Frederik Vinding Kruse

Louis Frederik Vinding Kruse (1880-1963) was a Danish jurist. From 1914 to 1950 he was a professor at the school formerly known as "Rets- og Statsvidenskabelige Fakultet" (Jurisprudence and Political Science Faculty) (today known as the "Juridiske Fakultet", or Legal Faculty) of the University of Copenhagen.

He was one of the most beloved jurists of his time and was awarded the Hans Christian Ørsted Medal in 1933 for his five-volume work "Ejendomsretten" ("Property Law").

In 1940, he was offered a position with the German government which he refused, although he had sympathy with the goals of the right-wing political current in Europe.

After World War II, he was accused of having been a Nazi by rival professor Alf Ross, but he continued his work as a legal scholar and author.

Vinding Kruse was an adherent to the pure philosophy of natural law and was a sharp critic of the idea that courts should consist of an elite group to compel the masses toward a higher moral condition by controlling man's natural evil tendencies. In this respect also Alf Ross came to be a major opponent of Vinding Kruse, and the main focus of Vinding Kruse's sharp criticism was Alf Ross' dissertation, "Læren om Retskilderne" (1926), which was a major factor in Vinding Kruse's recommendation that Alf Ross not remain part of the Faculty.

Louis Frederik Vinding Kruse was born July 30, 1880 in Thisted theson of Christoffer Vinding Kruse and Maren Oline Nielsen. He married Dec 20, 1920 in Jerusalem kirke in Copenhagen to Pouline Petersen born Feb 24, 1884 in Helsingør,who had previously marriedAage Viggo Gertsen Kempel in 1904 but had divorced him.

Frederik and Maren had one son, Anders Vinding Kruse, born May 4, 1921 in Copenhagen. Anders followed his father in the law:1947 Bachelor of Laws, 1950 Doctor of Laws. 1951 professor at the Aarhus University and 1955-91 at the Copenhagen University. 1968 a guest professor at the University of California, Berkeley. Andersmarried a social worker, Tove V.K.Stormlund in 1951 and they had adaughter Sysette Vinding Kruse in 1954. Anders died January 15, 1995.

For an in-depth biography, see "Frederik Vinding Kruse (1880-1963): En Juridisk Biografi" by Jens Evald (ISBN 87-574-1242-1), published in 2006, "Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag" (Danish).


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