Jayne Mansfield


Jayne Mansfield

Infobox actor
name = Jayne Mansfield


imagesize = 200px
caption = Publicity still from the movie "Kiss Them for Me"
birthname = Vera Jayne Palmer
birthdate = birth date|mf=yes|1933|4|19|mf=y
birthplace = Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, United States
deathdate = death date and age|mf=yes|1967|6|29|1933|4|19
deathplace = U.S. Highway 90 near Slidell, Louisiana, United States
restingplace = Pen Argyl, Pennsylvania, United States
restingplacecoordinates =
othername =
occupation = Film, stage and TV actor, singer, nightclub performer, Playboy Playmate
yearsactive =
spouse = Paul Mansfield (1950–1958)
Miklós Hargitay (1958–1964)
Matt Cimber (1964–1966)
partner =
children = Jayne Marie Mansfield, Miklós Jeffrey Palmer Hargitay, Zoltán Anthony Hargitay, Mariska Magdolina Hargitay, Antonio Raphael Ottaviano
parents =
influences =
influenced =
website =
goldenglobeawards = Most Promising Newcomer - Female
1957 "The Wayward Bus"
awards = Playboy (1955), Playmate of the Month, February
Theater World Award (1956), Best Actor - Female, "Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?"
Golden Laurel (1959), Top Female Musical Performance, "The Sheriff of Fractured Jaw"

Jayne Mansfield (April 19, 1933 – June 29, 1967) was an American actress working both on Broadway and in Hollywood. One of the leading blonde sex symbols of the 1950s, [ [http://www.time.com/time/time100/heroes/profile/monroe01.html Heroes and Icons: Marilyn Monroe] , TIME Magazine; "Retrieved: 2007-09-21"] Mansfield, like Marilyn Monroe, was a "Playboy" Playmate of the Month, and appeared in the magazine several more times over the years. She won the Theatre World Award, Golden Globe and Golden Laurel. Mansfield starred in several popular Hollywood films that emphasized her platinum-blonde hair, hourglass figure and cleavage-revealing costumes.

Though Mansfield's career was short-lived, she had several box office successes. As the demand for blonde bombshells declined in the 1960s, Mansfield was relegated to low-budget melodramas and comedies, but remained a popular celebrity. In her later career she continued to attract large crowds in foreign countries, and in lucrative and successful nightclub tours. Mansfield died in an automobile accident at the age of 34.

Early life

Mansfield, of German and English ancestry, was the only child of Herbert William and Vera (nee Jeffrey) Palmer. Her birthname was Vera Jayne Palmer. [ [http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=gheller&id=I1057 Heller & More: PA, NJ, New England, Cornwall, NW Europe.] , "worldconnect.rootsweb.com" (January 4, 2004). Retrieved on 2006-12-13.] A natural brunette, she was born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, but spent her early childhood in Phillipsburg, New Jersey. When she was three years old, her father, a lawyer who was in practice with future New Jersey governor Robert B. Meyner, died of a heart attack while driving a car with his wife and daughter. After his death, her mother worked as a school teacher. In 1939, when Vera Palmer remarried, the family moved to Dallas, Texas. Mansfield's desire to become an actress developed at an early age. After high school she studied drama and physics at Southern Methodist University.

In 1950, Vera Jayne Palmer married Paul Mansfield; thus becoming Jayne Mansfield. Her acting aspirations were temporarily put on hold with the birth of her first child, Jayne Marie Mansfield, on November 8, 1950 at the age of 17. She juggled motherhood and classes at the University of Texas at Austin, then spent a year at Camp Gordon, Georgia during her husband's service in the United States Army. She attended UCLA during the summer of 1953 then went back to Texas for fall quarter at Southern Methodist University. In Dallas she became a student of actor Baruch Lumet, father of director Sidney Lumet and founder of the Dallas Institute of the Performing Arts. On October 22, 1953, she first appeared on stage in a production of Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman".

