Pakistan Muslim League (Q)


Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
پاکستان مسلم لیگ ق
Leader Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain President Mushahid Hussain Syed General Sectrary
Founded 2002 by Mian Muhammad Azhar
Headquarters Central Secretariat
Parliament Lodges
Islamabad, Pakistan
Ideology moderate Conservatism, moderate Islamism , Pakistani Nationalism
Political position Centrist
Official colours green
Website
http://www.pml.org.pk
Pakistan

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The Pakistan Muslim League (Q) or officially Pakistan Muslim League (Urdu: پاکستان مسلم لیگ ق) is a centrist, modern political party in Pakistan. The present form of PML-Q was formed prior to 2002 general elections.

The party was formed during regime of former President Pervez Musharraf, who wanted to create a branch of the Pakistan Muslim League which would support him exclusively. His principal secretary, Tariq Aziz "had the idea in advance of the elections of 2002 of converting the PML(N) back to a true PML(Q), the Q standing for "Quaid-e-azam."[1].Although in early stages & after 2008 general elections it was thought that exsistance of this political party might be difficult but this proved only rumors later & this party performed well in politics of Pakistan .

In September 2010 the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) and PML-F united, forming the All Pakistan Muslim League (Pir Pagara).[2][3] On October 4th, 2011, the PML-Q announced its resignation from the National Assembly of Pakistan, citing the failure of the Pakistani Peoples Party to resolve the energy crisis as the reason.[4]

Contents

History

PML (Q) is a political party with influential members such as the Chaudhary's of Gujrat, Pervaiz Elahi and Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain ; Ijaz ul Haq , son of the late General Zia ul Haq ; Humayun Akhtar Khan , son of the late General Akhtar Abdur Rahman , who was a close associate of Zia. In fact , 75 % of its elected members are former "big men" of the Zia ul Haq regime and Nawaz Sharif Government. Factions of the PML-N broke away in 2001 under NAB's pressure to form the Pakistan Muslim League (Q). They were staunch supporters of Pervez Musharraf and consider him their mentor. Although, he was sometimes mistakenly cited as a member, former president Pervez Musharraf was not part of the party itself. Being the President of Pakistan he remained non-partisan and neutral.

Breakaway from PML-N and Founding

The present Pakistan Muslim League (Q) started as a small group of half a dozen like-minded people in the Nawaz Sharif led faction of PML-N, including Mian Mohammad Azhar, Khurshid Kasuri, Syeda Abida Hussain and her husband Syed Fakhar Imam. Mian Mohammad remained the president of the party initially but saprated his ways, he joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf led by Imran Khan

Pervez Musharraf as President of Pakistan asked Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervez Elahi to "galvanise and reinvent the Muslim League." [5]

Several well known leaders later joined the Pakistan Muslim League (Q)( "PML(Q)" ) with Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain as the president of the party.

PML(Q) was launched on August 20, 2002.[6]

2002 general elections

During the 20 October 2002 legislative elections, the party won 25.7% votes and 126 out of 342 members.

Developments during PMLQ Government (2002-2007)

Some economic and social development indicators shown below .

(1)Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which was $ 63 billion in 1999, reached $ 162 billion, grown at an average of 7% .

(2)Per capita income increased to $ 925 from $ 435.

(3)Revenue collection, which was at around Rs.300 billion in 1999, crossed a record Rs.1 trillion, creating more fiscal space for

(4)development expenditures.

(5)Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP), which hovered around Rs.80 billion during the 1988-99 period, reached Rs.520 billion.

(6)Foreign direct investment (FDI), which was around $ 300 million in 1999, peaked to $ 6.5 billion.

(7)Remittances were at a record $ 5.5 billion.

(8)Exports rose from $ 9 billion to $ 17 billion.

(9)Foreign Exchange reserves $ 16 billion.

(10)Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) index rose to 14,000 points from 1000 points in 1999.

However opponents point all the achievements where over 10 years, at time of Strong Global economic growth,Low oil prices and relative to other countries the achievements where average, particularly since a massive Balance of Payments crises began in 2008.

United PML

In May 2004, various PML factions and other political parties merged with the PML-Q to form a united Pakistan Muslim League (PML), thus leaving out only the Nawaz Sharif led faction of PML. They included former President Farooq Leghari's Millat Party, Mr Jahan Zaib Awan, National People's Party, Arbab Ghulam Rahim's Sindh Democratic Alliance, Hamid Nasir Chattha's PML (Junejo), Pir Pagara's PML (Functional), Manzoor Wattoo's PML (Jinnah), and Ijaz-ul-Haq's PML (Zia).[7] Later on, Pir Pagara led faction called the PML-Functional again parted ways with the united PML, which led the number of parties being called Pakistan Muslim League to three; PML-Q, PML-N, and PML-F.

Wings of PMLQ

(1)Federal Capital Wing

(2)Ulma e Mashaikh Wing

(3)Women Wing

(4)Minorities Wing

(5)Human Rights Wing

(6)Lawyers Wing

(7)Youth Wing

(8)Labour Wing

(9)Culture Wing

(10)Sports Wing

2008 general elections

The Pakistan Muslim League (Q) contested the February 2008 legislative election with other allied parties like Muttahida Qaumi Movement, Pakistan Muslim League (F), and National Peoples Party.[8] It was believed that the party wanted former Punjab Chief Minister Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi to become Prime Minister. The PML (Q) lost major parliamentarians in the 2008 general election, gaining only 49 elected seats, and the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the PML (N) opposition parties won the election.

PML (Q) Secretary-General Mushahid Hussain Syed said that, although the party had performed "far below expectations", it accepted defeat in the election "with grace" and would become an opposition party. Although in this elections PML-Q could not win but became second largest vote scoring party of Pakistan[9]

Party Leadership & Vision

Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain is current President of PML-Q. He was elected unopposed, and Senator Mushahid Hussain Syed is the Secretary General of PML who was also elected unopposed.

The PML has entered a new phase of its history. It aspires to promote a culture of reconciliation and accommodation in politics. It has launched a massive campaign to organize itself at the grassroots. It plans to introduce reforms in the social, economic and other sectors of the society in order to bring about a real change in the life of the common man.

'Like-minded Group' break away

Recently, a growing rift within the leadership of the party has emerged another faction within the ambit of the Muslim League calling themselves the 'Like-minded' bloc, who are seriously opposed to the recent Chaudhry's of Gujrat leadership bid.

Even though its early days for this new faction, they have announced that Hamid Nasir Chattha would be the Chairman, Salim Saifullah the President, and Humayun Akhtar Khan the Secretary General. Other prominent leaders to join this parallel set-up amongst others are (former Foreign Ministers) Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri (appointed as Chairman Steering Committee) and Gohar Ayub Khan. Additional prominent leaders include Kashmala Tariq as well.[10][11] A meeting of the group was held in August 2009 in Peshawar by members including Salim Saifullah Khan, Hamid Nasir Chattha, Humayun Akhtar Khan, Gohar Ayub Khan, Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri, Muhammad Ali Durrani, Sumera Malik, Lala Nisar, Kashmala Tariq, Iqbal Dar and Omar Ayub Khan.[12]

In February 2010, the mainstream PML-Q was further effected by the reisgnation of Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq, and the revival of his Pakistan Muslim League (Z) party.

Other leaders

Support for military regimes

The President of the party Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi supported Musharraf step by step. They have been faithful to the general in even the most adverse circumstances.[13]

Shujaat Hussain's father Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi was initially a supporter of General Ayub Khan, but when the governor during his time Nawab of Kalabagh Amir Mohammad Khan favored some of his local opponents, he parted ways with Ayub's Convention Muslim League. He opposed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and later joined Zia's government. He was killed allegedly by Al-Zulfikar organization for his support to General Zia-ul-Haq. After his death, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain continued to support Zia and his Islamization policies. He remained in PML Once the establishment parted ways with Nawaz Sharif in 1999, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi came to the rescue of stability of country and saw their new party PML (Q) win the general elections of 2002. Both the Chaudhry brothers have been accused of some financial scandals including the Cooperative Scandal, sugar scandal and bank loan defaults, but none of them were ever proven or even pursed or trailed by government.[14]

See also

References

10.^ Jahan Zaib Sarwar Awan (September 6, 2009)."Joined PML Q".Jang Newspaper

11.^ http://www.pakistanmuslimleague.yolasite.com

External links


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