Calafat — Municipality —
Coat of arms
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Romania County Dolj County Status Municipality Government – Mayor Mircea-Marinel Guţă (Democratic Liberal Party (2008–present)) Population (2000) – Total 21,227 Time zone EET (UTC+2) – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Calafat (Romanian pronunciation: [kalaˈfat]) is a city in Dolj County, Romania, on the river Danube, opposite the Bulgarian city of Vidin, to which it is linked by ferryboat. The construction of the Calafat-Vidin Bridge is planned between the two cities.
The city administers three villages: Basarabi, Ciupercenii Vechi and Golenţi.
It was founded in the 14th century by Genoese colonists, who employed large numbers of workmen (Calfats) in repairing ships. This industry gave the town its name.
In January 1854, during the Crimean War, when Russian forces were headed up the Danube, Ahmed Pasha, commanding the Turkish forces at Calafat, made a surprise attack on the Russian garrison at nearby Cetate, which was under the command of Colonel Alexander Baumgarten. This diverted the initial Russian attack and allowed Ahmed Pasha to consolidate his forces in Calafat. On 28 January the Russians under the command of General Iosif Romanovich Anrep reached Calafat and began the siege which lasted until May. Riddled by disease and unable to take the town, Anrep withdrew.
- 1900: 7,113
- 2000: 21,227
Calafat lies on the river corridor VII-Danube and the pan-European corridor IV which starts in Germany and ends in Istanbul and Thessaloniki . The city is at crossroads of DN56, DN56A, DN55A and E79. Between the city of Calafat and neighbour, Vidin (Bulgaria), stands links made by specially equipped vessels (tanks), and there are plans to build a bridge over the Danube in the area called Başcov (whose construction will be completed in 2010) by the Spanish company FCC. The project of constructing a bridge in the area Calafat-Vidin dates from the year 1925. Road traffic between Vidin and Calafat doubles every year, so it has become necessary to construct a bridge that will have four lanes of traffic road, a railway line, a lane two meters wide for bikes and a pavement for pedestrians. The bridge will have a total length of 1,971 m and it will cost over 100 million euros.
Calafat has several city newspapers. One of them is called Ziarul De Calafat, which is also maintained online; another is Calafat Live. It has useful daily information about the city of Calafat and the area around it.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Calafat is twinned with:
- ^ Jaques, Tony (2007) Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A guide to 8,500 battles from antiquity through the twenty-first century: A-E Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, Volume 1, page 247 ISBN 0-313-33536-2
- ^ Jaques, Tony (2007) Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A guide to 8,500 battles from antiquity through the twenty-first century: A-E Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, Volume 1, page 184 ISBN 0-313-33536-2
- ^ "News" Ziarul De Calafat
- ^ 
- Official website
- Hellenic Community of Calafat, elen-calafat.com
- Ziarul de Calafat, Ziarul de Calafat.ro
- Calafatul.ro, Calafatul.ro
The Danube Countries Cities Tributaries Islands
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Look at other dictionaries:
Calafat — Calafat … Deutsch Wikipedia
calafat — CALAFÁT s.n. Câlţi sau cârpe destrămate îmbibate cu catran, cu care se astupă crăpăturile la bordajele şi la punţile de lemn ale navelor. – Din tc. kalafat. Trimis de viorelgrosu, 29.01.2003. Sursa: DEX 98 CALAFÁT s. v. chingă, stinghie. Trimis … Dicționar Român
Calafat — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kalafat. Calafat Monument commémorant les soldats qui ont combattu lors de la guerre d Indépendance en 1887 … Wikipédia en Français
Calafat — Original name in latin Calafat Name in other language Calafat State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 43.99111 latitude 22.93278 altitude 51 Population 18643 Date 2012 06 12 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
calafat — ca|la|fat Mot Agut Nom masculí … Diccionari Català-Català
Calafat-Vidin Bridge — Infobox Bridge bridge name=Vidin Calafat Bridge official name= locale=between Calafat, Romania and Vidin, Bulgaria, at river kilometre 796 carries=two lanes of roadway, one railway track, [cite news… … Wikipedia
Circuito de Calafat — Localización Calafat Ametlla de Mar, Cataluña … Wikipedia Español
Manuel Elices Calafat — (Mahón, Menorca, 2 de abril de 1938) es un ingeniero y físico español, profesor universitario de Ciencia de los materiales en la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Contenido 1 Formación académica … Wikipedia Español
Tolo Calafat — Datos personales Nacimiento Palma de Mallorca, 1970 Nacionalidad español Fallecimiento Annapurna, Nepal, 29 abril de 2010 … Wikipedia Español
Circuit de Calafat — Location L Ametlla de Mar, Catalonia, Spain Time zone GMT +1 Length 3.250 km (2.019 mi) … Wikipedia