Pope John VIII
English name=John VIII
December 13, 872
December 16, 882
John VIII was
popefrom December 13, 872to December 16, 882. He is often considered one of the ablest pontiffs of the ninth century [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08423c.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia", "Pope John VIII"] page undated, URL retrieved on 10 June2007] and the last bright spot on the papacy until Leo IX two centuries later.
He was born in Rome. Among the reforms achieved during his pontificate was a notable administrative reorganisation of the papal curia. With little help from European kings, he attempted to expel the
Saracens from Italyafter they had penetrated as far as Rome. He failed and was forced to pay tribute. John defended St. Methodius against his German enemies, who objected to his use of the Slavonic languagein the liturgy. John later confirmed the permission to use Slavonic that had been originally granted by Pope Adrian II, John's predecessor. In 879 he recognised the reinstatement of Photius as the legitimate patriarch of Constantinople; Photius had been condemned in 869 by Pope Adrian II. Consequently, John VIII was in favour of reciting the Creedwithout the filioque. In 878 John crowned Louis II, king of France. He also crowned two Holy Roman Emperors: Charles II and Charles III.
Legend of Pope Joan and its Connection to the Name John VIII
According to the legend of Pope Joan, a woman named Joan reigned as pope under the name of John earlier in the 9th century. Her true gender was discovered, and she would eventually be erased from the historical record because of this. If she existed, when
regnal numbering was applied to papal reigns in the 10th century, she would have been designated John VIII and the Pope John that is the subject of this article would have been John IX. However, most historians believe that Pope Joan did not exist and that the legend was created in the 13th century by the chronicler Martin of Opava.
Pope John VIII is not otherwise connected with this legend.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8822119 Find-A-Grave profile for John VIII]
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0872-0882-_Ioannes_VIII.html Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pope John VIII — Pope John VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John VIII (Reigned 872 82) A Roman and the son of Gundus. He seems to have been born in the first quarter of the ninth century; d. 16 Dec., 882. In 853 and 869 he appears as archdeacon … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John VIII of Alexandria — was the 80th Coptic Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of Saint Mark Number 80 (14 February 1300 29 May 1320).Pope John VIII was born in Meniat Bani Khosaim. His real name was Yohanna Ben Ebsal, but he was known as El Mo ataman Ebn El… … Wikipedia
Pope Boniface VIII — Pope Boniface VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface VIII (BENEDETTO GAETANO) Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303. He was the son of Loffred, a descendant of a noble family originally Spanish, but long… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Urban VIII — Pope Urban VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Urban VIII Maffeo Barberini, born at Florence in April, 1568; elected pope, 6 August, 1623; died at Rome, 29 July, 1644. His father Antonio Barberini, a Florentine nobleman, who died… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Benedict VIII — Pope Benedict VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Benedict VIII Date of birth unknown; d. 9 April, 1024. The first of the Tusculan popes, being the son of Gregory, Count of Tusculum, and Maria, and brother of John XIX, he was, though… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Clement VIII — Not to be confused with Antipope Clement VIII. Clement VIII Papacy began 30 January 1592 Papacy ended 3 March 1605 ( 1000000000000001300000013 yea … Wikipedia
Pope Urban VIII — Urban VIII Papacy began 6 August 1623 Papacy ended 29 July 1644 ( 1000000000000002000000020 years … Wikipedia
Pope Leo VIII — Infobox Pope English name=Leo VIII birth name=??? term start=December 6, 963 term end=March 1, 965 predecessor=Benedict V successor=John XIII birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=March 1, 965 deathplace=Rome, Italy… … Wikipedia
Pope Boniface VIII — Infobox pope English name=Boniface VIII birth name=Benedetto Caetani term start=December 24, 1294 term end=October 11, 1303 predecessor=Celestine V successor=Benedict XI birth date=c. 1235 birthplace= Anagni, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… … Wikipedia
Pope Benedict VIII — Infobox Pope English name=Benedict VIII birth name=Theophylactus term start=May 18, 1012 term end=April 9, 1024 predecessor=Sergius IV successor=John XIX birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|1024|4|9|mf=y… … Wikipedia