Thun


Thun

Infobox Swiss town
subject_name = Thun
municipality_name = Thun
municipality_type = city
imagepath_coa = Thun-coat of arms.svg



languages = German
canton = Berne
iso-code-region = CH-BE
district = Thun
lat_d=46|lat_m=46|lat_NS=N|long_d=7|long_m=38|long_EW=E
postal_code = 3600-3645
municipality_code = 0942
area = 21.6
elevation = 560|elevation_description=|highest_m = 1172|highest = Dürrenbergwald |lowest_m=552|lowest=Aar at Lerchenfeld
population = 42319 |populationof = December 2007
website = www.thun.ch
mayor = Hans-Ulrich von Allmen |mayor_asof=2008|mayor_party=SPS
mayor_title = Stadtpräsident|list_of_mayors =
places =
demonym =
neighboring_municipalities= Amsoldingen, Heiligenschwendi, Heimberg, Hilterfingen, Homberg, Schwendibach, Spiez, Steffisburg, Thierachern, Uetendorf, Zwieselberg
twintowns = Gabrovo (Bulgaria)

Thun ( _fr. Thoune) is a municipality in the district of Thun in the canton of Berne in Switzerland with about 42,136 inhabitants (1 January 2006).

It is located where the River Aare flows out of Lake Thun (Thunersee), 30 km south of Bern. Besides tourism, machine and apparatus engineering, the largest garrison of the country, the food industry and publishing are of economic importance to Thun.

History

The area of what is now Thun was inhabited since the Neolithic age (mid-3rd millennium BC). The name of the city derives from the Celtic term "Dunum", meaning "fortified city". It fell to Rome in 58 BC, when Roman legions conquered almost all Switzerland, and soon became one of the main centres of Roman administration in the region.

The Romans were driven off from Thun, along with the whole of Switzerland, by the Burgundians around 400 AD. The Aare became the frontier between the Christian Burgundians and the Pagan, German-speaking Alemanni, who lived north. Thun was mentioned for the first time during the 7th century, in the chronicle of Frankish monk Fredgar.

The region of Thun became a part of the Holy Roman Empire in 1033, when Conrad II gained the title of King of Burgundy. The emperors entrusted the Zähringen family, centred in Bern, to subdue the unruly nobles of central Switzerland. Around 1190 Duke Bertold V of Zähringen, built a castle in Thun and expanded the city. After Bertold's death in 1218, his territories went to Ulrich III von Kyburg.

In 1264 Thun received state rights and in 1384 the town was bought by the canton of Bern. Thun was the capital of the Oberland canton of the Helvetic Republic.

In 1819 a Military School was founded in the city, which later developed in the main military school in Switzerland. Thun was connected to the railway network of Switzerland in 1859 and telephone access made available in 1888.

Main sights

*The Castle (twelfth century) with a history museum. This has several sections about medieval armors and weaponry and rural life.
*The Rathaus (townhall), erected in the sixteenth century
*Lake Thun and the view of the Alps
*The Wocher Panorama, the oldest remaining panorama drawing in the world.
* The Kunstmuseum Thun

ports

* Soccer: FC Thun plays in the Swiss Challenge League. Their home ground is the "Lachen" stadium. On 23 August, 2005 FC Thun qualified for the group stages of the UEFA Champions League.
* Orienteering: Thun hosted the 1981 World Orienteering Championships.

In fiction

An important scene in the spy novel "Smiley's People" by John le Carré is set here.

Notable residents

* Tanja Frieden, Olympic gold medalist 2006 (Snowboard Cross)
* Niklaus Gerber (1850-1914), Dairy chemist and industrialist

Gallery

External links

* [http://www.thun.ch/ Thun.ch] de icon Official city website
* [http://www.thuntourismus.ch/ Tourist information]
* [http://www.zumzahnarzt.ch/index.php?section=livecam City livecam] with archive since 2005


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thun — Thun, verb. irregul. Präs. Ind. ich thue, du thust, er thut; Conj. ich thue, du thuest, er thue; Imperf. ich that, (in einigen Gegenden ich thäte;) Conj. ich thäte; Mittelw. gethan; Imper. thue, thu. Es ist bald ein Activum, bald ein Neutrum,… …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • Thun BE — Thun Basisdaten Kanton: Bern Amtsbezirk: Thun BFS Nr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thun — Basisdaten Staat: Schweiz Kanton …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • thun — thun·ber·gia; thun·berg; thun·der·a·tion; thun·der·er; thun·der·ful; thun·der·less; thun·der·ous; thun·dery; thun·nus; thun·der; thun·der·bolt; thun·der·ing; thun·der·ing·ly; thun·der·ous·ly; …   English syllables

  • Thun'da — is a fictional character who was created by the artist Frank Frazetta for Magazine Enterprises, a firm that published comics.Fictional historyThun Da was originally Roger Drum, an Air Force officer who was shot down while flying over a lost… …   Wikipedia

  • Thun [2] — Thun (Thun u. Hohenstein) ein der Katholischen Confession folgendes Geschlecht, welches ursprünglich aus der Schweiz stammt, wo es im jetzigen Canton Bern die Grafschaft Thun mit Schloß u. Stadt besaß; seit dem Ende des 14 Jahrh. kommt es in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thun — Thun,   1) Bezirksstadt im Kanton Bern, Schweiz, 560 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Ausfluss der Aare aus dem Thuner See, 39 200 Einwohner; Lehrerseminar, Fachschule für Gastronomie; Kunstmuseu …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Thun — (de:Thun, fr:Thoune) es una ciudad Suiza del cantón de Berna, capital y jefe del distrito de Thun …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thun [1] — Thun, 1) Amtsbezirk des Schweizercantons Bern mit ausgezeichneten Weiden u. Wiesen, Viehzucht u. 26,050 Ew.; 2) Stadt darin in reizender Lage, an der Aare, unweit dem Thunersee (Hofstetten ist der Landeplatz der Dampfboote) u. an der Zweigbahn… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thun [1] — Thun, Bezirkshauptstadt im schweizer. Kanton Bern, 570 m ü. M., an der Aare unterhalb ihres durch Schleusen geregelten Ausflusses aus dem Thuner See (s. d.) und an den Bahnlinien Bern T., T. Interlaken Brünig und T. Zweisimmen Montreux, Sitz der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thun — [to͞on] 1. city in central Switzerland, on the Aar River where it leaves the Lake of Thun: pop. 38,000 2. Lake of lake in Bern canton, central Switzerland: c. 18 sq mi (47 sq km) …   English World dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.