- André Gill
André Gill (
October 17, 1840— May 1, 1885) was a French caricaturist. Born Louis-Alexandre Gosset de Guînes at Paris, the son of the Comte de Guînesand Sylvie-Adeline Gosset, he studied at this city's Academy of Fine Arts. He adopted the pseudonym"André Gill" in homage to his hero, James Gillray. [http://www.thinker.org/legion/exhibitions/exhibition.asp?exhibitionkey=513] Gill began illustrating for "Le Journal Amusant". Gill, however, became known for his work for the weekly four-sheet newspaper " La Lune", edited by Francis Polo, in which he drew portraits for a series entitled "The Man of the Day". He worked for "La Lune" from 1865 to 1868. When "La Lune" was banned, he worked for the periodical " L'Éclipse" from 1868 to 1876. Gill also drew for famous periodical " Le Charivari".
Gill's style, subsequently much imitated, was noted for the enlargement of his subjects' heads, which sat upon undersized bodies. His caricatures, in the form of large hand-colored,
lithographic portraits, were considered very accurate and not very cruel. Thus, many of Gill's famous contemporaries wished to be drawn by him. Gill drew portrait caricatures of Sarah Bernhardt, Otto von Bismarck, Émile Zola, Victor Hugo, Nadar, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Adelina Patti, Charles Dickens, and Richard Wagner.
Napoleon III disliked the portrait of him drawn by Gill. In December 1867, "La Lune" was censored. "La Lune" will have to undergo an
eclipse," an authority commented to Editor Francis Polo when the ban was instituted, unwittingly dubbing Polo's subsequent publication: "L'Éclipse", which made its first appearance on August 9, 1868. [http://freresgoncourt.free.fr/portefeuilleplus/Gill/gill.htm] Gill would contribute caricatures to this successor of "La Lune" as well.
In 1868, Gill faced a
lawsuitafter drawing a pumpkinthat was believed by the magistrates to represent the head of a judge. Ever since Charles Philiponhad drawn a pearto represent Louis Philippe, any fruit drawn by caricaturists was believed to carry satirical value and was suspect in the eyes of the court. Gill's lawsuit brought him fame –as well as a prison sentence. He was, however, released after a short time.
His fame won him entry into the
Bohemianartistic world of Paris; Gill met Charles Crosand Paul Verlaine. During a trip to Paris, Rimbaud, who admired Gill's drawings from "L'Éclipse", stopped at the caricaturist's house. Gill found the poet prostate on a settee. After Rimbaud explained himself, Gill gave him some money and advised him to leave Paris before war erupted.
In September 1871, Gill caricatured the statesman
Adolphe Thiers, who became his favorite target in "L’Éclipse", which had resumed publication in June 1871. In 1872, his work for this paper became regular. In an 1873 attack against the government's censorship of his work, Gill drew "L’Enterrement de la caricature" ("The Funeral of Caricature") in which an artist follows a hearsethat carries a dog holding a pen and a paintbrush. In 1875, he drew "Le journaliste et l’avenir" ("The Journalist and the Future"), in which a journalist is depicted bound and gagged.
"L'Éclipse", which disappeared after 1876, was replaced by the periodical "La Lune rousse" ("The Red Moon") (1876-1879), of which Gill served as the editor. Refusing to engage in any continuous political struggle, he quarreled with his old friend
Jules Vallès. Gill preferred the Bohemian life and its excesses.
July 29, 1881, France changed its censorship laws, allowing that "any newspaper or periodic writing can be published, without preliminary authorization and deposit of guarantee." [http://www.oulala.net/Portail/imprimer.php3?id_article=914] Gill, however, was not able to enjoy these new journalistic freedoms as he was forced to enter a psychiatric hospital.
Gill was named curator of the
Musée du Luxembourgon May 15, 1871, in which capacity he reassembled the scattered collections of art and reestablished the museum of sculpture. He had scarcely begun his work when it was interrupted by the upheaval associated with the Paris Commune.
Gill became involved in the Paris Commune. During this conflict, he illustrated for Jules Vallès'
socialistpaper, "La Rue".
Gustave Courbetestablished a "Federation of Artists" for the free and uncensored expansion of art. The group's members included Gill, Honoré Daumier, Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, Eugène Pottier, Jules Dalou, and Manet.
In 1875, Gill painted the sign that was to suggest the name of the famous night-club
Lapin Agile. It was a picture of a rabbitjumping out of a saucepan, and locals began calling their neighborhood night-club "Le Lapin à Gill": "Gill's rabbit". Over time, this name evolved into "Lapin Agile", or "Nimble Rabbit".
Gill succumbed in 1880 to
mental illnessand died five years later, May Day, 1885, at the asylum of Charenton with only Emile Cohl, friend and colleague, at his side. His other friends and the public overall, had deserted him. Charenton asylum had famously served as the home of the Marquis de Sade.
The small Rue André Gill (perpendicular to the Rue des Martyrs), in the
Montmartredistrict of Paris, is named after him. His bust is situated at the end of the street. In 2000, the bust was found reversed; it has since been restored. The Hotel André Gill is also located on this street.
this person is very unique with his design
*en icon [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ARTgillA.htm Andre Gill]
*en icon [http://wwwa.britannica.com/eb/article-9036831 Encyclopedia Britannica: André Gill]
*fr icon [http://freresgoncourt.free.fr/portefeuilleplus/Gill/gill.htm Frères Goncourt: Gill]
*fr icon [http://www.oulala.net/Portail/imprimer.php3?id_article=914 Les Grands du Dessin de Press: André Gill (1840-1885) "Quand ouvrira-t-on des maisons pour imbeciles?"] lol
* [http://greatcaricatures.com/articles_galleries/gill/galleries/html/01_gill.html Gallery of Caricatures by André Gill]
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Andre Gill — André Gill Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gill. André Gill … Wikipédia en Français
Andre Gill — André Gill (* 17. Oktober 1840 in Paris; † 1. Mai 1885 in Charenton le Pont) war ein französischer Karikaturist, Zeichner und Chansonnier. Leben Selbstporträt André Gill wurde als natürlicher Sohn des Comte de Guînes und der Näherin Sylvie… … Deutsch Wikipedia
André Gill — (* 17. Oktober 1840 in Paris; † 1. Mai 1885 in Charenton le Pont) war ein französischer Karikaturist, Zeichner und Chansonnier. Leben Selbstporträt André Gill wurde als natürlicher Sohn des Comte de Guînes … Deutsch Wikipedia
André Gill — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gill. André Gill … Wikipédia en Français
Rue André-Gill — 18e arrt … Wikipédia en Français
GILL (A.) — GILL LOUIS ANDRÉ GOSSET DE GUINES dit ANDRÉ (1840 1885) Peintre et dessinateur français. On doit à André Gill quelques peintures (certaines figurèrent au Salon entre 1875 et 1884, par exemple L’Homme ivre au Salon de 1880) et surtout une énorme… … Encyclopédie Universelle
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Gill — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Gill est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Politique Aurélien Gill (1933), sénateur canadien. Sciences et techniques Sir David Gill… … Wikipédia en Français
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