Eorlingas, Rohirrim, Horse-lords
Founded Third Age
Founder Frumgar
Current leader Éomer
Capital Framsburg, then Edoras
Home world Middle-earth
Base of operations Upper Anduin, then Rohan
Official language Rohirric

In the fiction of J. R. R. Tolkien, the Éothéod were a group of Northmen who became the ancestors of the Rohirrim. The word, meaning "horse people", is a compound of the Old English words éoh ("horse" or "war horse") and théod ("people", "race"); it is cognate with Old Norse jóþjóð ("horse people"). Tolkien used the word to refer also to the land they occupied in the Vales of Anduin.



Unfinished Tales tells[1] how the Éothéod arose following the Battle of the Plain fought by Gondor and the Northmen against the Easterlings in the plains south of Mirkwood in T.A. 1856[2] Narmacil II of Gondor and Marhari, a chieftain of the Northmen, were killed in the battle. Marhari's son Marwhini withdrew with some survivors to the lower Vales of Anduin between the Carrock and the Gladden Fields. They were joined over time by other refugees from several groups of Northmen, and formed a coherent organisation with Marwhini as its leader.

Some hundred years later, in T.A. 1977,[2] Frumgar led the Éothéod northward to the upper Vales of Anduin to seek more room, displacing the remnants of Angmar after its fall.[3] The Éothéod occupied land north of Mirkwood, from the Misty Mountains as far as the Forest River.[4] Their chief town ("their only fortified burg") was built where the Great River Anduin forms at the confluence of the rivers Langwell and Greylin,[4] and was called Framsburg for Frumgar's son Fram.[5]

Fram slew the dragon Scatha the Worm, and according to some accounts was killed in dissension between the Éothéod and the Dwarves arising from the distribution of Scatha's hoard; as a result, Tolkien writes, "There was no great love between Éothéod and the Dwarves."[3]

The Ride of Eorl

Several hundred years later, Fram's descendant Léod was killed in an attempt to tame the horse Felaróf, first of the Mearas of Rohan. His son Eorl the Young tamed the horse, taking it into service as weregild for his father's death. Eorl became the leader of the Éothéod.[3]

Not long afterward, in the reign of Cirion, Steward of Gondor, Gondor was beset by the Balchoth. Cirion sent messengers to the Éothéod asking for help, and, foreseeing that the survival of Gondor was critical to the survival of the West, Eorl led the full force of the Éothéod to the relief of Gondor, leaving only the very old and very young behind to protect his people. The Riders arrived just in time to help the army of Gondor at the Battle of the Field of Celebrant[4][6]

After the defeat of the Balchoth, Cirion gave the depopulated land of Calenardhon, then part of Gondor, as a gift to Eorl and his people. Eorl and Cirion exchanged solemn oaths of eternal friendship at Elendil's tomb on Halifirien. Messengers were sent north, and the Éothéod removed en masse to the plains of Calenardhon.[7] The Éothéod renamed themselves Eorlingas ("followers of Eorl"), but in Sindarin they became known as the Rohirrim, or Horse-lords, and their country became known as Rohan, the Riddermark. Eorl, as "Lord of the Éothéod",[4] became the first King of Rohan.

The name Éothéod is a translation into Old English of the original Rohirric Lohtûr, Rohirric "loho-" or "lô-" corresponding to the Anglo-Saxon "éo-", meaning "horse".[citation needed]


  1. ^ Tolkien, Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl", (i) "The Northmen and the Wainriders", pp 288–295.
  2. ^ a b Tolkien, The Return of the King, Appendix B.
  3. ^ a b c Tolkien, The Return of the King, Appendix A, II "The House of Eorl".
  4. ^ a b c d Tolkien, Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl", (ii) "The Ride of Eorl", pp 295–300.
  5. ^ The name Framsburg appears on the map of Middle-earth drawn by Pauline Baynes in consultation with Tolkien, but nowhere in Tolkien's own writing.
  6. ^ Tolkien, The Return of the King, Appendix A, I "The Númenórean Kings", (iv) "Gondor and the heirs of Anárion" — "The Stewards".
  7. ^ Tolkien, Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl", (iii) "Cirion and Eorl", pp 300–308.


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Éothéod —  / Eotheod    Name of the people afterwards called the Rohirrim, and also of their land.        The roots of the Rohirrim.    A nation of Northmen brought by their chieftain Frumgar on the northern reaches of the River Anduin. The Men of the… …   J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth glossary

  • Éothéod — En la literatura de J. R. R. Tolkien, éothéod («gente de los caballos» o «tierra de los caballos») es el nombre de una raza de Hombres del Norte, ancestros de los rohirrim, y de la tierra que habitaban. Eran criadores de caballos, jinetes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Éothéod — Royaume de Rohan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rohan. Emblème du Rohan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Men of the Éothéod —  / Men of the Eotheod / Man of the Éothéod / Man of the Eotheod    The ancestors of the Rohirrim.    A nation of Northmen ruled by the descendants of Frumgar in the north of Middle earth. Their last lord Eorl the Young led them south to the land… …   J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth glossary

  • Éomund of the Éothéod —  / Éomund / Eomund    Chief captain of the host of the Éothéod at the time of the Ride of Eorl …   J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth glossary

  • Rohan — Para otros usos de este término, véase Rohan (Morbihan). Rohan Reino de El Señor de los Anillos El estandarte de los eorlingas es descrito numerosas veces y consiste en un caballo blanco rampante sobre campo verde.[ …   Wikipedia Español

  • List of Middle-earth wars and battles — J. R. R. Tolkien s Middle earth fantasy writings include many wars and battles set in the lands of Aman, Beleriand, Númenor, and Middle earth. These are related in his various books such as The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, and The… …   Wikipedia

  • Rohan — This article is about a fictional place. For other uses, see Rohan (disambiguation). Rohan Place from J. R. R. Tolkien s legendarium Flag of Rohan Other names Riddermark …   Wikipedia

  • Eorl — Personnage de fiction apparaissant dans l œuvre de J. R. R. Tolkien (le Seigneur des Anneaux et Contes et légendes inachevés) Alias …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eorl Le Jeune — Eorl Eorl Personnage de l œuvre de J. R. R. Tolkien (le Seigneur des Anneaux et Contes et légendes inachevés) Alias le Jeune …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.