Mansfield won several beauty contests while living in Texas, including Miss Photoflash, Miss Magnesium Lamp, and Miss Fire Prevention. The one title she turned down was Miss Roquefort Cheese, because it "just didn't sound right." Frequent references have been made to her very high IQ, which she advertised as 163. She spoke five languages, and was a classically trained pianist and violinist. [ [http://www.jaynemansfield.com/biography.html Official Jayne Mansfield Web Site ] ] Mansfield admitted her public didn't care about her brains. "They're more interested in 40-21-35," she said. [ [http://archive.salon.com/people/feature/2001/08/06/jayne_mansfield/index.htm Jayne Mansfield indexed] ]

Early career

Infobox Playboy Playmate
name = Jayne Mansfield



imagesize =
caption = Playboy pictorial, February, 1955
issue = February 1955
bust = convert|40|in|cm|abbr=oncite web | url = http://www.playboy.com/girls/playmates/directory/195502.html | title = Playboy Data Sheet: Jayne Mansfield | publisher = Playboy | accessdate = 2008-08-06]
waist = convert|21|in|cm|abbr=on
hips = convert|32|in|cm|abbr=on
height = height|ft=5|in=6 (5ft 8in according to her autopsy)
weight =
preceded = Bettie Page
succeeded =
Mansfield's husband at the time, Paul Mansfield, hoped the birth of their child would discourage her interest in acting. When it did not, he agreed to move to Los Angeles in late 1954 to help further her career. [ [http://www.jaynemansfield.com/biography.html Official Jayne Mansfield website] , sanctioned by CMG Worldwide, official representatives of Mansfield's estate. Retrieved 2006-12-31.] Between a variety of odd jobs, including a stint as a candy vendor at a movie theatre, Mansfield studied drama at UCLA. Her movie career began with bit parts at Warner Brothers. She was signed by the studio after one of its talent scouts discovered her in a production at the Pasadena Playhouse. Mansfield had small roles in "Female Jungle" (1954), and in "Pete Kelly's Blues" (1955) which starred Jack Webb.

In 1955, Paul Wendkos offered her the dramatic role of Gladden in "The Burglar", his film adaptation of David Goodis' novel. The film was done in film noir style, and Mansfield appeared alongside Dan Duryea and Martha Vickers. "The Burglar" was released two years later when Mansfield's fame was at its peak. She was successful in this straight dramatic role, though most of her subsequent film appearances would be either comedic in nature or capitalize on her sex appeal. She made two more movies with Warner Brothers, one of which gave her a minor role as Angel O'Hara, opposite Edward G. Robinson, in "Illegal" (1955).

In 1955, she enjoyed a successful Broadway run acting in "Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?". Returning to Hollywood she starred in the film production of Frank Tashlin's "The Girl Can't Help It" (1956). This was Mansfield's first starring role featured her as an outrageously voluptuous but apparently tone-deaf girlfriend of a retired racketeer. The film features some early performances from Fats Domino, The Platters and Little Richard. [ [http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/girl_cant_help_it/about.php ROTTEN TOMATOES: Movies – Top Movies, Trailers, Tickets & Showtimes] ]

Film career

On May 3 1956, Mansfield signed a long-term contract with 20th Century Fox. She then played a straight dramatic role in "The Wayward Bus" in 1957. With her role in this film she attempted to move away from her "dumb blonde" image and establish herself as a serious actress. This film was adapted from John Steinbeck's novel, and the cast included Dan Dailey and Joan Collins. The film enjoyed reasonable success at the box office.

She won a Golden Globe in 1957 for "New Star Of The Year - Actress", beating Carroll Baker and Natalie Wood, for her performance as a "wistful derelict" in "The Wayward Bus". It was "generally conceded to have been her best acting," according to "The New York Times", in a fitful career hampered by her flamboyant image, distinctive voice ("a soft-voiced coo punctuated with squeals"), ["Jayne Mansfield Dies in New Orleans Car Crash," "The New York Times, June 30, 1967, p. 33] voluptuous figure, and limited acting range.

Mansfield reprised her role of Rita Marlowe in the 1957 movie version of "Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?", co-starring Tony Randall and Joan Blondell. "The Girl Can't Help It" and "Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?" were popular successes in their day and are considered classics. Her fourth starring role in a Hollywood film was "Kiss Them for Me" (1957) in which she received prominent billing alongside Cary Grant. However, in the film itself she is little more than comedy relief while Grant's character shows a preference for a sleek, demure redhead portrayed by fashion model Suzy Parker. "Kiss Them for Me" was a box office disappointment and would prove to be her final starring role in a mainstream Hollywood studio film. She was also offered a part opposite Jack Lemmon in "Bell, Book and Candle" but had to turn it down due to pregnancy.

Despite her monumental publicity and public popularity, good roles dried up for Mansfield after 1959. She nevertheless kept busy in a series of low-budget films, mostly in Europe.

