An ealdorman (modern
alderman) was the prior magistrate of an Anglo-Saxon shire from 900to the time of the Danes. The ealdorman, rendered in Latinas " dux" or (in early West Saxoncharters) "præfectus" (which is also the equivalent of "gerefa", modern reeve, from which sheriffor shirereeve), was the chief magistrate of a shire ( county) in Anglo-Saxon England. He commanded the army of the shire(s) and districts under his control on behalf of the king. They were appointees of the king and were originally mostly from the ancient and powerful families, but later were often chosen from among the king's "comites" (plural of " comes", meaning companion) and many, especially in the early Danish period, were new to high office. The term gradually disappeared as it was replaced by "eorl", the Danish term which evolved into the modern earl, the analogous term of which happens to be count, from the French " comte", derived from the Latin "comes". The ealdormen can be thought of as the early English earls, for their ealdormanries (singular ealdormanry, same meaning as earldom) eventually became the great earldoms of Anglo-Danish and Anglo-Norman England.
An ealdormancy was an Anglo-Saxon governing body over several shires, made up of more than one ealdorman.
*Stenton, Sir Frank M. "Anglo-Saxon England Third Edition".
Oxford University Press, 1971.
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Ealdorman — est un terme anglo saxon signifiant littéralement « homme aîné » (elder man). Il désigne l homme placé à la tête d un comté dans l Angleterre anglo saxonne entre le IXe siècle et le règne de Knut le Grand. L ealdorman est un… … Wikipédia en Français
Ealdorman — [ ɛːldəmən], angelsächsisches Amt, Alderman. (Earl) … Universal-Lexikon
ealdorman — [ôl′dər mən, āl′dər mən] n. Anglo Saxon History the chief officer in a shire; alderman … English World dictionary
Ealdorman — In der vom 9. und 10. bis ins 11. Jahrhundert nach Christus etablierten angelsächsisch dänischen Herrschaftsordnung im frühen England stand der Ealdorman (dt. Aldermann, latinisierte Form Comes) an der Spitze eines Shire (=Grafschaft), der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ealdorman — Ealderman Eal der*man, Ealdorman Eal dor*man, n. An alderman. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
ealdorman — see ealderman * * * /awl deuhr meuhn/, n., pl. ealdormen. Obs. alderman. Also, ealderman. * * * ealdorman obsolete form of ↑alderman … Useful english dictionary
ealdorman — noun Etymology: Old English more at alderman Date: before 12th century the chief officer in a district (as a shire) in Anglo Saxon England … New Collegiate Dictionary
ealdorman — /awl deuhr meuhn/, n., pl. ealdormen. Obs. alderman. Also, ealderman. * * * … Universalium
ealdorman — noun the chief magistrate of a shire in Anglo Saxon England … Wiktionary
Ealdorman — Noble of the highest social rank in AS England, appointed by the king to govern a Shire … Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases