List of political parties in the Philippines


List of political parties in the Philippines
Evolution of political parties.

Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and are plentiful in number.

The Philippines has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. There are two types of parties in the Philippines and these are: major parties, who correspond typically to traditional political parties, and minor parties or party-list organizations, who rely on the party-list system to win Congressional seats.

Contents

National parties in office

Major parties

The COMELEC identified three types of national parties for the 2010 election:

  1. Dominant majority party (Lakas-Kampi)
  2. Dominant minority party (Liberal)
  3. Six major parties

The eight parties are listed below:[1]

Name Abbr. Leader International Seats in the House Seats in the Senate Notes
Liberal Party LP President Benigno Aquino III and Manuel "Mar" Roxas II Liberal International
Alliance of Democrats, Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
73 4 Originally the Nacionalista Party-Roxas Wing; member of the Aquino-Laurel UNIDO (1986)
Lakas-Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas Kampi CMD Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Centrist Democrat International 61 4 Merged from Lakas-CMD (member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO) and KAMPI
Nationalist People's Coalition NPC Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. none 30 2 Offshoot of the Nacionalista Party; formerly known as Partido Pilipino
Nacionalista Party NP Manuel Villar, Jr. none 22 4 Oldest political party in the Philippines
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino PMP Joseph Estrada none 5 2
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan PDP-Laban Aquilino Pimentel III None 2 1 Former member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO (1986)
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino LDP Edgardo Angara none 1 1 Former member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO (1986)
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan KBL Imelda Marcos none 1 0 Offshoot of the Nacionalista Party

Parties represented in Congress

Name Abbr. Leader Seats in the House Seats in the Senate Notes
National Unity Party NUP Pablo P. Garcia 30 0 offshoot of the Lakas Kampi CMD
People's Reform Party PRP Miriam Defensor-Santiago 0 1
Workers and Peasants Party WPP Jose Malvar Villegas 1 0 Formerly Lapiang Manggagawa (LM; Labor Party) and formerly under coalition with Partido Para sa Demokratikong Reporma (Reporma; Party for Democratic Reform)

Other national parties

These are the other national parties that contested the 2010 elections. COMELEC classifies "national" parties as parties that are not restricted to one locality (province/district/city/municipality).

Contested the presidential election

These are the national parties that contested the Philippine presidential election, 2010:

Name Abbr. Leader Notes
Bagumbayan-Volunteers for a New Philippines (New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines) Bagumbayan-VNP Richard Gordon Offshoot of Lakas Kampi CMD
Bangon Pilipinas Party (Rise Up Philippines Party) BP Perfecto Yasay

Contested the Senate election

These are the national parties that contested the Philippine Senate election, 2010:

Name Abbr. Leader Notes
Ang Kapatiran (Alliance for the Common Good) AKP Reynaldo Pacheco
Gabaybayan Gabaybayan Francisco Tatad Formerly the Grand Alliance for Democracy.

Contested the House elections

These are the national parties that contested the Philippine House of Representatives elections, 2010:

Name Abbr. Leader Notes
Akbayan Citizens' Action Party Akbayan Archilles Canete Contests the party-list election
Aksyon Demokratiko (Democratic Action) Akyson Sonia Roco
Alliance for Nationalism and Democracy ANAD Marcelo S. Pelisco Contests the party-list election
Anakpawis AP Rafael V. Mariano Part of Bagong Alyansang Makabayan umbrella; contests the party-list election
Bayani (Heroism) Bayani Guiling A. Mamondiong Contests the party-list election
Bayan Muna (Nation First) Bayan Muna Reynaldo Lesaca Part of Bagong Alyansang Makabayan umbrella; contests the party-list election
Bigkis Pinoy Movement Bigkis Amando D. Ocampo, Jr. Contests the party-list election
Buhay Hayaan Yumabong (Allow Life to Prosper) BUHAY Melquiades Robles Contests the party-list election
Buklod Buklod Benjamin R. Punongbayan
Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas (Democratic Socialist Party of the Philippines) PDSP Norberto Gonzales
Kasosyo Producer-Consumer Exchange Asso., Inc. KASOSYO Jaime B. Tuanquin, Sr. Contests the party-list election
Sulong Barangay Movement (Forward Barangay Movement) Francisco Gomez, Jr. Contests the party-list election

Other parties

Name Abbr. Leader Notes
Abag PROMDI Archilles Canete
Alliance for Barangay Concerns ABC James Marty Lim
Asenso Pilipino Party APP Manny Villar
Katipunan ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Society of Democratic Filipinos) Antonio A.S. Valdez
Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago (Movement for National Renewal) Bago Eduardo Bondoc
Laban para sa Kapayapaan, Katarungan at Kaunlaran KKK Rafaelito Garayblas
National Alliance for Democracy NAD Joel Pontillas
Organized Support for the Movement to Enhance the National Agenda OSMEÑA John Henry Osmeña
Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas (Nationalist Party of the Philippines) PNP Susan Ople
Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma (Party for Democratic Reform) PDR Renato de Villa
Philippine Green Republican Party PGRP Felix Cantal
Rizalist Party Rizalist Gregorio Maunahan
Social Justice Society SJS Samson Alcantara