Fox tried to cast Mansfield opposite Paul Newman in his ill-fated first attempt at comedy, "Rally Round The Flag, Boys", but Mansfield's "Wayward Bus" co-star Joan Collins was selected for the role. In 1960 Fox lent her to appear in two independent gangster thrillers in England. These were "Too Hot to Handle", which was directed by Terence Young and co-starred Karlheinz Böhm, and "The Challenge", co-starring Anthony Quayle. Fox also lined up "It Happened in Athens". This Olympic-themed movie was filmed in Greece and would not be released until 1962. Despite receiving top billing in "It Happened in Athens", Mansfield was relegated to a colorful, scantily-clad supporting role.

In 1963, Tommy Noonan persuaded Mansfield to become the first mainstream American actress to appear nude with a starring role in the film "Promises! Promises!". Photographs of a naked Mansfield on the set were published in "Playboy." In one notorious set of images, Mansfield stares at one of her breasts, as does her male secretary and a hair stylist, then grasps it in one hand and lifts it high. The sold-out issue resulted in an obscenity charge for Hugh Hefner, which was later dropped. "Promises! Promises!" was banned in Cleveland, but it enjoyed box office success elsewhere. As a result of the film's success, Mansfield landed on the Top 10 list of Box Office Attractions for that year."Jayne Mansfield: A Bio-bibliography by Jocelyn Faris", p. 10] The autobiographical book, "Jayne Mansfield's Wild, Wild World", she wrote together with Mickey Hargitay, was published right after "Promises! Promises!" and contains 32 pages of black-and-white photographs from the film printed on glossy paper. [ [http://www.amazon.com/dp/B000MU0F3U "Jayne Mansfield's Wild, Wild World"] on Amazon.com]

In 1963 Mansfield appeared in the low-budget West German movie "Homesick for St. Pauli" with Austrian-born schlager singer Freddy Quinn. She played Evelyne, a sexy American singer who is traveling to Hamburg by ship. She is followed by an Elvis-like American pop star played by Quinn. Mansfield sang two German songs in the movie, though her speaking voice was dubbed. She remained a highly visible personality despite her film career setbacks for her publicity antics and stage performances.

By 1962 Mansfield still commanded high prices as a live performer, though she openly yearned to establish a more sophisticated image. She announced that she wanted to study acting in New York, in apparent emulation of Marilyn Monroe's stint with the Actors' Studio. But her reliance on the racy publicity that had set her path to fame would also prove to be her downfall. Fox did not renew its contract with her in 1962.

Publicity stunts

By the late 1950s, Mansfield began to generate a great deal of negative publicity due to her repeated successful attempts to expose her breasts in carefully staged public "accidents". Her bosom was so much a part of her public persona that talk-show host Jack Paar once welcomed the actress to "The Tonight Show" by saying, "Here they are, Jayne Mansfield", a line that was written for Paar by Dick Cavett and became the title of her biography by Raymond Strait. ["Country Boy", Time, January 28, 1966] Early in her career, the prominence of her breasts was considered problematic, leading her to be cut from her first professional assignment, an advertising campaign for General Electric, which depicted several young women in bathing suits relaxing around a pool.Harv|Strait|1992|p=116]

Mansfield appeared in about 2,500 newspaper photographs between September 1956 and May 1957, and had about 122,000 lines of newspaper copy written about her during this time. [Tom Pendergast, Sara Pendergast;"St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture"; Page 260; St. James Press; 2000; ISBN 1558624015] Because of the successful media blitz, Mansfield was a household name.

Mansfield's most celebrated physical attributes would fluctuate in size due to her pregnancies and breast feeding five children. Her smallest measurement was 40D (which she was throughout the 50s), and largest at 46DD, when measured by the press in 1967. According to "Playboy", her measurement was 40D-21-36 and her height was 5'6". According to her autopsy report, she was 5'8".

In April 1957, her bosom was the feature of a notorious publicity stunt intended to deflect attention from Sophia Loren during a dinner party in the Italian star's honor. Photographs of the encounter were published around the world. The most famous image showed Loren raising a contemptuous eyebrow at the American actress who, sitting between Loren and her dinner companion, Clifton Webb, had leaned over the table, allowing her breasts to spill over her low neckline and exposing one nipple.

A similar incident, resulting in the full exposure of both breasts, occurred during a film festival in West Berlin, when Mansfield was wearing a low-cut dress and her second husband, Mickey Hargitay, picked her up so she could bite a bunch of grapes hanging overhead at a party; the movement caused her breasts to erupt out of the dress. The photograph of that episode was a UPI sensation, appearing in newspapers and magazines with the word "censored" hiding the actress's exposed bosom.

