerge that Captain Robert Nairac is quite likely the person who organised the killing of the three Miami showband musicians. The evidence for that allegation is forensic and members of the UVF are prepared to say that they were members of the UVF gang who actually undertook the murder of the Miami showband musicians. The evidence is quite clear. The same gun that was used by Captain Nairac on his cross-border trip to assassinate John Francis Green was used in the Miami showband massacre". [Excerpt from Ken Livingstone's maiden speech Hansard Parliamentary Debates volume 118, 7th July 1987.]
Livingstone also asked a series of questions in the parliament session about Holroyds treatment following his allegations of collusion between British Army Intelligence and Loyalist paramilitaries.
Life after the military
Following the surfacing of these allegations he claims to have been forcibly retired from the British Intelligence Service MI6 and placed in a mental health institution. Holroyd has campaigned since then to have the Ministry of Defence admit that he was wrongly institutionalised.
Holroyd is known to have served on the side of the Government forces in Rhodesia.
Fred Holroyd wrote the book War without Honour, published in 1989. [War without Honour: True Story of Military Intelligence in Northern Ireland, Fred Holroyd, Medium, 1989 ISBN 1-872398-00-6]
Barron report into Dublin and Monaghan Bombings
Holroyd gave evidence to Mr Justice Henry Barron during his inquiry into the
Dublin and Monaghan Bombingsof 17 May, 1974. Holroyd stated that "the bombings were part of a pattern of collusion between elements of the security forces in Northern Ireland and loyalist paramilitaries." [Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan Bombings, December 2003, p.179]
Barron was asked about a seeming contradiction in Holroyd's input to the report during public hearings;
"Since that time Captain Holroyd has persistently accused the British army of having engaged in serious unlawful acts, including murder and kidnapping, of encouraging assisting Loyalist paramilitaries in the commission of such acts, of recruiting agents from the ranks of the security forces of this State and of acts of gross incompetence which resulted in loss of life". [Page 179, paragraph 2, of the Interim Barron report 2003]
"For that reason, his [Holroyds] claims justify careful scrutiny. At the same time it must be acknowledged that Holroyd is, in some ways, a compromise source". [Page 179, paragraph 5, of the Interim Barron report 2003]
When asked at a public hearing what he meant by "compromise source", Barron replied:
"There are many reports on him suggesting that he is a Walter Mitty type. That is probably the easiest way of explaining it. .. We said his detail was totally unreliable but the substance related to events which took place." [ [http://www.irlgov.ie/oireachtas/Committees-29th-D%25C3%25A1il/jcjedwr-debates/scbr030204a.rtf&e=9797 3 February 2004 Sub-Committee on the Barron Report public hearings] ]
However, in his official statement to the Oireachtas joint Committee, Barron stated:
"A number of Holroyd’s allegations are not completely true, but they relate to events that did happen. Insofar as they raise serious questions concerning the behaviour of the security forces, North and South during the 1970s, they are of relevance to the work of this Inquiry, and have contributed to the Inquiry’s view on the possibility of collusion between elements of the security forces in Northern Ireland and loyalist paramilitaries." [Mr Justice Henry Barron's statement to the Oireachtas Joint Committee, 10 December 2003, also repeated up to word "... inquiry", p.203 of Barron Report]
Barron also stated in his Report,
"It must be said that when interviewed by the Inquiry [Holroyd] made no effort to avoid any questions asked of him; nor did he appear to be withholding information. He gave his answers openly, fairly and with conviction. He is aware that he has been misquoted and misinterpreted on occasion and has sought to correct any misapprehensions where they have arisen. He has also shown a willingness to take on board evidence and information which seem to contradict his claims, though for the most part he has maintained the truth of his allegations and of their provenance." [Report on the Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Dublin and Monaghan Bombings, Dublin, 2003, p.262]
In his report Barron found that members of the Gardaí and of the RUC attempted to unfairly and unjustly undermine the evidence and character of Holroyd.
"Holroyd was also proven correct in his allegation that a Garda officer arranged a meeting in Dublin between an Irish Army EOD officer and his British counterpart. The denial of the Garda officer concerned that he requested Holroyd organise the meeting should be read in the light of his attempts to deny knowing or meeting Holroyd at all, which are not convincing." [ibid, p.266]
Barron also noted,
"Some of the RUC officers interviewed by the Inquiry, in their apparent eagerness to deny Holroyd any credibility whatsoever, themselves made inaccurate and misleading statements which have unfortunately tarnished their own credibility." [ibid, p.202]
Then Assistant Commissioner of the Gardaí (Republic of Ireland police force), Edmund ('Ned') Garvey denied that he had met Fred Holroyd at Garda headquarters in 1975. Holroyd named Garvey, and another Garda (codenamed, 'the badger'), as being on the "British side". [ibid, p.199] However, Justice Barron found: "The visit by Holroyd to Garda Headquarters unquestionably did take place, notwithstanding former Commissioner Garvey’s inability to recall it". [ibid, p.207] Barron further noted: "On the Northern side, there is conflicting evidence as to how, why and by whom the visit was arranged. Regrettably, Garda investigations have failed to uncover any documentary evidence of the visit, or to identify any of the officers involved in arranging it from the Southern side." [ibid, p.207]
On January 19 1978, the then Commissioner Edmund Garvey was sacked without explanation by the incoming Fianna Fáil Government, which stated that it no longer had "confidence" in him as Garda Commissioner.
Barron found that the detailed description of a number of instances of alleged Illegal activity by British forces, exposed by Holroyd, were independently confirmed by Garda investigation and other sources.
* [http://www.sundaylife.co.uk/news/story.jsp?story=496449 Holroyd input to Barron report]
* [http://www.fantompowa.net/Flame/dirty_war_in_ireland.htm The SAS, their early days in Ireland and the Wilson Plot by Seán Mac Mathúna]
* [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm198889/cmhansrd/1989-01-10/Writtens-8.html Ken Livingstone Parliamentary question on Holroyd's status while placed in Mental Health institute.]
* [http://www.britains-smallwars.com/RRGP/Agila/index.htm Articles] on the war in Rhodesia.
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