Local parties

Name Abbr. Location Leader Notes
Buklod Capampangan Pampanga and Angeles Estelito Mendoza
Bileg Ti La Union La Union Joaquin Ortega
Christian Muslim Independent Party Zamboanga del Norte Tiburcio Pasquil
Move Makati Makati Romulo de Guzman
Lapiang Bagong Lakas ng Nueva Ecija BALANE Nueva Ecija Tomas Joson affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition
Partido Magdalo Cavite Victor Remulla affiliated with Nacionalista Party
Malay Democrats of the Philippines Quezon City Salvador Enriquez, Jr.
Bicol Saro Bicol Region Ma. Corazon Imperial
Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran KABAKA Manila's 5th and 6th congressional districts Carlito Guang supports Lito Atienza
Panaghuisa Cebu and Cebu City John Osmeña
Paglaum Sang Banwa Negros Occidental Alfredo Montelibano, Jr.
Sarangani Reconciliation and Reformation Organization SARRO Sarangani Estelito Mendoza affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Kusog Han Eastern Samar Eastern Samar Jaime Opinion
Philippine Christian Nationalist Party Quezon City Andres Genito
Retailers Party Manila's 3rd congressional district Estelito Mendoza
Islamic Party of the Philippines Mindanao Ebrahim Abdurrahman
Forward with Vitality for Reforms-Sigaw ng Kabite FVR Cavite Franco Loyola
Liping Kalookan Caloocan Macario Asistio formerly Grand Kalookan Coalition
People's Progressive Alliance for Peace and Good Government Towards Alleviation of Poverty and Social Advancement Partido PAGASA Western Visayas Rene Juaneza
Lingap Lugud Capampangan Party Pampanga Lito Lapid affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Bileg Ti Agkaykaysa nga Ilokano Party BIAG Ilocos Region, Cagayan Valley, Cordillera Administrative Region Joey Alangwawi
Pinag-isang Lakas Tungo sa Pagbabako PINATUBO Zambales and Olongapo Philip Camara
Democratic Alliance of Mindanaoans for Good Government DAMAGO Davao Region and SOCCSKSARGEN Fernando Toquillo
Pusyon Pilipino Central Visayas Casimiro Madarang, Jr.
Abante Anak Bisaya Central Visayas Geraldo Carillo
Muslim Reform Party MRP Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur Kamar Mindalano
Katipunan ng Bagong Caloocan KABACA Caloocan Gwendolyn Emnace
Ummah Party Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur and Iligan Geraldo Carillo
Bileg Ti Ilocano BILEG Ilocos Sur Luis Singson
United Negros Alliance UNA Negros Occidental Alfredo Marañon, Jr. affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition
Quezon Nationalist Democratic Party Quezon and Lucena Bienvenido Marquez, Jr.
Sama Sama Tarlac Tarlac Candido Guiam
Kasangga ng Bayan, Tao, Kalikasan at Kaunlaran KABATAK Parañaque Joey Marquez
Democratic Alliance DA Central Luzon Romeo Taruc
Barog Alang sa Kausawagan ug Demokrasya BAKUD Cebu's 5th congressional district Ramon Durano III
Alayon Alang sa Kalambu-an ng Kalinaw ALAYON Central Visayas John Osmeňa
Compostela Valley Rainbow Alliance CORAL Compostela Valley Rogelio Sarmiento
Kilusang Diwa ng Taguig KDT Taguig Dante Tinga affiliated with Liberal Party
Katig-buan Nortehanon Northern Samar Emil Ong
Cotabato United People's Movement Cotabato Emmanuel Piñol
Partido Pundok Biliranon Biliran Danilo Parilla
Pangkat Laguna Laguna Marito Mendoza
Partido Tapat Taguig and Pateros Edmundo de Borja also known as Taguig-Pateros Action Team
Catanduanes Alliance for Reform and Democracy CARD Catanduanes Dexter Francisco
People's Alliance Development of Romblon PADER Romblon Natalio Beltran, Jr.
Aton Tamdon Utod Negros-anon ATUN Negros Occidental Rafael Coscolluela
Kusi Uswag Sugbu KUSUG Cebu City Alvin Garcia
People's Consultative (Mushawara) Party Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Lanao del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur Basher Caluato Edris
Caloocan Team for Action and Progress CATAPAT Caloocan Bonifacio Alis
Partido Batangueño Batangas Franklin Tabaquin, Jr.
Ugyon Visayas Franklin Drilon affiliated with Liberal Party
Partido del Pilar Bulacan Manuel G. Roxas affiliated with Liberal Party
Nagkakaisang Partido ng mga Kapampangan Pampanga Zenaide Ducut
Partido Navoteño Navotas Toby Tiangco affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Partido Dimasalang Laguna Teresita Lazaro affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Timawa Iloilo City Rona Anape-Ganzon
Lanao People's Party Lanao del Sur Casan Macabanding
Reform Caloocan Party Caloocan Russel Ramirez
United Guardians Party UGP Western Visayas and Central Visayas Billy Bibit
Siap Party Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Aleem Abdul Matabalo Amerol
Economic Development and Social Advancement EDSA Central Visayas Melchor Cubillo
Biskeg na Pangasinan Party BISKEG Pangasinan Oscar Lambino affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Padajon Surigao PS Surigao del Norte Francisco Matugas affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
United Citizens of Caloocan Party UCCP Caloocan Nilo Divina
Alliance of Bicolnon Party ABP-BICOLNON Bicol Region Enrique Olonan
People's Champ Movement PCM General Santos and Sarangani Manny Pacquiao affiliated with Liberal Party
Ako Bicol Political Party AKB Bicol Region Elizalde Co
Unang Sigaw-Partido ng Pagbabago USPP Nueva Ecija Aurelio Umali affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Partido Magdiwang San Juan Joseph Victor Ejercito affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Democracy of the Independent Liberal Conservative Party DILC Liloan, Cebu Vincent Frasco
Partido Pagbabago ng Palawan PPP Palawan Jose Alvarez affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Kalapian ng mga Kaibigan ng Kaunlaran-Bayan ng Hagonoy LAPIANG K Hagonoy, Bulacan Angel Cruz, Jr.
Sulong Palawan Party SPP Palawan and Puerto Princesa Vincent Dennis Socrates
Ugyon Kita Capiz UK CAPIZ Capiz Frenedil Castro affiliated with Nacionalista Party
Democratic Tabula Tua Cagayan Delfin Telan Ting affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Citizens Call for Action Party of Zamboanga City CCA Zamboanga City Susan de los Reyes
Mindoro Sandugo Para sa Kaunlaran SANDUGO Oriental Mindoro Agustin Cusi
One Cebu 1-CEBU Cebu Gwendolyn Garcia affiliated with National Unity Party
Adelante Zamboanga Party AZAP Zamboanga City Jose Lobregat
Aksyon Magsasaka-Partido ng Tinig ng Masa AKMA-PTM SOCCSKSARGEN Ali Sangki
Lingkod Bayan-Sulong Taguig Coalition LINGKOD TAGUIG Taguig Angelito Reyes
Partido Bagong San Pablo San Pablo, Laguna Arsenio Escuderro, Jr.
Kapanalig at Kambilan Ning Memalen Pampanga KAMBILAN Pampanga Rosve Henson
Partido Malolenyo PM Malolos, Bulacan Carolina Mangawang
Asenso Manileño Movement AMM Manila Danilo Lacuna affiliated with Nacionalista Party and Liberal Party, coalition partner with Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan
Achievers with Integrity Movement AIM South Cotabato Adelbert Antonino
Partido Balikatan ng Bataan BALIKATAN Bataan Enrique Garcia, Jr.
Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan KKK Manila Alfredo Lim affiliated with Liberal Party, coalition partner with Asenso Manileño Movement
Bando Osmeña – Pundok Kauswagan BO-PK Cebu Raul del Mar affiliated with Liberal Party
Padayon Pilipino PDP Cagayan de Oro Vicene Emano affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino

Not registered to the government

These are the national parties are not registered at the Commission on Elections:

Name Abbr. Leader Ideology Position Notes
Communist Party of the Philippines CCP Jose Maria Sison Maoism Far-left Offshoot of the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 (Philippine Communist Party) PKP-1930 Pedro Baguisa Communism Far-left

Historical parties/coalitions

Parties

Major coalitions

Election year Administration Opposition
Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) was the incumbent.
1986 Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) United Nationalists Democratic Organizations (UNIDO)
Marcos was declared winner but was overthrown at the People Power Revolution days later. His supporters was forced into opposition.
1987 United Nationalists Democratic Organizations (UNIDO) Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD)
In 1992, UNIDO broke up and the Marcos loyalists coalesced with the other parties. Fidel V. Ramos (Lakas-NUCD) won the presidential election and his supporters became the administration coalition
1995 Lakas-Laban Coalition Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC)-led coalition
1998 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP, Struggle of Patriotic Filipino Masses)
In 2001, Joseph Estrada was overthrown at the 2001 EDSA Revolution; his supporters was forced into opposition.
2001 People Power Coalition (PPC) Puwersa ng Masa (PnM, Force of the Masses)
2004 Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow) Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP, Coalition of United Filipinos)
2007 TEAM Unity Genuine Opposition (GO)
In 2010, the anti-Arroyo forces were split into different parties: Aquino defeated Estrada and eight others to lead the government under the Liberal Party.

References

See also


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