The world media was quick to condemn Mansfield's stunts, and one editorial columnist wrote, "We are amused when Miss Mansfield strains to pull in her stomach to fill out her bikini better. But we get angry when career-seeking women, shady ladies, and certain starlets and actresses ... use every opportunity to display their anatomy unasked."

Throughout her career, Mansfield was compared to the reigning sex symbol of the period, Marilyn Monroe. Of this comparison, she said, "I don't know why you people [the press] like to compare me to Marilyn or that girl, what's her name, Kim Novak. Cleavage, of course, helped me a lot to get where I am. I don't know how they got there." [Harv|Strait|1992|p=??]

Even with her film roles drying up she was widely considered to be Monroe's primary rival in a crowded field of contenders that included Mamie Van Doren (whom Mansfield considered her professional nemesis), Diana Dors, Cleo Moore, Barbara Nichols, Joi Lansing, and Sheree North.

A popular misconception still believed to be true is that Mansfield was a supporter of the Church Of Satan and had an affair with Satanist leader Anton LaVey. In truth, Mansfield posed with LaVey for publicity photos, as did Sammy Davis, Jr. and Mia Farrow. While Mansfield was interested in the occult, she remained a Christian throughout her entire life. Mansfield's eldest daughter, Jayne Marie Mansfield, has dismissed her mother's involvement in the Church of Satan. [Edward Webber (interview by Aquino 6/2/91); interview with Mansfield quoted in "Jayne Mansfield" by May Mann, Pocket Books, 1974]

Career outside film

tage work

Mansfield acted on stage as well as in film. In 1955, she went to New York and appeared in a prominent role in the Broadway production of George Axelrod's comedy "Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?". The "New York Times" described the "commendable abandon" of her scantily clad rendition of Rita Marlowe in the play, "a platinum-pated movie siren with the wavy contours of Marilyn Monroe. [Atkinson, Brooks. "Theatre: Axelrod's Second Comedy," "The New York Times", October 14, 1955, p. 22]

In October 1957, Mansfield went on a 16-country tour of Europe for 20th Century Fox. She also appeared in stage productions of "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" and "Bus Stop", which were well reviewed and co-starred Hargitay. Dissatisfied with her film roles, Mansfield and Hargitay headlined at the Dunes in Las Vegas in an act called "The House of Love", for which the actress earned $35,000 a week. It proved to be such a hit that she extended her stay, and 20th Century Fox Records subsequently recorded the show for an album called "Jayne Mansfield Busts Up Las Vegas", in 1962.

With her film career floundering, she still commanded a salary of $8,000-$25,000 per week for her nightclub act. She traveled all over the world with it. In 1967, the year she died, Mansfield's time was split between nightclub performances and the production of her last film, "Single Room Furnished", a low-budget production directed by then-husband Matt Cimber.

Recordings

In addition to singing in English and German in a number of films, in 1964, Mansfield released a novelty album called "", on which she recited Shakespeare's sonnets and poems by Marlowe, Browning, Wordsworth, and others against a background of Tchaikovsky's music. The album cover depicted a bouffant-coiffed Mansfield with lips pursed and breasts barely covered by a fur stole, posing between busts of the Russian composer and the Bard of Avon. [ [http://www.triad.rr.com/dance/content/jayne.html Welcome to Raymondo's Dance-o-rama.] "triad.rr.com" Retrieved on 2006-12-13.]

"The New York Times" described the album as the actress reading "30-odd poems in a husky, urban, baby voice". The paper's reviewer went on to state that "Miss Mansfield is a lady with apparent charms, but reading poetry is not one of them." [Lask, Thomas, "Poetry: Revised Editions", The New York Times, August 30, 1964, page X21]

Jimi Hendrix played bass and lead guitar for Mansfield in 1965 on two songs, "As The Clouds Drift By" and "Suey", released together on two sides. According to Hendrix historian Steven Roby ("Black Gold: The Lost Archives Of Jimi Hendrix", Billboard Books) this collaboration happened because they shared the same manager. [ [http://www.dreamtimepodcast.com/2007/11/episode-46-girl-cant-help-it.html Episode 46 - The Girl Can't Help It] ; "Retrieved: 2007-12-11"] [ [http://www.ncbuy.com/news/2002-04-04/1003715.html Jimi Hendrix And Jayne Mansfield: The Untold Story] ; "Retrieved: 2007-12-11"]

Television

Though her roles were becoming increasingly marginalized, in 1964 Mansfield turned down the role of Ginger Grant in "Gilligan's Island", claiming that the role, which eventually was given to Tina Louise, epitomized the stereotype she wished to rid herself of. [ [http://www.loti.com/jayne_mansfield.htm Jayne Mansfield - The Poor Man’s Marilyn Monroe ] ]

Mansfield toured with Bob Hope for the USO and appeared on numerous television programs, including "The Ed Sullivan Show" and "The Jack Benny Show" (where she played the violin), "The Steve Allen Show", "Down You Go", "The Match Game" (one rare episode exists with her as a team captain), and "The Jackie Gleason Show". Mansfield's television roles included appearances in "Burke's Law" and "Alfred Hitchcock Presents". On returning from New York to Hollywood, she made several television appearances, including several spots as a featured guest star on game shows.

In 1962, Mansfield appeared with Brian Keith in ABC's "Follow the Sun" dramatic series in an acclaimed episode entitled "The Dumbest Blonde" in which her character "Scottie" is a beautiful blonde who feels insecure in the high society of her older boyfriend, played by Keith. The plot was based on the film of "Born Yesterday". [ [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0580916/ "Follow the Sun" The Dumbest Blonde (1962) ] ]

Personal life

Mansfield was married three times, divorced twice, and had five children. She reportedly also had affairs and sexual encounters with numerous individuals, including Claude Terrail (the owner of the Paris restaurant La Tour d'Argent), Robert F. Kennedy, [Harv|Strait|1992|pp=153–157, 177–190] John F Kennedy [Jerome A Kroth, " [http://www.google.co.uk/books?id=VStz_I0QcB0C&pg=PA263&dq=%22jayne+mansfield%22+naked+playboy&lr=&sig=PNFdSssm5CXNGXsupAZlIPy1VwY Conspiracy in Camelot] ", Page 263, Inc NetLibrary] and the Brazilian billionaire Jorge Guinle. At the time of her death, Mansfield was accompanied by Sam Brody, her married divorce lawyer and lover at the time.

She secretly married Paul Mansfield on January 28, 1950. The couple had a public wedding on May 10, 1950 and were divorced on January 8, 1958. During this marriage they had one child, Jayne Marie Mansfield. Two weeks before her mother's death, Jayne Marie, then 16, accused her mother's boyfriend, Sam Brody, of beating her. ["Jayne Mansfield Dies in New Orleans Car Crash", "The New York Times", June 30, 1967, p. 33] The girl's statement to officers of the West Los Angeles police department the following morning implicated her mother in encouraging the abuse, and days later, a juvenile-court judge awarded temporary custody of Jayne Marie to a great-uncle, W.W. Pigue. [Harv|Strait|1992|pp=288–289]

Mansfield married Miklós Hargitay, an actor and bodybuilder, (publicly known as Mickey Hargitay, who won the Mr. Universe title in 1955) on January 13, 1958 at The Wayfarers Chapel in Rancho Palos Verdes, California. The unique glass chapel made public and press viewing of the wedding much easier. Jayne herself wore a transparent wedding gown, adding to the occasion's publicity aspect. The couple divorced in Juarez, Mexico in May 1963. The Mexican divorce was initially declared invalid in California, and the two reconciled in October 1963. After the birth of their third child, Mansfield sued for the Juarez divorce to be declared legal and won. The divorce was recognised in the United States on August 26, 1964. She had previously filed for divorce on May 4, 1962, but told reporters "I'm sure we will make it up." ["Miss Mansfield Asks Divorce", "The New York Times", May 4, 1962, p. 25] Their acrimonious divorce had the actress accusing Hargitay of kidnapping one of her children to force a more favorable financial settlement. [Harv|Strait|1992|p=224] During this marriage she had three children — Miklós Jeffrey Palmer Hargitay (born December 21, 1958), Zoltán Anthony Hargitay (born August 1, 1960), and Mariska Magdolina Hargitay (called Maria, born January 24, 1964), an actress best known for her role as Olivia Benson in "".

In November 1957 (shortly before her marriage to Hargitay), Mansfield bought a 40-room Mediterranean-style mansion formerly owned by Rudy Vallee at 10100 Sunset Boulevard in Beverly Hills. Mansfield had the house painted pink, with cupids surrounded by pink fluorescent lights, pink furs in the bathrooms, a pink heart-shaped bathtub, and a fountain spurting pink champagne, and then dubbed it the "Pink Palace". Hargitay, a plumber and carpenter before getting into bodybuilding, built a pink heart-shaped swimming pool. Mansfield decorated the Pink Palace by writing to furniture and building suppliers requesting free samples. She received over $150,000 worth of free merchandise while paying only $76,000 for the mansion itself [ [http://www.jaynemansfield.net/ The Pink Palace] ] (a large sum nonetheless when the average house cost under $7,500 at the time [http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/housing/census/historic/values.html] ).

