Law enforcement in Sweden
Law Enforcement in Sweden is carried out by several government entities, mainly run by the
Government of Sweden.
The organization mainly tasked with law enforcement is the Swedish Police. In addition, under certain circumstances other government agencies can be tasked with law enforcement, including investigations, arrest/probatory powers, or enforcement of judgments. However, just like in the United States Swedish law has provisions similar to the U.S.
Posse Comitatus Actwhich limits the use of the military to perform the tasks of law enforcement agencies in time of peace. This rule has recently come under review, in light of the upsurge of terrorist activity following the 9/11attacks and the bombings in Bali, Madridand Londonit has been suggested that the military should be allowed to aid the Police in certain situations of heightened tension.
Agencies under the Ministry of Justice
Swedish Police Service
:"See main article on the Swedish Police."
National Economic Crimes Bureau
The Swedish National Economic Crimes Bureau, or " [http://www.ekobrottsmyndigheten.se Ekobrottsmyndigheten] ", is a
multidisciplinarylaw enforcement agency with the responsibility to both investigate and prosecute in cases of economic crimes. Similar multidisciplinary organizations are the Økokrimin Norwayand the Scorpions in South Africa.
Swedish Prosecution Authority
The Swedish Prosecutions Authority, or " [http://www.aklagare.se Åklagarmyndigheten] " is the principal agency in Sweden responsible for public
prosecutions. It is headed by the Prosecutor General of Sweden.
Swedish prosecutors, belonging or not to the authority, is responsible for leading and supervising criminal investigations done by the Swedish Police, and preparing and presenting cases for court. The prosecutors holds also a number of quasi-judicial powers like, though not officially, acting as judges in several
There is also a couple of Swedish prosecution agencies, independent of the SPA. The Swedish
Chancellor of Justiceand the Parliamentary Ombudsman(who is independent of the national government). The Ombudsman has powers to act as a special prosecutor and bring charges against public officials for malfeasance or some other irregularity. This happens very rarely.
Chancellor of Justice
The Chancellor, roughly the
Attorney Generalof Sweden, acts, besides supervising lawyers and public officials, as a special prosecutor in several cases. The Chancellor does have, as being a prosecutor, investigative powers in cases regarding misconduct of lawyers and public officials, and violations of the Swedish laws dealing with press freedom.
Swedish Corrections Service
The Swedish Prison and Probation Service, or " [http://www.kbv.se Kriminalvården] " does have, besides duties as guarding prisons and keeping arrested suspects in jail, certain powers to track down escaped convicts.
National Board of Forensic Medicine
The Board, [http://www.rmv.se/ Rättsmedicinalverket] , is the main Swedish
Agencies under the Ministry of Finance
Swedish Customs Service
The [http://www.tullverket.se Swedish Customs] performs duties related to law enforcement including
border guardduties and the trace of illegal narcotics attempted to be smuggled into the country.
Swedish Enforcement Administration
Swedish Enforcement Administration, or "Kronofogdemyndigheten" is the law enforcement service of the Swedish National Tax Board with duty to carry out judgments. It is also the main distraintauthority in Sweden.
Agencies under the Ministry of Defence
Swedish Coast Guard
The [http://www.kustbevakningen.se/ Swedish Coast Guard] , or "Kustbevakningen" enforce Swedish law on the sea, independently or together with the Swedish Police. This includes sobriety tests of the operators of any marine vessel.
Swedish Military Police
military policeis the law enforcement service of the Swedish Armed Forces. The Life Guards is responsible for training military police soldiers, Royal Guards and other guards. The duties of the military police outside the military may include protection and safety of foreign Heads of State.
The connection between the military police units and the Life Guards is similar to the structure in the Swedish Police Service; the Life Guard is responsible for service, coordination and development of the military police, and the local unit is responsible to investigate and keep law and order at the camp.
Agencies under the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
National Board of Institutions
The [http://www.stat-inst.se/ Swedish National Board of Institutions] is the Swedish youth probation agency.
Sweden, police (Polis) cars were white with black fenders and roof. The roof was painted black on request from northern Sweden as a white roof would make the car nearly invisible when driving in the snow. More recently, Sweden has changed from black paint to light blue stickers, and from 2005 they use blue and fluorescent yellow stickers. Most of Swedish police cars are either Volvos or Saabs.
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