Quebec comic strips
The first Quebec comic strips appeared in the humour pages of a few newspapers in the late 19th century and early 20th century, following the trends coming from Europe.
Les Aventures de Timothée" ("The Adventures of Timothée") by Albéric Bourgeoiswas first published in the newspaper " La Patrie" in 1904 and was the first French-language comic to feature " speech balloons". Also in 1904, the Adventures of " Le Père Ladébauche" (Father Debauchery), created by Hector Bethelotin " La Presse". The comical character " Onésime" was created by Albert Chartierin 1943.
First presented in serial fashion in "
Croc", " The Adventures of Jerome Bigras in Bungalopolis" were published as albums in 1992 "Bungalopolis" and 1994 "On a marché sur mon gazon". Jerome Bigras lives in an absurdist version of suburbia with his pet, a leaking lawnmower. Both albums received the Onésime Prize. The author, Jean-Paul Eid, has also done the drawings for " Memoria", a fantastic adventure set in a parallel world, to a text written by Claude Paiement.
In Montreal, in parallel to mainstream humour magazines, a healthy underground developed.
Julie Doucet, Henriette Valium, Luc Giard, Eric Theriault, Gavin McInnesand Siriswere among the names that were discovered in the small press publications.
Comics versus humour
Historical precedents have made it difficult for comic strips and comic books to be considered separately from humour in Quebec. For example, the most popular sources of comics in Quebec were magazines such as "Croc" (now defuct) and "Safarir". In 2005, a large comic book event called "BD Montreal", was organized and sponsored partly by the producers of the Juste Pour Rire Comedy Festival (
Just For Laughs) in cooperation with Le Salon Du Livre de Montreal. However, the festival's president Jean-Paul Eid has publicly said that their mandate was to be careful not to automatically link comic with humour.The situation might be evolving.
Comics are well distributed in bookstores where they are great sellers, although local products are difficult to find outside speciality store like Fichtre or Studio 9. Quebec-based comic strips are rarely published in the large news paper networks, even in Francophone publications. Instead, publishers favour American-based syndicated series.
Culture of Quebec
* [http://www.canadacomics.ca/bourgeois.html Canadian Cartoonist Hall of Fame: Albéric Bourgeois]
* [http://www.nlc-bnc.ca/comics/t17-7000-e.html Quebecois Comics]
* [http://www.republiquelibre.org/cousture/bd/QCBD.HTM La BD au Québec] fr icon
* [http://www.bdquebec.qc.ca/ BD Québec] fr icon
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