Mansfield married Matt Cimber ("alias" Matteo Ottaviano, né Thomas Vitale Ottaviano) an Italian-born film director on September 24, 1964. The couple separated on July 11, 1965, and filed for divorce on July 20, 1966. ["Jayne Mansfield Asks Divorce", "The New York Times", July 21, 1966, p. 20] Cimber was a director with whom the actress had become involved when he directed her in a widely praised stage production of "Bus Stop" in Yonkers, New York, which costarred Hargitay. Cimber took over managing her career during their marriage. With him she had one son, Antonio Raphael Ottaviano ("alias" Tony Cimber, born October 17, 1965).

She had a brief affair with Jan Cremer, a young Dutch writer who dedicated his 1965 autobiographical novel, "I, Jan Cremer", to her. ["Books of the Times", "The New York Times", November 1, 1965, p. 39] She also had a well-publicized relationship in 1963 with the singer Nelson Sardelli, whom she said she planned to marry once her divorce from Hargitay was finalized. [Harv|Strait|1992|pp=167–168, 170, 173–174, 195, 197, 202, 203, 207, 208, 224–225] Work on her last film, "Single Room Furnished", was suspended as her marriage to director Matt Cimber began to collapse in the wake of Mansfield's alcohol abuse, open infidelities, and her claim to Cimber that she had only ever been happy with her former lover, Nelson Sardelli. [David Wallace, Ann Miller; "Hollywoodland"; St. Martin's Press; 2003]

Death

While in Biloxi, Mississippi, for an engagement at the Gus Stevens Supper Club, Mansfield stayed at the Cabana Courtyard Apartments, which were near the site of the supper club. After a June 28, 1967 evening engagement, Mansfield, Brody, and their driver, Ronnie Harrison, along with the actress's children Miklós, Zoltán, and Mariska, set out in Stevens' 1966 Buick Electra 225 for New Orleans, where Mansfield was to appear in an early morning television interview. Prior to leaving Biloxi, the party made a stop at the home of Rupert and Edna O'Neal, a local family that lived nearby. After a late dinner with the O'Neals, during which the last photographs ever taken of Ms. Mansfield were shot, the party set out on the trip to New Orleans. On June 29 at approximately 2:25 a.m., on U.S. Highway 90, the car crashed into the rear of a tractor-trailer that had slowed down because of a truck spraying mosquito fogger. The automobile struck the rear of the semi tractor and underrode it. Riding in the front seat, the adults were killed instantly; the children riding in the rear survived with minor injuries. [ [http://www.walkerpub.com/radio_jaynemansfield.html The night Jayne Mansfield died, June 29, 1967.] "walkerpub.com" Retrieved on 2006-12-13.]

Rumors that Mansfield was decapitated are untrue, though she did suffer severe head trauma. This urban legend was spawned by the appearance in police photographs of a crashed automobile with its top virtually sheared off, and what resembles a blonde-haired head tangled in the car's smashed windshield. It is believed that this was either a wig that Mansfield was wearing or was her actual hair and scalp. [ [http://www.snopes.com/movies/actors/jayne.htm Jayne Mansfield.] "snopes.com" (January 3, 2001). Retrieved on 2006-12-13.] The death certificate stated that the immediate cause of Mansfield's death was a "crushed skull with avulsion of cranium and brain." [ [http://www.findadeath.com/Deceased/m/Mansfield/dc.jpgFindadeath.com] Mansfield death certificate] Following her death, the NHTSA began requiring an underride guard, a strong bar made of steel tubing, to be installed on all tractor-trailers. This bar is also known as a Mansfield bar. [ [http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1679241 Underride Guard on Everything2] ; Retrieved: 2007-11-29"] [" Reauthorization of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration"; page 39; United States, Congress Committee on Commerce; 1997]

Mansfield's funeral was held on July 3, in Pen Argyl, Pennsylvania. The ceremony was officiated by a Methodist minister, though Mansfield, who long tried to convert to Catholicism, had become interested in Judaism at the end of her life through her relationship with Sam Brody. [Harv|Strait|1992|p=11] She is interred in Fairview Cemetery, southeast of Pen Argyl. Her gravestone reads "We Live to Love You More Each Day". A memorial cenotaph, showing an incorrect birth year, was erected in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery, Hollywood, California. The cenotaph was placed by The Jayne Mansfield Fan Club and has the incorrect birth year because Mansfield herself tended to provide incorrect information about her age.

Shortly after Mansfield's funeral, Mickey Hargitay sued his former wife's estate for more than $275,000 to support the children, whom he and his third and last wife, Ellen Siano, would raise. Mansfield's youngest child, Tony, was raised by his father, Matt Cimber, whose divorce from the actress was pending when she was killed. In 1968, wrongful-death lawsuits were filed on behalf of Jayne Marie Mansfield and Matt Cimber, the former for $4.8 million and the latter for $2.7 million. ["Jayne Mansfield Suit Filed", "The New York Times", June 23, 1968, p. 22] The "Pink Palace" was sold and its subsequent owners have included Ringo Starr, Cass Elliot, and Engelbert Humperdinck. [ [http://www.jaynemansfield.net/ Web Bio] from fansite] In 2002, Humperdinck sold it to developers, and the house was demolished in November of that year. Much of her estate is managed by CMG Worldwide, an intellectual property management company. [ [http://www.cmgww.com/clients.html CMG Worldwide Clients] ]

Recognition

* In February 1955, Mansfield was the Playmate of the Month in "Playboy", [ [http://www.playboy.com/girls/playmates/directory/195502.html Jayne Mansfield Bios, Miss February 1955, Playboy Playmate Pic and Data Sheet.] "playboy.com". Retrieved on 2006-12-13.] in which she subsequently appeared over 30 times. [ [http://www.aeolia.net/playboy/pb-m.htm The Playboy Index - M ] ]
* Although Mansfield was reluctant to appear in the play, she received the Theatre World Award of 1956 for her performance in the Broadway production of George Axelrod's comedy "Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?". [ [http://www.theatreworldawards.org/award.html Awards] , Theatre World Awards Website; Retrieved: 2008-01-25]
* Mansfield won a Golden Globe in 1957 for "New Star Of The Year - Actress" [ [http://www.goldenglobes.org/browse/member/29189 Jayne Mansfield page at Golden Globe site] ] [Thomas O'Neil; "Movie Awards: The Ultimate, Unofficial Guide to the Oscars, Golden Globes, Critics, Guild and Indie Honor"; page 839; Penguin USA; ISBN 0399529225]
* Mansfield won a Golden Laurel in 1959 for "Top Female Musical Performance" for her role in "The Sheriff of Fractured Jaw", a western spoof directed by Raoul Walsh, [Thomas O'Neil; "Movie Awards: The Ultimate, Unofficial Guide to the Oscars, Golden Globes, Critics, Guild and Indie Honor"; page 817; Penguin USA; ISBN 0399529225] although the songs were performed by Connie Francis.
* In 1963, Mansfield was voted one of the Top 10 Box Office Attractions by an organization of American theater owners for her performance in "Promises! Promises!", a film banned in areas around the US.
* Mansfield has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6328 Hollywood Boulevard. [ [http://www.hollywoodusa.co.uk/walkoffame.htm Hollywood Walk of Fame] ]

Filmography

Discography

Albums

* "Jayne Mansfield Busts up Las Vegas" (20th Century Fox, 1962)
* "" (MGM, 1964)
* "I Wanna Be Loved By You" (Golden Options, 2000)
* "Dyed Blondes" (Recall Records, 2002)
* "Too Hot to Handle" (Blue Moon, France, 2003)

ingles

* "That Makes It" ("The Las Vegas Hillbillys")
* "Too Hot to Handle" ("Too Hot to Handle")
* "Little Things Mean a Lot"
* "As The Clouds Drift By" (with Jimi Hendrix)
* "Suey" (with Jimi Hendrix)
* "You Were Made for Me"
* "Wo Ist Der Mann" ("Homesick for St. Pauli")
* "Snicksnack-Snucklchen" ("Homesick for St. Pauli")
* "It's a Living"

Theater performances

* Death of a Salesman (1953)
* Bus Stop (1965)
* Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1966)
* Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (1955–1956)
* Rabbit Habit (1965)

Books

* "Jayne Mansfield's Wild, Wild World" (Holloway House; 1964; co-author: Mickey Hargitay)

ee also

* List of people in Playboy 1953–1959
* List of people in Playboy 1960-1969

References

* Harvard reference
Surname1 = Strait
Given1 = Raymond
Surname2=
Given2=
Year = 1992
Title = Here They Are Jayne Mansfield
Publisher= S.P.I. Books, US
ISBN = ISBN 1-56171-146-2
Pages =

* cite book
last = Saxton
first = Martha
title = Jayne Mansfield and the American Fifties
publisher = Bantam
year=1976
location = US
id = ISBN 0-553-02556-2

* cite book
last = Luijters
first = Guus
title = Sexbomb: The Life and Death of Jayne Mansfield
publisher = Kensington
month=June | year=1988
location = US
id = ISBN 0-8065-1049-8

* cite book
last = Faris
first = Jocelyn
title = Jayne Mansfield: A Bio-Bibliography
publisher = Greenwood Press
month=November | year=1994
location = UK
id = ISBN 0-313-28544-6

* "Jayne Mansfield: Blonde Ambition", a documentary broadcast on the A&E Network in 2004.
* "Dead Famous: Jayne Mansfield", biography.com

Footnotes

External links

*
*
*
*
* [http://www.findadeath.com/Deceased/m/Mansfield/jayne_mansfield.htm JM's death] at Find a Death

Online biographies

* [http://www.philadelphiaweekly.com/articles/12039 Biographical timeline] at Philadelphia Weekly
* [http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biography_home/200:421/Jayne_Mansfield.htm JM's Biography] at the Biography Channel
* [http://www.dreamtimepodcast.com/2007/11/episode-46-girl-cant-help-it.html JM's Biography] at Dreamtime
* [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_bio/ai_2419200783 JM's Biography] at Find Articles (from St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture)
* [http://www.bombshells.com/jayne/index.php JM's bio and other facts] at Bombshells

Fansites

* [http://www.jaynemansfield.net/ Jayne Mansfield Online Fanclub]
* [http://www.lovingjaynemansfield.com/ Loving Jayne Mansfield Fansite]
* [http://www.jaynemansfield.com/ The Official Jayne Mansfield Website]

Persondata
NAME = Mansfield, Jayne
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = American actress
DATE OF BIRTH = April 19, 1933 — June 29, 1967
PLACE OF BIRTH = Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, United States
DATE OF DEATH = June 29, 1967
PLACE OF DEATH = New Orleans, United States


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jayne Mansfield — (* 19. April 1933 in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania; † 29. Juni 1967 auf dem U.S. Highway 90 nahe Slidell; eigentlich Vera Jayne Mansfield, geb. Palmer) war eine US amerikanische Filmschauspielerin und Sexsymbol der 1950er Jahre. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jayne Mansfield — Nombre real Vera Jayne Palmer Nacimiento 19 de abril de 1933 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jayne Mansfield — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mansfield. Jayne Mansfield …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jayne Mansfield 1967 — Auteur Simon Liberati Genre Roman Pays d origine  France Éditeur Grasset …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jayne Mansfield in popular culture — Actress, singer, Playboy Playmate and stage show performer Jayne Mansfield, despite her limited success in Hollywood, had an enormous impact on popular culture of the late 1950s and has remained a popular subject in popular culture ever since.… …   Wikipedia

  • Jayne Mansfield biographical timeline — This is a chronology of the life and times of Jayne Mansfield, a leading American actress, model, Playboy Playmate and sex symbol.Early years*1933: Jayne Mansfield is born Vera Jane Palmer in Bryn Mawr to Herbert William Palmer and Vera Jeffrey… …   Wikipedia

  • The Jayne Mansfield Story — Infobox Film name = The Jayne Mansfield Story image size = caption = director = Dick Lowry producer = writer = Charles Dennis Nancy Gayle narrator = starring = Loni Anderson Arnold Schwarzenegger music = cinematography = editing = distributor =… …   Wikipedia

  • The Jayne Mansfield Story — est un téléfilm américaine de 1980. La montée et la chute vertigineuse de la bombe d Hollywood : Jayne Mansfield. Distribution Loni Anderson : Jayne Mansfield Arnold Schwarzenegger : Mickey Hargitay Ray Buktenica : Bob Garrett …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mansfield (disambiguation) — Mansfield may refer to: Mansfield, a town in Nottinghamshire, England, pop. 69,987 or it may refer to: Contents 1 Places 1.1 Australia 1.2 Canada 1.3 United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Jayne — ist der Vorname von: Jayne Brook (* 1960), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Jayne Cortez (* 1936), US amerikanische Schriftstellerin und Vokalimprovisatorin Jayne Heitmeyer (* 1960), kanadische Schauspielerin Jayne Mansfield (1933–1967), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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