The Dipavamsa, or "Deepavamsa", (i.e., Chronicle of the Island, in Pali) is the oldest historical record of Sri Lanka.It means Chronicle of the Island. The chronicle is believe to be compiled from Atthakatha and other sources around the 3-4th century. Together with Mahavamsa, it is the source of many accounts of ancient history of Sri Lanka and India. Its importance resides not only as a source of history and legend, but also as an important early work in Buddhist and Pali literature.
The work has been translated into English by B. C. Law. It is probably authored by several Buddhist monks of the Mahavihara tradition of Anuradhapura in the 3- 4 century CE. The preamble begins with "Listen ! I shall relate the chronicle of the Buddha's visits to the island, the arrival of the Tooth Relic and the Bodhi tree, the advent of the Buddha's doctrine, the rise of the teachers, the spread of Buddhism in the island and the coming of Vijaya the Chief of Men". King Dhatusena (4th century CE) had orderd that the Dipavamsa be recited at the Mahinda (son to Asoka )festival held annually in Anuradhapura.
The Dipavamsa refers to three visits to the Island by the Buddha, the places being: Kelaniya, Dighavapi, the place where the Bo-sapling was later planted within the Maha Mewna-uyana (Park) of Anuradhapura. It does not make any mention of the Buddha visiting the Samanalakanda (Adam's Peak).
Regarding the Vijaya legend, Dipavamsa has tried to be less super-natural than the later work, Mahavamsa in referring to the husband of the Kalinga-Vanga princess, ancestor of Vijya, as a man named Sinha who was an outlaw that attacked caravans en route. In the meantime, Sinha-bahu and Sinhasivali, as king and queen of the kingdom of Lala (Lata), "gave birth to twin sons, sixteen times." The eldest was Vijaya and the second was Sumitta. As Vijaya was of cruel and unseemly conduct, the enraged people requested the king to kill his son. But the king caused him and his seven hundred followers to leave the kingdom, and they landed in Sri Lanka, at a place called Tamba-panni, on the exact day when the Buddha passed into Maha Parinibbana.
The Dipavamsa gives a fuller account of the arrival of Theri Sangamitta(daughter to Asoka), but the epic story of Dutugamunu is treated only briefly, in ten Pali stanzas, while the Mahavamsa devoted ten chapters to it.
The Dipavamsa is considered "source material" to the Mahavamsa, The latter is more coherently organized, and is probably the greatest religious and historical Epic work in the Pali language. The historiography (i.e., the chronology of kings, battles etc.) given in the Mahavamsa, and to that extent in the Dipavasma, are believed to be largely correct from about the time of the death of Asoka.
- ^ Differences between the Dipavamsa and the Mahavamsa.
- ^  See Geiger's defence of the historicity of the Mahavamsa
- ^ K. M. de Silva, History of Sri Lanka (Penguin) 1995
Sri Lanka topics HistoryTimelinekingdomsTopics Government Politics GeographyLandforms
Extreme points · Mountains · Islands · Rivers · WaterfallsEnvironment
Economy Society Culture Symbols Other topicsHuman rights · Research
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dipavamsa — Pali (पाऴि, Pāḷi) heißt eigentlich „der Text“ oder „die Zeile“. Als in der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts europäische Sprachwissenschaftler die Urtexte des Buddhismus erschlossen, übernahmen sie die traditionelle Bezeichnung Pali für die Sprache… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dīpavaṃsa — ▪ Sinhalese historical record (Pāli: “History of the Island”), oldest extant historical record of Sri Lanka, compiled in the 4th century. It is considered to be one of the main sources drawn upon by the author of the later and more… … Universalium
Dipavamsa — Le Dīpavamsa (litt. généalogie de l île en langue pâli), est le plus ancien document historique connu de Sri Lanka, censé avoir été rédigé au IVe siècle après J. C. Avec le Mahavamsa, il constitue une source de récits de l histoire ancienne du… … Wikipédia en Français
Дипаванса — (Dîpavamsa) один из важнейших источников для истории буддизма: старинная хроника, трактующая в стихах (на языке пали) историю Цейлона и относящаяся к концу IV в. по Р. Хр. Издание, с англ. переводом, Г. Ольденберга: The D., an Ancient Buddhist… … Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона
History of Sri Lanka — This article is part of a series Documents … Wikipedia
Early Buddhist schools — The Early Buddhist schools are those schools into which, according to most scholars, the Buddhist monastic Sangha initially split, due originally to differences in Vinaya, and later also due to doctrinal differences and geographical separateness… … Wikipedia
Mahavamsa — Theravāda … Wikipedia
Kamboja colonists of Sri Lanka — Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon or Lanka) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent, about 31 kilometres (18.5 mi) south of India. Lanka in Sanskrit means island ( Tapu ). [ Pre Aryan and Pre dravidian in… … Wikipedia
Buddhist councils — Lists and numbering of Buddhist councils vary between and even within schools. The numbering here is normal in Western writings.First Buddhist council (c. 400 BCE)According to the scriptures of all Buddhist schools, the first Buddhist Council was … Wikipedia
Mahinda — Theravāda … Wikipedia